Home >> India Information >> Jharkhand
 Register Now 




Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand state, India. Jharkhand was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving out the districts of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas divisions of Bihar. As a part of Bihar, it used to be the summer capital from the time of the British Raj because of its cool climate.It is not very far from Rajrappa, another seminal place in the state of Jharkhand. Chhottanagpur consists of three smaller plateaus of Ranchi, Hazaribagh, and Koderma, and city of Ranchi is located at an altitude of 654 meters above sea level in the plateau of Ranchi. Ranchi was once the summer capital of Bihar. Subarnarekha river flows by the side of the city. The city as well as its immediate hinterland is endowed with several scenic spots.

District Boundary

East - Purulia and Saraikela
West - Gumla,Lohardaga and Palamu
North - Hazaribagh
South - West Singhbhum

Ranchi has a salubrious climate. Temperature ranges from maximum 37 to 20 °C during summer, and maximum 22 to 10 °C during winter. The annual rainfall is about 1530 mm.

On account of its historical position as an important administrative and military base of the eastern India during the British Raj, Ranchi developed as an important centre of trade and commerce, including a traditional base for sericulture and manufacture of shellac. Villages around Ranchi has been described as the 'vegetable bowl' of Jharkhand and truckloads of green vegetables are transported from the city to different parts of Jharkhand, Bihar, as also to Calcutta. After India gained independence, Ranchi continued to grow and a number of industrial facilities were located in and around the city, and it emerged as an important industrial center. Along with other two industrial townships of Jamshedpur and Bokaro, it completes the industrial structure of Jharkhand. Major techno-industrial facilities of Ranchi include Heavy Engineering Corporation, Mecon, SAIL's R&D Facility, High Tension Insulator factory, CCL, CMPDI, IICM, USHA MARTIN, USHA BELTRON and Shipping Corporation of India.

Important Rivers


The Subarnarekha river originates near Ratu. It flows in an easterly direction until it descends at Hundru fall , then it enters into the Singhbhum District.

South Koel
The South Koel rises near Mandar and flows in a north waterly direction for some distance. It turns towards the south near Lohardaga and flows across the Singhbhum District.

It rises in the north western part of the district near the Rajadera plateau.

The entire district of Ranchi is covered by Red soil except for a small portion in the south east which contains red and black soil.

Flora and fauna
Forests cover a considerable portion of the district. "Dry peninsular sal" is the main type of forests found. The trees found along with Sal trees are Gamhar, Asan, Kend, Simul and Mahua.

Mostly bears are found in addition to Sambhar, Chital, Nilgai, Hares.

How to reach

By Train and Road

Ranchi is linked to North, East, West and South by rail and to every important part of the country by road. Rickshaws and Tempos are readily available on Rly. Station and bus stands ([Birsa, Khadgarha bus stand and Ratu Bus Stand) to take you to any part of the city almost 24 hours, but avoid late night movements. Rickshaw and reserved tempo fare from both the stands to Albert Ekka (Firayalal) chowk is negotiable which come to Rs. 10/- and 25/- to 35/- respectively. You can have hotels to suit your purse near Rly. Station and Bus Stands. From Ranchi town to different sites of sight seeing, you can have regular bus service or you can charter taxi (private cars) or hire tempo - fare is negotiable.

By Air
Ranchi is the only city of Jharkhand which is connected by a daily airbus flight to Mumbai via Delhi, the capital of India. The flight time to, nearest airport, Patna from Ranchi is 45 minutes. It is expected that some more flights will be added soon. Kolkata, overnight by train, is the nearest international airport.

Place of interest


Rajrappa Mandir

About 65 km from Ranchi. A tourist place, has great picnic spots and famous for its temple. Click on the link to know more.

Pahari Temple
Heart of the city

Durga Badi
Near Firayalal Chowk at the heart of the city.

Angrabadi is actually, a temple complex which accommodates the temples of Lords Ganpati, Ram-Sita and Hanuman and Shiva. The Shankracharya Swami Swarupanand Saraswati, having been captivated by serene, placid and celestial beauty of Angrabadi rechristened it as Amreshwar DhamJagannathpur Temple - Built in the architectural style of Puri temples

Surya Temple
About 39 km. From Ranchi on Tata Road near Bundu stands on the desolate bush green the elegant Sun temple fashioned in the form of huge chariot with richly decorated 18 wheels and seven life like horses ready to take of. Built by Sanskrit Vihar headed by Shri Ram Maroo, the managing director of Ranchi Express, the sun temple deserves the title "a poem in stone". The surroundings of the temple, studded with a pond serving as a sacred place for Chhathavratis are actually a natures bounty to the peple of Chotanagpur. A beautiful dharmashala , meant for the pilgrims. The all weather motorable road upto the temple premises is likely to attract tourists who will be captivated to behold the newly built sun temple in the placid and serene surrounding leading to its celestial bueaties.

Ramakrishna Mission and Ashram, Morabadi, Ranchi

Ramakrishna Mission Ashram and T B Sanatorium, Tupudana, Ranchi

Rock/Park Resorts

Rock Garden/Kanke Dam

The spot has been developed into an artificial garden, complete with water falls and sculptures, to attract tourists. The rock garden is awesome in its appearance, striking a balance between the creativity of modern and ancient man.

Birsa Zoological Park (14 km from Ranchi)
Night Safari (14 km from Ranchi)

Deer Park (16 km from Ranchi on Ranchi-Khunti Road)

Sidhu Kaanu Park (Heart of the city)

Dr. Zakhir Hussain Park (Heart of the city)

Nakshatra Van (Heart of the city, near Raj Bhawan (Governor's House)

Water Resorts

Ranchi Lake

Excavated by Col. Onsely, a British Agent in 1842, Ranchi Lake is centrally situated. It is a few minutes walk from GPO and is adjacent to Ranchi Telephone Exchange. The lake taken for beautification is yet to be beautified conforming to the original concept envisaged by the Deputy Commissioner, Madan Mohan Jha. However, the lake has an added attraction of boating for the visitors.

Dhurwa Dam

Rukka Dam (16 km from Ranchi)

Aqua Home (Heart of the city)


Dassam Falls

About 40 km. away from Ranchi on Tata Road falls a village named Taimara near which flows the Kanchi river, Falling from a height of about 144 feet Kanchi river makes a pretty fall called Dassam falls known as Dassam Ghagh also encircled with charming scences. The tourists are warned not to take bath in the falls or at least be careful while bathing in the stream.

Jonha Falls
Jonha is about 40 km. away from Ranchi. The road leading to Jonha is a bit narrow but not so rough and rugged as well as arduous as that of Hundru. There is also a hospice Tourists rest house which accommodates Lord Gautam Budha's temple. This falls is named after Gautam as Gautamdhara too, it is approachable by road. The tourists can go upto Gautamdhara station by train also.

Sita Falls

Hundru Falls

Ranchi is nature's bounty to mother India which has specially been adorned with falls and streams. Hundru falls is about 28 km. aways from Ranchi town. The Swarnarekha river falls from a height of 320 feet making a wonderful scene known as Hundru falls. During rainy season it takes a formidable form but in summer it turns into an exciting picnic spot

Hirni Falls
About 70 km. From Ranchi on way to Chakradharpur is located Hirni Falls. Having situated amidst dense forest Hirni has been favoured by nature for scenic beauties. The tourists are carried away by emotions and flight of imagination while observing Hirni.


Gonda Hill & Rock Garden

About 4 km. from G.P.O., Ranchi on Kanke Road,just in fornt of the CMPDIL Hq. Is situated the Gonda Hill with a water reservoir at its top. At the foot of the hill is a big lake known as Kanke Dam and a lucrative place for tourists.

Jagannathpur Temple & Hill
About 10 km. From Ranchi G.P.O. is another sight seeing place where the tourists can rejoice and worship. The old temple of lord Jagannath ,built in 1691 in the architectural style of Puri Temple stands like a fort on the top of the in the hill. Its car/chariot festival held light part on Ashadhmas draws a big crowd comprising of tribals and non-tribals. HEC township nearby is an added attraction.

Ranchi Hill
Ranchi, being situated at an altitude of 21,40 feet from sea level, is a popular health and holiday resort and a place of sacred pilgrimate.Some comely sights in the town include Ranchi Hill,Tagore Hill,Ranchi Lake etc.A panoramic view of the town can be behond from the hill top.The Shiva Temple situated on the top of the hill,is an added attraction for the devotees for whom it assumes the places of reverence during Shravanmas same as that of Baijnath Dham (Deoghar).

Tagore hill
About 3 km. from the Ranchi G.P.O. the Tagore Hill is about 300 ft. high. As the hill is associated with a history pertaining to Tagore family, it is known as Tagore Hill. A number of books are supposed to have been written by Rabindra Nath Tagore on the top of the hill. At the foot of the hill are situated the Ramakrishna Mission Ashram and its office and center of Divyayan and agrarian vocational institute.

Tribal Research Institute and Museum
The museum exhibits life and history of tribal people of Chotanagpur.

Ranchi at a glance
Latitude 23.23 N
Longitude 85.23 E
Area (in sq. km) 7574.17
Height from sea level (in feet) 2140 ft
Temperature (in degree centigrade) Winter(Min 10.3 Max 22.9)
Summer(Min 20.6 Max 37.2)
Rainfall (in mm) 1530 Annual
Climate Summer, Winter and Rainy Seasons
Main Tribes Oraon,Munda
Main minerals Lime Stone,Coal,asbestos and ornamental stones etc.
Main crop Rice,Millets,Pulses and oil seeds.
Languages spoken Hindi, Nagpuri,Oraon,Mundari and Kurmali
Important Rivers Subarnarekha, South Koel and Sankh
Nearest Railway Station Ranchi
Nearest Airport Ranchi
National Highway passing through Dist. NH-33 and NH-23
Population density 362
Population (2001 Provisional)
Total 2783577
Male 1436423
Female 1347154
Total 1806682
Male 916230
Female 890452
Total 976895
Male 520193
Female 456702
Total 1537826
Male 941317
Female 596509
Growth of Population (1991-2001)
Total 25.72 %
Rural 21.79 %
Urban 33.70 %
Sex Ratio (2001)
Total 938
Rural 972
Urban 878
Govt. Health Infrastructure at Rural level
No. of FRU 3
No. of PHC 20
No. of Addl. PHC 30
No. of Health Sub 502
Govt. Health Infrastructure at Urban level
No. of Hospitals
Allopathic 3
Indian System of Medicine 1
No. of dispensaries
Allopathic 8
Indian System of Medicine
Unani 3
Ayurvedic 15
Homeopathic 2
No. of PP center 3
No. of FW Center 1
Total No. of Primary Schools
Govt. 1268
Aided 123
Total No. of Middle Schools
Govt. 378
Aided 91
Total No. of High Schools
Govt. 90
Aided 38
Total No. of Higher Secondary Schools
Govt. 14(included in High Schools)
Geographical Area 769250
Net Sown Area 276091
Forest Area 136543
Non-agriculturable barren land 39516
Agriculturable barren land 28006
Permanent Pastures Grazing 6543
More than one crop sown area 36231
Current fallow land 201489
Total Irrigated Area 36644.5
Personnal Tube Well 9.5
By Cannal 8082.0
By Lift irrigation 15.0
By Well 21445.0
By Pond 1134.0
Others 5959.0

Seasonal Crops Sown (In Hectares)
Crops Kharif Rabi Garma Total
Paddy 252923     252923
Wheat 4953     4953
Maize 6199 7   6206
Pulses 38914 5857   44771
Oil seeds 4722 4234   8956
Vegetables 622 16226 5164 27812

Fruit sown (Area in Acre)
Mango 2351.45
Jack fruit 177.84
Guava 129.89
Banana 0.33
Litchi 36.15
Others 204.41
Potato 553.82
Onion 790.39
Peas 2017.56
Brinjal 1288.69
Tomato 1893.86
CauliFlower 1363.85
Gourd 864.72
LadyFinger 1567.22
Leafyvegetables 294.49
Others 950.00
Coriander 43.25
Zinger 83.85
Garlic 317.81
Chilli 101.69

Administrative Setup
Subdivision Block Panchayat Village  
      Inhabited Unhabited
Ranchi Kanke 27 104 0
  Ratu 20 83 1
  Chanho 13 67 0
  Mandar 16 69 0
  Lapung 9 78 1
  Burmu 21 92 0
  Bero 22 99 0
  Namkum 18 94 6
  Ormanjhi 13 89 2
  Angara 19 91 1
  Silli 19 106 3
Khunti Rania 7 66 1
  Murhu 13 141 0
  Torpa 13 95 0
  Karra 17 178 0
  Khunti 13 143 1
Bundu Arki 13 127 1
  Bundu 9 87 1
  Sonahatu 17 101 0
  Tamar 20 128 1
    319 2038 19
STD Code   0091-651