Chameleon belong to best known lizard family. Chameleon means ‘Earth Lion’. The main distribution of Chameleons is Africa and Madagascar, and other tropical regions, although some species are also found in parts of southern Europe and Asia. Chameleons react to heat and cold by changing color too. Unless they can increase their body temperature by absorbing heat from the sun, they stay the same temperature as the air around them. Without warmth, they cannot hunt, move, or digest their food. In the morning they squeeze their sides together and puff out their chins, flattening their bodies to create more surface area. Dark colors absorb heat better, so the side of the chameleon facing the sun becomes almost black, while the other remains it usual color! Chameleons are "ectotherms", animals whose temperatures are controlled from outside their bodies. They eat locusts, mantids, crickets, and other insects, but larger chameleons have been known to eat small birds and other lizards.
Facts About Chameleon