Carved out of Kollam district in November,1982, Pathanamthitta is bordered by the Western Ghats on the east, Kollam district on the south, Alappuzha district on the west and Kottayam and Idukki districts on the north. More than half of its area is covered by forest land. The district has a prominent place in the supply of hill produces in the State. The river Pamba flows through this land. A large portion of this distrist, then the eastern part of Kollam district, was set apart for the Idukki Hydroelectric Project as well as for ex-servicemen, harijans and tribals. To provide better facilities for these people, this place was sought to be developed socially and economically.
|Pathanamthitta at a glance :|
|Area||2731 sq km|
|Altitude||500 - 1000m above sea level|
|Climate||Tropical monsoon, seasonally excessive rainfall, Hot summer.|
|Best season||August to March|
The nearest airport is at Kochi, 152 km away.The Trivandrum international airport is 236 km to the south via Kottayam. Motorable roads link Pathanamthitta to other places in Kerala. Kottayam, for instance is 76 km away.
Situated 72 km from Pathanamthitta town and 191 km from Thiruvananthapuram and 210 km from Kochi, Sabarimala is one of the most famous pilgrim centres in India. It is situated on the mountain ranges of the Western Ghats at an altitude of 914m above sea level and is accessible only by foot from Pamba (4 km). The temple is dedicated to Sree Ayyappa. People of all castes and creeds are permitted into the temple. However, entry is not allowed to women between 10 and 50 years of age. November to mid January is the pilgrim season when two important events of Mandalapooja and Makaravilakku are held. The temple stays closed during the rest of the year except for the first five days of every Malayalam month and during Vishu (April). Thiruvalla about 102 km Km away is the nearest railway station.Maramon Convention
The River Pamba again plays host to a famous annual religious convention on its golden sands at Maramon. This mammoth religious convention of the Christians attend by people belonging to all communities is the largest of its kind in the world. It takes place in February every year and is addressed by speakers of international repute. The convention lasts for seven days.Cherukolpuzha Convention
Ayiroor Cherukolpuzha religious convention is another important annual feature on the river bed of Pamba. This famous Hindu religious convention is attended by a large number of people and addressed by prominent religious scholars and cultural personalities.Chandanakkudam Festival
Chandanakkudam Festival of the Jama - Al Mosque at Pathanamthitta also attracts thousands of devotees. It is held in February every year. The festivals at Kattur Mosque in Cherukos and Kalamala mosque near Adoor are also famous. The religious conventions and festivals in Pathanamthitta district are admirable examples of religious amity and communal harmony.Kaviyoor
Located about 5 km east of Thiruvalla on the banks of the river Manimala, Kaviyoor is famous for its temples. The Kaviyoor Trikkukkudi Cave Temple, also known as the Rock Cut Cave Temple, is of historical importance and is preserved as a monument by the Archaeological Department. It bears close resemblance to the Pallava style of architecture and has prompted historians to date it to a period as early as the eighth century AD. The engravings here are among the earliest specimens of stone sculptures in Kerala. Enshrined in a square cave is the main deity of the shrine Lord Siva represented in the ' Sivalinga' which is about three feet high and carved out of rock. The shrine also has idols of Ganapathy, Maharshi and Dwarapalakas. Another noted shrine in Kaviyoor is the Hanuman Temple which stands on a small hillock and is built in the gable style architecture peculiar to Kerala. Thiruvananthapuram International Airport is about 119 km from Pathanamthitta.Niranam
Situated 7 km from Thiruvalla, this famous church is believed to be among one of the seven-and-a-half churches originally established by St. Thomas (52 AD) in Kerala. This church displays a marked influence of ancient temple architecture and is a renowned centre of worship for the Christian community. This is also the birth place of the poets and social reformers popularly known as the Karnassa Kavikal. The St. Thomas art gallery here has been built by an Ecumenical body known as Niranam Thomathu Kadavu Smaraka Trust. Niranam is also famous as the birthplace of a band of 14th century poets known as the Niranam Kavikal or Kannassa Panikkars. They were renowned for their many translations from Sanskrit to Malayalam, the most illustrious being 'Kannassaramayanam', a translation of the epic Ramayana. Nearest railway station is at Thiruvalla and Thiruvananthapuram International Airport is about 119 km.Malayalapuzha
The goddess at the Bhagavathy Temple here is believed to grant boons to devotees and help them realise dreams. The temple has beautiful wall paintings and artistic stone carvings. It is situated 8 km from Pathanamthitta.Thiruvalla
The headquarters of the Malankara Marthoma Syrian Church. The Paliakara Church here has some exquisite mural paintings. The Sree Vallabha temple in Thiruvalla is perhaps the only one in Kerala where Kathakali is performed as a ritual offering everyday.Pandalam
As a holy town, Pandalam is perhaps second only to Sabarimala. Sree Ayyappa, the presiding deity of Sabarimala had his human sojourn here as the son of the Raja of Pandalam. The Valiyakoikal Temple near the palace on the banks of river Achenkovil has been modelled on the Sabarimala shrine. Pilgrims usually stop here to worship before proceeding to Sabarimala. Three days prior to the Makaravilaku festival, the sacred ornaments of Sree Ayyappa are taken in a procession from Pandalam to Sabarimala. Nearest railway station is at Chengannur, 14 km away.Manjanikara Church
Mar Ignatius Elias III, the holy patriot of Anthiod while on a visit to India, died at this place in 1932. His mortal remains are preserved at this church. Later this place developed into a pilgrim centre. The annual festival ( ormaperunnal) is held in February.Pathanamthitta town
This is the district headquarters. The town is a land of religious and cultural harmony, where a number of churches, temples and mosques can be found close to each other. The annual Chandanakudam festival at the mosque in the heart of the town is a major event.Omallur
The Rakthakanta Swamy Temple and the annual cattle fair held in the Malayalam month of Meenam are the main attractions of Omallur. People from both within and outside the State participate in the fair. It is 5 km away from Pathanamthitta.Kadamanitta
The Kadamanitta Devi Temple is famous for the ten day long Padayani performances held in connection with the annual festival in April/May. It is 8 km away from Pathanamthitta.Parumala
The Ormaperunnal (commemoration day) of Mar Gregorios Metropolitan, the declared saint of Malankara Orthodox Church, is celebrated on the 1st and 2nd of November here. It is 10 km away from Thiruvalla.Kodumon Chilanthiyambalam
The water of the Chilanthikinar (well) in the premises of this temple is believed to cure skin diseases. Kodumon is also the birth place of Sree Shakthi Bhadra, author of Ascharya Chudamani. It is 15 km away from Pathanamthitta town.Aranmula
The Parthasarathi Temple (dedicated to Sree Krishna) on the banks of the holy river Pamba attracts large crowds of devotees. The famed Aranmula boat race is held on the last day of the week long Onam festival. The Vijnana Kalavedi at Aranmula imparts training in the traditional arts like Kathakali, classical dances, classical music, as well as Kalaripayattu. Foreign tourists stay here for long periods to get a first hand knowledge of the culture of Kerala. The Parthasarathi Temple here has fine murals from the 18th century. Chengannur is the nearest railway station which is about 1O km away. Thiruvananthapuram International Airport is about 115 km away.
36 km from Pathanamthitta via Vachoochira, the Perunthenaruvi waterfalls on the banks of the Pamba river, is a favourite picnic spot for both domestic and foreign tourists.Moozhiyar
11 km from Pathanamthitta, an agricultural region, Konni is rich in cash crops like rubber, pepper, coffee, ginger etc. It used to be a centre for training elephants. Konni is also known for its elephant rides and the Anakoodu where elephants are tamed and trained for work.Kakki Reservoir
Tigers, elephants and monkeys can be sighted in the forest surrounding the reservoir.Monuments
This picturesque hill station offers a panoramic view of the nearby valleys. A camp house on the hill provides comfortable lodging.
The memorial to Muloor, a renowned social reformer and poet, is located at Elavumthitta. It is 12 km away from Pathanamthitta.Pamba
This is the main halting point on the way to Sabarimala. It is also known as Thriveni Sangamam - the meeting point of three rivers.Vasthuvidya Gurukulam
The Vasthuvidya Gurukulam, a school constituted by the state Cultural Department is situated at Aranmula, 16 km away from Pathanamthitta town. The main objective of the gurukulam is the preservation and promotion of vasthuvidya and mural paintings. It also aims at the renovation and conservation of traditional buildings and mural paintings. Vasthuvidya is the ancient science of Indian architecture which is a pure and ethnic expression of Indian socio-cultural heritage. The gurukulam conducts a one year Post Graduate Diploma Programme in vasthuvidya, in addition to a four month training course in the application of the principles and practices of vasthuvidya for the craftsmen engaged in the construction industry. The gurukulam has a consultancy wing for designs and constructions based on the principles of vasthuvidya. Chengannur is the nearest railway station about 10 km away. Thiruvananthapuram Airport is about 119 km from Pathanamthitta.Uthrittathi Boat Race
The Uthrittathi Boat Race on the River Pamba near the Parta Sarathy Temple at Aranmula is annual cultural feat to the tourists and the people of Kerala. Uthrittathi which comes after every Thiruvonam in August - September is the day of this prominent cultural event. The boat race commemorates the crossing of River Pamba by the Lord Partha Sarathy. All the snake boats in Kerala participate in the colourful ritual which really is a treat to the eyes.Arranmula Mirror
The famous metallic mirror of Aranmula is universally noted for its excellence in craft. Bell metal is tamed, tempered and polished to give a mirror like reflection. This noted handiwork stands out as a symbol of excellence in traditional metallic craft in Kerala.