West Kameng is a district of Arunachal Pradesh in India. It accounts for 8.86% of the total area of the state. The name is derived from the Kameng river, a tributary of the Brahmaputra, that flows through the district. West Kameng lies approximately between 91° 30' to 92° 40' East longitudes and 26° 54' to 28° 01' North latitudes. The district shares an international border with Tibet in the north, Bhutan in the west, Tawang district in the northwest, and East Kameng district in the east. The southern border is shared with Sonitpur district and Darrang district of Assam. The topography is mostly mountainous. Much of West Kameng area is covered with the Himalayas. The highest peak in the district and state is Kangte.
West Kameng is comprised of five major tribes: Monpa (which makes up 78% of the district's population and includes Dirang, Bhut, Lish, and Kalaktang Monpa), Miji (Sajolang), Sherdukpen, Aka (Hrusso), and Khowa (Bugun). Minority tribes include Takpa, Lishipa, Chugpa, and Butpa.
Most of the inhabitants are Buddhist, through the Aka, Khowa, and Miji have indigenous religions and those tribe members follow a mix of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Donyi-Polo (a form of Animism).
The district is divided into three subdivisions, Thrizino, Rupa and Bomdila, and twelve administrative circles, including Dirang, Bomdila, Kalaktang, Balemu, Bhalukpong, Jameri, Sinchung, Nafra, Thrizino, Rupa, Thembang, Shergaon. The four development blocks are Dirang, Kalaktang, Nafra-Buragaon, and Thrizino.
Like most of Arunachal Pradesh, Jhum, or shifting cultivation, is practised among the tribes who live in lower elevations where there is a temperate or subtropical climate. Horiculture is practised as well.
Small industries such as textile and handicraft factories can be found.
Like East Kameng, the West Kameng district experiences an arid tundra or a cool temperate climate in the north. Snow fall occurs from mid-November to February.
|West Kameng at a glance|
|Area||7422 sq km|
|Sex Ratio||749 females per 1000 males (2001)|
|Decennial Growth Rate||32.21 (1991-2001)|
|Road Length||1339 km (1998)|
|Administrative setup Subdivisions (3)||Bomdila, Rupa, Thrizino|
|Administrative Circles (12)||Dirang, Bomdila, Kalaktang, Balemu, Bhalukpong, Jameri, Sinchung, Nafra, Thrizino, Rupa, Thembang, Shergaon.|
|Development Blocks (4)||Dirang, Kalaktang, Nafra-Buragaon, Thrizino|
|Small towns||Bomdila, Rupa, Bhalukpong, Dirang, Nafra, Kalaktang|
|No. of Assembly constituencies(4)||Dirang, Bomdila, Kalaktang, Thrizino|
|Members of Legislative Assembly||4|
|Population of the District (2001 Census)|
|Sex Ratio||749 females to 1000 males|
|Industrial Training Institute||1|
|Farmer's Training Centre||1|
|Higher Secondary Schools||6|
|Community Health Centres||2|
|Primary Health Centre||4|
|T. B Hospital||1|
Bhalukpong, Lagela Gompa at Morshing, Rupa Caves, Shergaon, Hot spring at Dirang, Shangti, GRL Monestry at Bomdila, Tippi Orchid Centre, Upper Doogjar at Rupa, Sela & Sange.
Bugun, Hrusso, , Monpa, Sajolang, Sherdukpen.
Kangte (7090 mts. MSL)
Lossar, Neichidow, Chindang,
(Tezpur) 160 km from Bomdila, Guwahati 330 km from BomdilaRail Head
Bhalukpong 100 km from Bomdila, Guwahati 330 km from BomdilaMinerals
Coal, Copper ore, Dolomite, Glass sand, marble Coal, Copper ore, Dolomite, Glass sand, marble , Copper ore, Coal(Known occurrences)Rivers
Kameng,Tenga,Bichom,Gacham,Norgum, Dirang Chu, Jamiri.Flora
Hollock, Jutuli, Hingori, Amari, Dhuna, Gomari, Bonsum, Walnut, Pines
Leopard, cat, Indian elephant, Barking deer, Indian wild boar, musk deer, monkey, Red panda
Black Necked Crane, Babblers, Warblers, Chats, Jungle fowl, Black Breasted Kallege, Hornbill, White Winged Duck, Green and Imperial PigeonFishes
Available in natural water: Orenius, Schizothorx, Mahaseer, Chowngyo, MatpalaFishes cultured
Common carp, Mrigal, Mirror carp, Brown troutLand use pattern
Forest, Terraced Rice cultivation ( TRC), Wet Rice Cultivation ( WRC), Horticulture.Agriculture
Paddy, Maize, Millet, Potato, Cauliflower, Tomato, Beans, Carrots & Other Green VegetablesHorticulture
Apples, Oranges, Pomegranates, Pine apples, Walnuts, Kiwis, Plums & PearsFloriculture
Begonia, Dahlia, Wide Variety Of Roses, Gladiolus, Marigold, Orchids & Other Exotic FlowersIndustries
Carpentry, Weaving, Handicrafts, Sericulture, Pine Oil Extraction, Wine Bottling Plant.Main livestock
Yak, Sheep, Pig, Poney, Cattle, Mithun, Goat
|Altitude of important places in West Kameng District|
|Place||Altitude - Metres||(Above Mean Sea Level) - Feet|
|Bomdila||2430 to 2700||7970 to 8856|
|Nechi Phu (Zero Point)||1708||5602|
|Se la Pass||4114||13494|