Jamshedpur, also called Tatanagar is just 140 kms from Ranchi. Both the names come from the legendary Jamshedji Tata. Jamsehdpur is a city in India founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata as Sakchi. In 1919 Lord Chelmsford named it Jamshedpur, in honour of its founder, whose birthday is celebrated on 3rd March as Founder's Day. J. N. Tata had written to his son Dorabji Tata about his vision of a great city in the area. Located in the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand on the Chota Nagpur plateau, Jamsehdpur is surrounded by the beautiful Dalma Hills, and the rivers Subarnarekha and Kharkhai border the north & west of the city, respectively. The city recently won international acclaim when it was selected for the 2004 Global Compact City award from the UN in India, beating other contenders such as Bangalore, Pune, Chandigarh, amongst others. A true testimony indeed to its robust infrastructure, cosmopolitan outlook and strong industry. Jamshedpur is also called the Steel City. It is one of the greenest cities of India.
Jamsehdpur was home to the first private Iron and Steel company of India. The areas surrounding Jamshedpur are rich in minerals, including iron ore, coal, manganese, lime. Some of these areas are Jamadoba, Noamundi and West Bokaro. It is a modern, industrial city; the main industries being iron and steel, truck manufacturing, tinplate production, cement and other small and medium scale industries revolving around these products. The largest factory is that of Tata Steel (the erstwhile TISCO), and it is situated almost at the center of the city. The other major factory in the city is Tata Motors (previously called The Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO)- as once upon time railway locomotives used to be manufactured here - hence the name), which manufactures heavy vehicles & construction/earth moving equipment. Tata Tinplate (the erstwhile Tinplate Co. of India Ltd.) manufactures tinplate. It was originally a British company built in Golmuri,later on taken over by Tata. Most of the Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are located just outside Jamshedpur, in the Adityapur Industrial Estate.
Jamshedpur is host to one of the best business schools in India - XLRI which is known for its Personnel Management & Industrial Relations program.
Life in the city is comfortable, with all areas having 24 hours running water and electricity. Facilities are maintained by Jamshedpur Utilities and Services Company Limited(JUSCO), a 100% owned subsidiary of Tata Steel. However, areas not maintained by JUSCO experience intermittent power cuts, bad roads and government apathy. The conversational language is Hindi, though the city itself is cosmopolitan in nature. The main ethnic groups are Biharis, Adivasis and Bengalis. The major festivals are Deepavali, Holi, Durga Pooja (Dussehra), Id-ul-fitr and Christmas. Adivasis celebrate 'Tusu' and Biharis celebrate Chhat.
Sections of the city
Sakchi is the heart of the city, with the main markets and a few residential areas. Generally, the Sakchi Market is crowded and dusty.
Bistupur, an upmarket commercial area & residential township, which caters more to the middle/upper-middle class. Most of the city's showrooms & popular restaurants are situated here on the high street. Commands the highest real estate prices.
Tinplate is the factory premises of Tata Tinplate. Includes a quaint residential colony for the employees of the company.
Telco, the township is owned & maintained by Tata Motors.
Jugsalai, the area adjacent to the Tatanagar railway station.
Sidhgora, biggest water reservoir of jsr is situated here.
Golmuri, residential and market areas. The Doordarshan television tower is located here, besides a maidan where touring circuses often pitch their tents. There are plans to build an 18-hole golf course here.Akash deep shooping complex is situated here.
Birsanagar, named after freedom fighter Birsa Munda. Birsanagar is the biggest residential area in Jamshedpur. It started out as a huge squatter settlement that was later legalised.
Mango, situated across Subernarekha river, its a huge and growing residential area. Once a suburb, thanks to construction entrepreneurs it is now a property hotbed. Locations around Lake Dimna, offer the most scenic views in the City.
Kadma, a quiet residential locality next to Sonari. Situated here are living quarters for Tata Steel employees like Professional Flats, Dindli Enclave and the Kaiser Bungalows.
Sonari, houses residential layouts & the airport.
Adityapur, connected to the Steel City by Kharkai Bridge, at one time held the status of Asia's largest industrial estate. Most of the ancillaries catering to Tata Motors & Tata Cummins are located here.
Namda Basti, located at the center of jamshedpur.
Northern Town, residential area with a number of good schools located here.
The Voltas Building at Bistupur is the city's tallest commercial building
Bistupur, fashion stores; car showrooms & tony hotels & restaurants. Most of the establishments are situated on the high street. This is the downtown section of the city, close to Tatanagar railway station and Sonari Airport.
Sakchi Bazaar, the "centre" of the city.
Kharangajhar, lying at the outskirts of Telco Colony, this is the most important market for the employees of Tata Motors. It is basically a long stretch of road that has spread its tentacles into other lanes.
Azad Market, serves Telco Colony.
Plaza Market, serves Telco Colony.
Tinplate, serves Tinplate Colony & Baridih.
Agrico, serves Agrico Colony.
Baridih Market, serves Baridih.
Golmuri, the largest wholesale market for grains & foodstuff.
Birsanagar Market, known for Sundays' vegetable market.
Amar Market, in Bistupur, the latest in youth fashion & footwear.
Jawahar Market, in Bistupur, Electronics, CDs, video games & fashion.
How to reach
There is an airport at Sonari, which used to have Vayudoot flights to Calcutta. At present it is used for private /corporate airplanes and gliding lessons. Connectivity to Calcutta is soon to be reestablished through Air Deccan.
Tatanagar (Jamshedpur) is an important railway junction on the South Eastern Railway and is connected directly to all the major cities of India, viz., Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore, Patna etc. The Railway station is known as Tatanagar.
Jamshedpur is connected by road with most of the major cities in India. Regular bus services are available from Jamshedpur to Ranchi (131 km), Patna, Gaya, Calcutta (250 km) via Baharagora, Hazaribagh etc. Private vehicles are very popular, though "Mini Buses" and Auto Rickshaws are available in all parts of the town. Transportation is cheap & easily available.
||Latitude / Longitude
Jamshedpur at a glance
||86.12° E 22.47° N
||8.0 to 47.3 degrees C
||159 metres at Tatanagar
933 metres at Dalma
Places of Interest
It is situated at the heart of the city. Tata Steel presented this park to the citizens of Jamshedpur in its Golden Jubilee Year in 1958. The lush green park is spread over an area of 237.75 acres and is dotted with flowerbeds and illuminated fountains. The park has been designed around a central axis running from the founder's statue at its highest point. The focal point of the park is the breathtakingly beautiful Moghul Garden, which is inspired by the Brindaban Gardens at Mysore. Any ardent lover of roses will love the captivating Rose Garden, which houses over 1000 varieties of roses. The park's horticulture garden is renowned for its hybrids it has developed. The three coloured fountains at the center of the park attract evening visitors by hundreds and are illuminated every Tuesday and Saturday. Kids can have a ball of time at the newly opened Jubilee Amusement (Nicco) Park and Children's Park provided with swings, seesaw, skating ring, windmill etc. The latest addition to the park is "Upvan", a specially made picnic spot. Foliage Park, Smriti Udyan, Jayanti Sarovar and Tata Steel Zoological Park are some other notable sections of the park. Every year on 3rd March the entire park is lit up with lights and the resplendent fountains are specially illuminated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Mr. Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata, founder of the Tata Empire. Tourists from all over the world come to have a glimpse of the park on this notable day.
In 1937 a project was initiated to develop a park around the picturesque Bagkudar Lake, which was in close proximity to Court Buildings at Jamshedpur under the guidance of Mr. S Percy Lancaster. With the Company's Golden Jubilee in mind, the project was resumed in 1955 and its design was commissioned to Mr. B S Nirody and Mr. G H Krumbiegel who had to there credit the illustrious Brindaban Gardens of Mysore and Moghul Garden of Rashtrapati Bhawan at New Delhi. India's first Prime Minister Mr. Jawahar Lal Nehru inaugurated the park.
Tata Steel Zoological Park
A variety of flora and fauna exists in condition close to their natural habitat at the zoological park. Situated besides the Jubilee Park, it is a treat for all the nature lovers. Any one can closely observe the flourishing nature here without a microscope. Migratory Birds visiting every year during winters is equally enchanting for all the bird lovers. The park also has a beautiful lake, a boathouse and "Machaan Restaurant".
Earlier known as Jubilee Lake is spread over an area of 40 acres. The sarovar was specially dredged and deepened for boating. There is an island at the center of the lake, which adds immense beauty to the lake.
Sir Dorabji Tata Park
Manicured Lawns and flowerbeds and brilliantly lit fountains provide a delightful touch of color to the park, named in the memory of eldest son of J N Tata.. The park is situated in the center of the city close to the Keenan Stadium.
Popularly known as "Domohani" is the scenic confluence of the Kharkai and Subarnarekha rivers. Watching the glorious brazen sunset by the "sangam" of two rivers amidst the tall Eucalyptus trees is extremely enchanting. It is located at the northwest tip of the city. It was because of the unfailing water supply of these two rivers that Sakchi was chosen over Sini as the site for Tata Steel Plant.
Nestled in the picturesque and hilly terrain of Telco Colony, the lake is a delightful retreat for those desirous of being in-nature within the city precincts. A wild hill besides the lake has been specially renovated into a scenic park known as Sumant Mulgaonkar Park. One can feast his eyes with the panoramic view of Steel Industry and equally appealing sight of Tata Engineering, Lafarge Cement and Tata Powers from the hilltop. A look from the top says the complete story on why Jamshedpur is called the "Green City" first and then the "Steel City". A must see for everyone visiting Jamshedpur.
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
Dalma Mountain Range is at an altitude of 3000 feet. Lurking in the thick cover of its jungle (193 sq. km.) are elephants, barking deer, sloth beer, porcupines, leopard, tigers etc. The steep slope of Dalma are a trekker's delight. Small hideouts have been made at several places in the sanctuary where one can see wilds animals in their natural habitat. A look from the mountaintop at the city is so visually appealing at the night that it looks as if millions stars twinkling. Dalma provides natural air condition to the fuming steel city and is an important source of fresh oxygen to the citizens. Late Sanjay Gandhi inaugurated the sanctuary in 1975. On the mountaintop are the guesthouse of Tata Steel and Forest Department. There is also a temple of Hindu diety Shiva on the mountaintop and the devotees throng to it during "Shivaratri".
Located at a distance of 13 km from the city limits, at the foot of Dalma Hills, its salubrious surrounding is ideal for outing. People from all across the region come here during December-January for picnic. Tata Steel has constructed this lake as a water reservoir for its plant and the city.
Keenan Stadium, center for excellence are in vicinity of the Jubilee park. This cricket stadium has been acknowledged by many visiting cricket teams as one of the finest in the country.
Tata Football Academy
India's first football academy has an ultra modern gymnasium and imparts training based on international techniques to budding young footballers. The hostel in the sports complex can accommodate some 500 persons.
JRD Tata Sports Complex
This magnificent complex has an international size football ground with an eight-lane monosynthetic track. This is one of the best sports complex in India. Facilities for handball, volleyball, hockey and table tennis and a modern gymnasium are available at the complex. Based here are the Tata Chess Centre and the Tata Archery Academy.
Gliding And Flying Clubs
The Jamshedpur Gliding Club, the Jamshedpur Co-operative Flying Club Ltd. and the Tatanagar Aviation Pvt. Ltd. offer wide scope for 'extra terrestrial' sporting activities, such as gliding and flying. Jamshedpur has facilites for gliding and flying at the Sonari airport.
Tata Steel Adventure Foundation
The Foundation provides scope for a wide variety of adventure sports, such as rock climbing, river rafting, para sailing, etc. The 40-old adventure clubs under its umbrella maintain a hectic pace of activities for outdoor enthusiasts. There are a number of other private clubs offering a variety of sporting activities such as golf, tennis, squash, billiards, horse riding etc.
Tribal Culture Centre
The Centre showcases the ethos of our indigenous peoples. Besides imparting vocational training, it also organises tribal festivals and cultural programmes.