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West Kameng

West Kameng is a district of Arunachal Pradesh in India. It accounts for 8.86% of the total area of the state. The name is derived from the Kameng river, a tributary of the Brahmaputra, that flows through the district. West Kameng lies approximately between 91° 30' to 92° 40' East longitudes and 26° 54' to 28° 01' North latitudes. The district shares an international border with Tibet in the north, Bhutan in the west, Tawang district in the northwest, and East Kameng district in the east. The southern border is shared with Sonitpur district and Darrang district of Assam. The topography is mostly mountainous. Much of West Kameng area is covered with the Himalayas. The highest peak in the district and state is Kangte.

People


West Kameng is comprised of five major tribes: Monpa (which makes up 78% of the district's population and includes Dirang, Bhut, Lish, and Kalaktang Monpa), Miji (Sajolang), Sherdukpen, Aka (Hrusso), and Khowa (Bugun). Minority tribes include Takpa, Lishipa, Chugpa, and Butpa.

Most of the inhabitants are Buddhist, through the Aka, Khowa, and Miji have indigenous religions and those tribe members follow a mix of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Donyi-Polo (a form of Animism).

Administration

The district is divided into three subdivisions, Thrizino, Rupa and Bomdila, and twelve administrative circles, including Dirang, Bomdila, Kalaktang, Balemu, Bhalukpong, Jameri, Sinchung, Nafra, Thrizino, Rupa, Thembang, Shergaon. The four development blocks are Dirang, Kalaktang, Nafra-Buragaon, and Thrizino.

Economy

Like most of Arunachal Pradesh, Jhum, or shifting cultivation, is practised among the tribes who live in lower elevations where there is a temperate or subtropical climate. Horiculture is practised as well.
Small industries such as textile and handicraft factories can be found.

Climate

Like East Kameng, the West Kameng district experiences an arid tundra or a cool temperate climate in the north. Snow fall occurs from mid-November to February.

West Kameng at a glance
Capital Bomdila
Area 7422 sq km
Population 74,595 (2001)
Population Density 10.1/km2
Literacy 61.67%
Sex Ratio 749 females per 1000 males (2001)
Decennial Growth Rate 32.21 (1991-2001)
Road Length 1339 km (1998)
Administrative setup Subdivisions (3) Bomdila, Rupa, Thrizino
Administrative Circles (12) Dirang, Bomdila, Kalaktang, Balemu, Bhalukpong, Jameri, Sinchung, Nafra, Thrizino, Rupa, Thembang, Shergaon.
Development Blocks (4) Dirang, Kalaktang, Nafra-Buragaon, Thrizino
Small towns Bomdila, Rupa, Bhalukpong, Dirang, Nafra, Kalaktang
No. of Assembly constituencies(4) Dirang, Bomdila, Kalaktang, Thrizino
Members of Legislative Assembly 4


Population of the District (2001 Census)
Total 74,595
Males 42,638
Females 31,957
Literate Persons 38,488
Literacy Rate 61.67%
Sex Ratio 749 females to 1000 males
Educational Institutions
Industrial Training Institute 1
Farmer's Training Centre 1
Colleges 1
Higher Secondary Schools 6
High Schools 8
Middle Schools 37
Primary School 97
Pre-Primary Schools 27
Health Centres
District Hospitals 1
Community Health Centres 2
Primary Health Centre 4
Sub Centre 28
T. B Hospital 1
Homoeopathic Dispensary 1

Places of Historical & Tourist Interest

Bhalukpong, Lagela Gompa at Morshing, Rupa Caves, Shergaon, Hot spring at Dirang, Shangti, GRL Monestry at Bomdila, Tippi Orchid Centre, Upper Doogjar at Rupa, Sela & Sange.

Major Tribes (5)

Bugun, Hrusso, , Monpa, Sajolang, Sherdukpen.

Highest Peak in the District & State

Kangte (7090 mts. MSL)

Important Festivals

Lossar, Neichidow, Chindang,

Nearest

Airport

(Tezpur) 160 km from Bomdila, Guwahati 330 km from Bomdila

Rail Head

Bhalukpong 100 km from Bomdila, Guwahati 330 km from Bomdila

Minerals

Coal, Copper ore, Dolomite, Glass sand, marble Coal, Copper ore, Dolomite, Glass sand, marble , Copper ore, Coal(Known occurrences)

Rivers

Kameng,Tenga,Bichom,Gacham,Norgum, Dirang Chu, Jamiri.

Flora

Hollock, Jutuli, Hingori, Amari, Dhuna, Gomari, Bonsum, Walnut, Pines

Fauna

Mammalia

Leopard, cat, Indian elephant, Barking deer, Indian wild boar, musk deer, monkey, Red panda

Birds

Black Necked Crane, Babblers, Warblers, Chats, Jungle fowl, Black Breasted Kallege, Hornbill, White Winged Duck, Green and Imperial Pigeon

Fishes

Available in natural water: Orenius, Schizothorx, Mahaseer, Chowngyo, Matpala

Fishes cultured

Common carp, Mrigal, Mirror carp, Brown trout

Land use pattern

Forest, Terraced Rice cultivation ( TRC), Wet Rice Cultivation ( WRC), Horticulture.

Agriculture

Paddy, Maize, Millet, Potato, Cauliflower, Tomato, Beans, Carrots & Other Green Vegetables

Horticulture

Apples, Oranges, Pomegranates, Pine apples, Walnuts, Kiwis, Plums & Pears

Floriculture

Begonia, Dahlia, Wide Variety Of Roses, Gladiolus, Marigold, Orchids & Other Exotic Flowers

Industries

Carpentry, Weaving, Handicrafts, Sericulture, Pine Oil Extraction, Wine Bottling Plant.

Main livestock

Yak, Sheep, Pig, Poney, Cattle, Mithun, Goat

Altitude of important places in West Kameng District
Place Altitude - Metres (Above Mean Sea Level) - Feet
Bomdila 2430 to 2700 7970 to 8856
Dirang 1497 4910
Nafra 1029 3375
Kalaktang 1113 3651
Rupa 1408 4618
Thrizino 1224 4015
Shergaon 1954 6409
Bhalukpong 213 699
Elephant flat 334 1096
Nechi Phu (Zero Point) 1708 5602
Se la Pass 4114 13494
Hydel projects
Name Capacity (kW)
Sessa 1500
Rupa 200
Dirang 2000
Rahung 750
Jigaon 30