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Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh, is a heady mixture of heritage, traditionally hospitality and a thriving software revolution. The capital is in reality the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad linked together by the Hussain Sagar Lake. The fifth largest city in India and has a population of over 3.6 million. There are no forests in this district, and this district is the Smallest district in Andhra Pradesh and the densest one in the whole State. The boundaries of Hyderabad district are Nalgonda district, Mahaboobnagar district, Karnataka state and Medak district in the East, South, West and North directions respectively. Musi is the main river. The major water sources for the twin cities are Singur Project on River Manjeera in Medak district and Osman sagar on River Musi at Gandipet. Vazir sultan Tobacco, B.E, Indian Hume pipe Ltd at Azamabad, Hyderabad Asbestos Ltd and Plywood Ltd., Praga Tools, Midhani, N.F.C, D.R.D.O and E.C.I.L are the main industries. India's First Cigarette Charminar was produced from Vazir Sultan Tobacco factory situated at Azamabad area, which has more than a Hundred years of manufacturing experience on this branded Cigarette. Hyderabad is known as the 2nd largest town growing, after Bangalore, in software exports, as biggest software giants are located here. i.e. Satyam Computers, Sriven. Also Microsoft is opening new office in India at Hyderabad.

Bidriware Metal crafts, Ikat fabrics, Perfumes, Bangles and Pearls are the famous handicrafts of Hydrabad. Pearls, bangles, silks, computer software, handicrafts and above all a delectgable cuisine add to the splendour of this great city. Osmania University the Oldest one in Andhra Pradesh established in 1919, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Potti Sri Ramulu Telugu University, Acharya N.G.Raga agricultural University, Ambedkar Open University, Hyderabad University (Central University) are chief pioneers in educational establishments in the district. The name itself brings up vision of a vibrant city of minarets and modern high - rise buildings. A natural and sophisticated blend of old and new - an old 'Nawabi' culture with a new pro-active approach and hospitality. It is the only city in the south, where the major language spoken is Urdu.

Hyderabad at a glance :

Hyderabad at a glance :
Head Quarters Hyderabad
Area 217 sq.km
Altitude 536 Mts
Summer Max 40 C and Min 22 C
Winter Max 22C and Min 13.8C
Rainfall 89cm ( June to Sept )
Best Season June to February
STD Code 040
State Andhra Pradesh


This district was formed in the year 1906. Karimnagar district is bounded by Madhya Pradesh state in the east, Nizamabad district in the West, Warangal and Medak districts in the South and Adilabad district in the North directions. Godavari, Maneru are the main rivers. Karimnagar, Peddapally, Vemulavada, Jagityala, Sirisilla and Korutla are the main cities. Sivaram Sanctuary, Elgandal fort, Kaleswaram, Dhulikatta are the main places of interest and Sri Raja Rajeshwari Temple at Vemulavada, Kaleswaram temple, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple at Dharmapuri, Sri Anjaneya Temple at Jagityala hill, Kaleswaram and Nagnur temple are the places of religious importance. Nakashi Paintings and Silver filigree, Sirsilla cottons, Ramadugu Stone Craft are the main handicrafts of the district. Kesoram cements at Basantnagar, Ramagundam Fertilizers, Ramagundam Thermal power station are the prime industries. The forest yields Commodities, apart from usual Timber. Government has taken steps in making social forestry. The chief mineral found in this district is Coal. The main source of water to this district is through Boggulavagu project on Boggulavagu, Echampalli project on river Godavari. Ramagundam Thermal Power Station is the major Plant found in this District. Karimnagar is 80 Kms. from Warangal and 172 kms from Hyderabad. It is well connected by road and rail. Hyderabad Airport is the nearest airport.

Karimnagar at a glance :
Head Quarters Karimnagar
Area 11,825 sq.km
Summer Max 44, Min 29
Winter Max 30 , Min 14.6
Rainfall 153 mm

Khammam District

This district was formed in the year 1953. The Boundaries of Khammam district are East Godavari district in the East, Warangal and Nalgonda districts in the West, Krishna district in the South and Madhya Pradesh State borders in the North directions. Godavari is the main river. Bhadrachalam, Khammam are the main towns. Khammam fort, Nelakondapalli, Parnasala, Kinnerasani Project, Peratalapalli Papi Kondalu, Palair, Somavaram, Yanambailu, Kothagudem Thermal power station at Palvancha, and Kinnerasani Sanctuary etc. are the main places of interest and Bhadrachalam Sri Seetha Ramachandra swamy temple, Jeelacheruvu Venkateswara temple, Jamalapuram temple, Kallur temple, Takkellapadu Sri Lalitha Parameswary temple, Kusumanchi temple, Garla Sangameswara temple, Peratalapalli Sangameswara temple, Khammam Laxmi Narasimha temple and Sri Ramagiri Temple are the main places of religious importance. Bhadrachalam Paper Board, Kottegudam Thermal Power Station, Sponge Iron Factories, Singareni Calaries, Aloid Steel factory are prime industries. The forest area covers more than the fifty percent of the total area of the district. Rich Timber like Teak is obtained from these forests. Coal is the chief mineral found in these lands, especially at Kottegudam, and Illendu. Marble Stone deposits are also available at some parts of the district. One of the Four Industrial development centers in the state is situated in this district. The power supply to this district is mainly through Kottegudam Thermal Power Station. The water sources to this are Lalbahadur canal which is left Nagarjuna sagar canal, Mokkamamidi, Paddavagu, Kinnerasani and Taliperu like mediun range Projects. Khammam is 257 kms from Hyderabad and lies on the Hyderabad - Vijayawada rail section. It is well connected by road. Hyderabad Airport is the nearest airport.

Khammam at a glance :
Head Quarters Khammam
Area 16,029 sq.km

Krishna District

Krishna District was formerly called Machilipatnam district. It was renamed as Krishna district, after the mighty river Krishna in 1859. The Boundaries of this district are West Godavari district in the East, Bay of Bengal in the South, Guntur and Nalgonda districts in the West and Khammam district in the North directions. Krishna, Budameru, Munneru and Tammileru are the main rivers. Vijayawada, Vuyyur, Machilipatnam, Thiruvuru, Kaikalur are the main towns. Krishna wildlife sanctuary, Kondapally fort, Chinnagollapalem, Prakasam Barrage, Gandhi hill, Bhavani Island, Sibar Disneyland, Rajiv Gandhi Park, Victoria Museum, Mogalrajapuram caves, Manginapudi beach, Buddhist Sites at Gummadidurru, Ghantasala and Jaggayyapeta. are the main places of interest and Kanaka Durga Temple at Vijayawada, Gunadala Church, Hazrat Bal Mosque, Movva temple, Machilipatnam Panduranga Swamy temple are the places of religious importance. Kondapalli Toys, Machilipatnam Kalamkari Fabrics and Rold gold Ornaments are the handicrafts of the district. Andhra cements, Railway wagon workshop, The RTC Regional workshop, Jawahar Autonagar, Andhra Pradesh Heavy Engineering Machinery Industry, Sugar Factories at Vuyyur and Hanuman Junction are the prime industries. The Majority of the people in Urban areas of Krishna district are engaged in trade and commerce. Agriculture is the most important occupation of the people of the district. The forest area occupies only 9% of the total district area. Social Forestry drive is undergoing in many parts of the district. Small deposits of Diamonds are also available. Natural Gas and Crude Oil is also found on the coastal belts of the district. The Barrage built on the river Krishna by Sir Arthur Cotton at Vijayawada is the Chief Irrigation Source to the District. Three tributaries of the River Krishna are the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi during its course in Andhra Pradesh. The climate of Vijayawada, the major city in Krishna district is tropical in nature with hot summers and moderate winters. April to June are the summer months with temperatures ranging from a minimum of 270 C to 450 C. The temperatures during the winter months range from 280 to 170 C. The area is very humid, the average humidity ranges from 68% during summer season. The District hosts Many industries and KCP Sugar Factory at Vuyyur is a famous one, apart from this many Medium Scale Cement factories are there throughout the district. There are many Small Scale Industries like Musical Instruments at Jaggayyapeta, Roldgold Ornaments at Machilipatnam and Kondapalli toys. SIRIS Pharmaceutical Company at Vijayawada is another giant company manufacturing Allopathic medicines. Vijayawada Thermal Power Station near Ibrahimpatnam is ranked as the No.1 Power generation unit in India for its high performance. The annual rainfall in the region is about 965 mm and is contributed by the Southwest monsoon. The oldest port in Andhra Pradesh is Machilipatnam port. The Bus complex at Vijayawada is one of the Biggest in Asia. The Railway station at Vijayawada is said to be the Biggest Junction in South India. Kuchipudi dance form originated from this district. Machilipatnam is well connected by road and rail. Nearest airport is at Vijayawada.

Krishna at a glance :
Head Quarters Machilipatnam
Area 8,727 sq.km

Mahabubnagar District

The Boundaries of Mahabubnagar District are Nalgoda and Prakasam districts in the East, Kurnool district in the South, Gulbarga and Rayachur districts of Karnataka State in the West and Hyderabad district in the North directions. Krishna, Tungabhadra, Vendi, Peddavaagu, Chinnavaagu are the main rivers. Nagarkurnool, Vanaparthi Mahabubnagar and Gadwal are the main towns. Gadwal handlooms, Woolen Blankets are prime industries. Pillalamarri Banyan Tree, farahabad hill station, Gadwal Fort, Sarlasagar project, Koilsagar project and Nagarjunasagar - Srisailam Sanctuary are the places of interest and Alampur Temple, Manikonda Temple, Wanaparthi Temple, Malleswaram Temple, Somasila Temple, Sri Rangapur Temple and Nava Brahma Temple on the riverbanks of Tungabhadra are the places of religious importance. Gadwal Handlooms is the handicraft of the district. Forest provides the Bamboo, which is useful in the Paper Industry. Social forests are coming up nicely over the years. There are no major industries present in the district, but Sheep breeding is providing adequate income resources to the people in some parts of the district. Most parts of the district fall under severe drought region with short of rainfall every year. The main water sources are Lift Irrigation project on River Krishna at Kothapally, Priyadarsini Jurala project at Gadwal, Rajulibanda Diversion, Koyal Sagar and Sarla Sagar Schemes. Handloom industry especially Gadwal is a household name of Sarees and their products. Educational Institutions are affiliated to Osmania University. Mahabubnagar is well connected by rail and road with important towns of the State. It is 96 kms from Hyderabad.

Mahabubnagar at a glance :
Head Quarters Mahabubnagar
Area 18,432 sq.km

Medak District

The Boundaries of Medak district are Warangal and Nalgonda districts, Hyderabad district, Karnataka state and Nizamabad district in the East, South, West and North directions respectively. Manjeera, Valdhi, Gudleruvagu and Kadaleru are main rivers. Siddipeta, Medak, Ramachandra puram and Sangareddy are main towns. BHEL, ICRISAT, Sugar, Vishaka Asbestos at Patanchervu, Sanitary wares at Kollur, Novapan India Ltd are the main industries. Manjira wildlife Sanctuary, Kondapur Archeological Museum, Medak fort and Pocharam Sanctuary are main places of interest and Medak Church, Edupayalu Kanakadurga temple, Nacharam temple, Zarasangam and Alladurg temples are places of religious importance. Siddipet Bathic Paintings, Ramayampet brass, Silver and Woodenwares are the main handicrafts of the district. Forest area occupies 9.96% of the total district area. Eucalyptus plantations are taken up as the social forestry scheme in the district. Manjeera Crocodile Sanctuary is situated with an area of 20 Sq.km is a place to be visited. There are many Government establishments in the district Vishaka Asbestos cement factory at Patanchervu, BHEL, ICRISAT, are the major ones. Medium and Small scale industries and ancillary units are there supporting the BHEL. Singuru Nizam Sager Project build on the river Manjeera , provides drinking water to the neighboring district of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Medak Church Built in 1914 by Charles Walker Pasnet is coined as the biggest church in the South India. It has taken 10 years of uninterrupted construction time for completion of the structure. All Educational institutions of degree level are affiliated to Osmania University of Hyderabad. Sangareddy, the headquarter of Medak district and is about 28 kms from Medak and 70 kms from Hyderabad. It is well connected by road.

Medak District at a glance :
Head Quarters Sangareddy
Area 9,699 sq.km