Animal Class >> Mammals


The Giraffe is tallest among all land living animals. Males can be 4.8 to 5.5 metres (16 to 18 feet) tall and weigh up to 1,360 kilograms (3,000 pounds). Females are generally slightly shorter and weigh less than the males do. Both sexes have horns, although the horns of a female are smaller. Giraffes have spots covering their entire bodies, except their underbellies, with each giraffe having a unique pattern of spots. They have long, prehensile tongues that are impervious to the thorns of the acacia trees that they feed from and are distinctly blue-black to protect from sunburn.  They have long necks, which they use to browse the leaves of trees.

Facts about Giraffe

  1. The giraffe, the tallest animal in the world, lives on the African plains. It can reach high into the trees, especially acacias, to feed, and can run at nearly 50 kmph.
  2. A giraffe can clean its ears with its 21-inch tongue!
  3. A giraffe's tongue can sometimes be over a foot and half long! 
  4. When attacked by enemy, an adult giraffe can run 35-mile-an-hour (56-kilometer-an-hour).
  5. The lion spots a young giraffe, called a calf. Before the lion can attack the calf, its mother positions herself over the calf to protect it.
  6. Giraffes can easily live 25 years.
  7. The giraffes' 18-foot (5.4-meter) height and excellent vision gives them a wide view of the grasslands where they live, making it easy for them to spot predators from a distance. Some scientists believe that other animals-such as zebras, antelope, and wildebeests-often congregate near giraffes to take advantage of their ability to see danger from a distance. The giraffe could be considered the early warning system of the African grasslands.

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