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Surya Sen

Date of Birth : -
Date of Death : Jan 8, 1934
Place of Birth : India

 Freedom Fighters
  Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  Purushottam Das Tandon
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  Lal Bahadur Shastri
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  Jayaprakash Narayan
  Hakim Ajmal Khan
  Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
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  Liaquat Ali Khan
  Maulana Mohammad Ali
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  Govind Ballabh Pant
  Dr.Shanker Dayal Sharma
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  Ram Manohar Lohia
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  Abbas Tyabji
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  Vithalbhai Patel
  Vinoba Bhave
  Ganesh Vasudev Mavlankar
  Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  Kulapati K.M. Munshi
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  Mahadeo Govind Ranade
  Subhas Chandra Bose
  Bipin Chandra Pal
  Chittaranjan Das
  Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
  Rabindranath Tagore
  Surya Sen
  Gopinath Bordoloi
  Benoy Basu
  Badal Gupta
  Dinesh Gupta
  Khudiram Bose
  Bagha Jatin
  Barindra Kumar Ghosh
  Aravinda Ackroyd Ghosh
  Surendranath Banerjea
  Ambika Chakrobarty
  C. Rajagopalachari
  Krishna Menon
  Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya
  Srinivasa Iyengar
  Muhammad Iqbal
  Lala Lajpat Rai
  Sardul Singh Caveeshar
  Sheikh Abdullah
  Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
  Bhagat Singh
  Shivaram Rajguru
  Sukhdev
  Tej Bahadur Sapru
  Sikander Hyat Khan
  Madan Lal Dhingra

Surya Sen, a teacher by profession,he was a prominent Bengali Indian freedom fighter and was the chief architect of anti-British freedom movement in Chittagong, Bengal (now in Bangladesh). A resident of Noapara under Chittagong, he was initiated into revolutionary ideas in 1916 by one of his teachers while he was a student of BA Class in the Behrampore College. On his return to Chittagong in 1918, he became the president of the Chittagong branch of the Indian National Congress, revived the hardline patriotic organisation and became a teacher of the local national school. Hence, he was known as Mastarda (teacher brother).

By 1923 Surya Sen established a number of hardline patriotic organisations (including Jugantar) in different parts of Chittagong district. Aware of the limited equipment and other resources of the freedom fighters, he was convinced of the need for secret guerrilla warfare against the colonial Government. One of his early successful undertakings was a broad day robbery at the treasury office of the Assam-Bengal Railway at Chittagong. His subsequent major success in the anti-British revolutionary violence was the Chittagong Armoury Raid in 1930. Surya Sen, being constantly followed up by the police, had to hide at the house of Sabitri Devi, a widow, near Patiya. A police and military force under Captain Cameron surrounded the house on 13 June 1932.Cameron was shot dead while ascending the staircase and Surya Sen along with Pritilata Waddedar and Kalpana Dutta escaped to safety. Ultimately a villager revealed the hiding place of Surya Sen at Gahira village in Chittagong and in the early hours of 17th February 1933, a Gurkha contingent surrounded the hideout and a soldier seized Surya Sen while he was trying to break the cordon. Tarakeswar Dastidar, the new president of the Chittagong Branch Jugantar Party, made a preparation to rescue Surya Sen from the Chittagong Jail. But the plot was unearthed and consequently frustrated. Tarakeswar and Kalpana along with others were arrested. Special tribunals tried Surya Sen, Tarakeswar Dastidar, and Kalpana Datta in 1933. Sentenced to death in August 1933, Surya Sen was hanged in the Chittagong Jail on the 8th January, 1934. At the time of his execution, the detainees kept up a continuous chorus of revolutionary songs. The villager who had revealed the hiding place of Surya Sen to the police was murdered in broad daylight on the 8th January, 1934.






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