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Arunachal Pradesh

District Tawang

District Tawang is bordered by Tibet in the North, Bhutan in the Southwest and Sela ranges separate West Kameng district in the East The area of the district is approximately 2,085sq. kms. The name Tawang derives from some bearings on surroundings. But people's interpretation is that the name Tawang was given by Merak Lama in the 17th century. The inhabitants of the districts are all of Monpa tribes. The Monpas belong to Mongoloid stock, are well built, and fair in complexion. Their houses are built with stones and timbers. Agriculture and Animal Husbandry are the fundamental means of the Monpas occupation.


Tawang the headquarters of the Tawang district located on the western tip of the state on a mountain side at 12000 ft above sea level, is the land of the Monpa tribes and a major centre of the Mahayana Buddhists. Tawang is famous for its 400 year old Buddhist monastery which overlooks the wide Tawang Valley. The best season to visit is from April to October. The nearest airport is Tezpur which is 345 km from Tawang and the nearest Railhead is Bhalukpong at 280 kms. Buses and Taxi ply regularly from Bomdilla to Tawang which is 180 km and takes 10 hrs. Deputy commissioner, Tawang Phone 037824 - 22221 (O) 22222 (R) can be contacted for accommodation at Government Circuit House, Tawang. Tawang is also ideal for trekking and hiking.

On the way to Tawang lies the World's second highest pass, the Sela Pass through a high altitude lake of crystal blue water. Both sides of the lake are decked with miles of rhodendrons. There is also an Orchidarium at Tipi near the banks of the Kameng River in the West Kameng District, enroute Tawang.

Tirap district

The Tirap district is located in the southeastern part of Arunachal Pradesh. It shares a state border with Nagaland and Assam, an international border with Myanmar and a district border with Changlang. Tirap District derives its name from the river Tirap which originates in the district and flows through Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh. The entire area of Tirap District is covered with high hills and deep gorges. There is hardly a few plots of plain land in the villages lying close to the plains of Assam. Tirap District lies between the latitude 26° 38° N and 27° 47° N and the longitude 96° 16° E and 95° 40° E.


The climate is largely influence by the terrain marked high hills, deep ravines and valleys through which the streams and rivers flow. Generally, the elevation of land varies from about 200 metres in the north-west to about 4,000 metres over the mountains. The climate vary considerably from place to place due to the mountains nature of the terrain. The climate is cool and highly humid in lower elevations and in the valleys. The cold season prevailing from the later part of November to February is followed by frequent thunderstorms in the pre-monsoon season from March to May. The monsoon continues from June to about the middle of October.

Flora & Fauna

Like other districts of Arunachal Pradesh, varieties of flora is available in Tirap District. The vegetation of the district largely consists of tropical and subtropical evergreen forest with inter spread grasslands and temperate forests in the high hills. Most of the jungles are not virgin forests.

Rich and varied fauna are available in the district. This include some rare varieties of wild animals. Among the carnivores, tiger and leopard are common. The wild boar, bear, barking deer are also found in the district. The insectivores and the rodents are very common. The Indian long tailed tree mouse, the large tooth rats, the house rats are common in every part of the district. Moreover, the jackals and various kinds of squirrels are found in the jungles.

Administrative Setup

Tirap District was previously known as Tirap Frontier Tract with its headquarter at Margherita in Assam. Then it was renamed as Tirap Frontier Division and the headquarter shifted to Khela. Only few years after independence, it was declared as a district with headquarter at Khonsa. At present the Deputy Commissioner is the administrative head of the district. The district is administered by the Deputy Commissioner in the district headquarter at Khonsa assisted by the Additional Deputy Commissioner at Sub Divisional headquarter at Longding and other SDO, EACs and COs at their respective headquarter. The district is divided into three sub divisions namely Longding sub division and Deomali sub division and Kanubari sub division. The Longding subdivision is headed by the Additional Deputy Commissioner and the Deomali and Kanubari sub division by the Sub Divisional Officer. It is again divided into eight administrative circles for better administration. They are :

Name of the Circle Administrative Head
Khonsa Circle Circle Officer
Namsang Circle Circle Officer
Lazu Circle Circle Officer
Longding Circle Circle Officer
Wakka Circle Circle Officer
Pumao Circle Circle Officer
Pongchau Circle Circle Officer
Kanubari Circle Circle Officer


Much of the tribal population consists of the Naga related Nocte, Konyak and Wancho, who traditionally followed Hinduism and Animism, although a sizeable minorty of Christians can be found among the Nocte and Konyak as well. Smaller communities of Tutsa, Tangsa and Singpho can be found in the district as well. Festive fairs and festivals such as the Loku of the Nocte, Oriya or Ojiyele of the Wancho and the Pongtu festival of the Tutsa are celebrated in full flair. Tirap is also home to a sizeable population of the Christian Indian immigrants, Buddhist Chakma and Bangladeshi expratates.

How to reach

By Train

There is no direct train service to Tirap. The nearest railway station is at Dibrugarh/Tinsukia/ Naharkatia (Assam). From these places, daily bus/taxi service is available to the district headquarter, KHONSA.

By Bus

From Guwahati daily via Jorhat, Dibrugarh and Tinsukia, Private night super buses are available. Then from Tinsukia/Dibugarh Arunachal Pradesh State Transport Corporation (APSTC) and many other private bus/Taxi available.

By Air

One can come to Mohanbari/Dibrugarh from Guwahati by air. Then from Dibrugarh daily taxi/bus services is available to district headquarter, KHONSA.

Tirap District at a glance
Capital Khonsa
Area 2362 sq km
Population 100,227 (2001)
Population Density 42.0/km2
Literacy 42.01%
Total 1,00,227
Male 52,461
Female 47,766
Density of population 42/Sq.Km.
Literacy Rate 42.01%
No. of Sub-Divisions 2
No. of Blocks 6
No. of Circles 8
No. of Villages 161
No. of Assembly Constituencies 7
Languages Assamese, Hindi, Nocte, Wancho and English