Vijaya Lakshmi Nehru Pandit was an Indian diplomat and politician. She was the sister of Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1921 she married Ranjit Sitaram Pandit. She was the first Indian woman to hold a cabinet post. In 1937 she was elected to the provincial legislature of the United Provinces and designated minister of local self-government and public health. She held the latter post until 1939 and again from 1946 to 1947. Following India's independence from the British in 1947, she became India's envoy to the Soviet Union. She then became India's ambassador to the United Nations. She was the President of the United Nations General Assembly during the year 1953, becoming the first woman to hold that position. She served as governor of Maharashtra from 1962 until 1964. Pandit was a harsh critic of her niece, Indira Gandhi, after Gandhi became Prime Minister in 1966. Her daughter Nayantara Sahgal is a well-known novelist.