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Animal Class >>Birds

Duck

Ducks are aquatic birds, mostly smaller than their relatives like swans and geese, and may be found in both fresh water and sea water. Females are known as duck and males as drake. Drakes have extravagant plumage, but that is moulted in summer to give a more female-like appearance, the "eclipse" plumage. Most of then have a wide flat beak adapted for dredging. The rich green sheen and bright yellow beak of the male is in sharp contrast to its drab female counterpart, with her orange beak and brown plumage. They feed on grasses, aquatic plants, fish, insects, small amphibians, worms, and small mollusks. Diving ducks and sea ducks forage deep underwater while Dabbling ducks feed on the surface of water or on land. Dabbling ducks have in their beaks special plates called lamellae. These tiny rows of plates along the inside of the beak let them filter water out of the side of their beaks and keep food inside. Diving ducks are heavier than dabbling ducks, and therefore have more difficulty taking off to fly. Many species of ducks are temporarily flightless while moulting i.e after routine shedding of old feathers; they seek out protected habitat with good food supplies during this period. They are hunted for food, sports and farming.

 

Facts:

  1. Females are known as duck and males as drake, babies are called ducklings. 
  2. They are found in both fresh water and sea water. 
  3. Black duck males and females are very similar in coloring, except that the males' feet turn bright red and their beaks yellow, during the breeding season. 
  4. They feed on grasses, aquatic plants, fish, insects, small amphibians, worms, and small molluscs. 
  5. Ducks are hunted for food, sports and farming. 
  6. Ducks have no blood vessels or nerves in their feet, so they can't feel cold even in frigid water. 
  7. Ducks are related to geese and swans. The duck is the smallest of them all and have shorter necks and wings and a stout body. Ducks can live from 2-12 years, depending on the species. 
  8. Ducks have webbed feet, which act like paddles. 
  9. Ducks are economical as they provide us with eggs, meat and feathers. 
  10. Their feathers are waterproof. There is a special gland that produces oil near the tail that spreads and covers the outer coat of feathers. Beneath this waterproof layer are fluffy and soft feathers to keep the duck warm. 
  11. The weight of adult drake (the male) is 9 lbs and of adult duck (the female) is 8 lbs. 
  12. They adapt very easily to different climates, and are found throughout the United States.


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