The recently formed 17th district of Haryana, Panchkula is surrounded by Himachal Pradesh in the north and north east by Ambala district in the east by Kurukshetra district in the south and Punjab and Union Territory of Chandigarh in the West.
Indian Airlines flies daily into Chandigarh from Delhi.
Several trains pull into Chandigarh from Delhi.
There is a well-developed network of road transport.
Mansa Devi Temple
About 8 km from the Chandigarh bus stand, lies the holy siddh peeth of Sri Mata Mansa Devi. Two temples have been built here. The temple on the mound has been built by the Maharaja of Patiala to commemorate his victory in a battle in 1861. The temple near the parking lot is believed to be the main temple. It has been built by the ruler of Mani Majra in 1815 A.D.
The temple is very popular among patrons, for the Goddess is believed to grant boons in keeping with Her name Mansa Devi. Fairs are held in its vicinity during the holy days of Navratra when devotees throng in lacs to pay obeisence to Her.
Bhima Devi temple
Further along this highway the runis of the Bhima Devi temple lie in the small hamlet of Pinjore. This is a picturesque location built on the rising foot hills of the Shiwalik mountains. The Bima Devi temple is an archaeological site that dates to the 11th century AD and projects the Panchayatan style of temple architecture. The temple is currently in runis. However, effort is on to design a site museum here to display the findings of the area.
The town lies on the Ambala-Shimla national highway. It forms the last stretch in Haryana, after which the highway passes into Himachal Pradesh. On this highway, lies the famous temple of Kalka Devi. Built on austere lines, the temple boasts of a large following in the area with special festivities held inthe days of Navratra.
It is situated 20 kilometers from Chandigarh. Pinjore is famous for its gardens which is a beautiful example of the terraced gardens of the Mughals. The Pinjore Gardens lie on the Ambala Simla road, near Kalka. It is planned by a Fidai Khan in the region of Jehangir.
Situated on the banks of the river Yamuna, 92km North of Delhi, Panipat is famous in Indian history as a place where the fate of great empires was decided more than once. Panipat is known for its handloom products and Panchranga Achars.
The district is connected by rail network.
Sirsa is well connected with the neighboring cities by road.
This place is famous for its math (monastery). The monks or jogis of this math claim to be the spiritual descendants of Buddha's earliest Bhikshus. They represent the Nath cult which originated as one of the Mahayana forms of Buddhism. Ancient finds of large and sculptured bricks, stone images and idols have been found here. The math runs a number of educational and charitable institutions.
Gohana in olden times was called Gavambhavana and was a place of pilgrimage. The place is said to be site of a fort built by Prithviraj Chauhan. This fort was destroyed by Ghori when he defeated Prithviraj in 1192A.D. Gohana was till recently a tehsil of Rohtak. Now it has been made a part of the new district of Sonepat.
In the Mahabharatha, Sonepat is referred as one of the five pats or prasthas which were demanded by Yudhishtar from Duryodhana. Archeologists have found evidence to indicate it to be a town of great antiquity. There are also a number of legends connected with this place.
For many years, Sonepat was a flourishing sub division of Rohtak. Now it is a separate district. It is one of the largest industrial towns in Haryana.
Palwal is identified by the Hindu pandits with the Apelave of Mahabharatha, of the Pandava kingdom of Indraprastha, tradition associates with the same period the high mound of the old site of the Aharwan, a village, few kilometers to the south-west. The oldest part covers a high mound formed by the accumulated debris of many centuries, lately habitation and streets have taken up part of the plain below.
A small village situated at a distance of about five kilometers to the east of Jagadhari in Ambala. The ruins where once this important historical town was situated suggest that it was a naturally formed strong hold in a triangular form with large number of projecting citadels on all the three angles. The city covered an extent of twelve square kilometers and included Jagadhari and Chameti on the west and Burya and Dyalgarh on the north. It lay on the important routes of northern India connecting the upper Punjab with the Genetic valley via Ambala, Saharanpur and Meerut. It was a great centre of trade and was frequented by all kinds of people - traders, invaders, pilgrims, princes and common people.
Hansi was founded by one Asa Ram Jat came to be known as Ashi and later it became Hansi. Hansi has played an important part in the history of Haryana during the mediaeval period. It has been the centre of several political conflicts. It was an important administrative unit during the Mughals. Later it became famous as the capital of the Irish adventurer George Thomas.
This town and its surrounding villages are said to have their origin in the days of Raja Anangpal, ruler of Ajmer and the grandfather of Prithviraj Chauhan. Other parts of the district came into being during the Mughal time. Later this area came successively under the control of the Marathas, The Nawab of Jhajjar and the British. Recently its Dadri Tehsil has gone to Bhiwani but Rewari from Gurgaon has been added to it.