Anuppur District situated in the north eastern part of Madhya Pradesh, This District came into existence on 15th August 2003 by re-organising Shahdol District. Anuppur District has total area of 3701 sq. km, which extends 80 km from east to west and 70 km from north to south. District Anuppur is surrounded by Koria District (C.G.) in east, Shahdol & Umaria District in west, Shahdol District in north and Dindori (M.P.) Bilaspur (C.G.) in the south. District anuppur is predominantly hilly district. The river Narmada originates from amarkantak situated on the maikal hills which gives beautiful view to the District. River Son & Johilla also orginate from the maikal Hills. According to 2001 census, the total population of Anuppur district is 667155, Out of which 309624 are scheduled tribes and 48376 are scheduled castes, In this manner, Anuppur District is a tribal dominated district. The living standard of tribals is very simple. Their houses are made of mud, bamboo sticks, paddy straw and local tiles. Tribal men wear Dhoti, Bandi, Fatohi and head gear. Women wear saree named kaansh saree in the local dialect. The saree is always of body colour. Women in tribal community prefer to get their body parts hands, legs and neck encovered with colours. They wear different kinds of ornaments made of bamboo, seeds and metals. Total literacy Percentage of District is 57.75 in which male is 69.55 and for female it is 45.45. One third of the district consists of forest area. Sal Amla , Teak , Sarai and Shisham are the main trees found in this District. The flower of Mahua and Guli provide us edible oil. Mahua flower is mostly used for making wine by tribal people. District Anuppur is very rich in its mineral resources. Minerals found in district are coal, Bauxite and fire clay. Most of the Coalmines are located in Kotma sub division. Amarkantak is known for its Bauxite deposits. According to the 1998 survey, there are 106 industries ( Large Scale & Small Scale ) in the whole district. The Orient paper Mill and Soda Factory are situated in Amlai. Small Scale industries of polythene and Baskets of Bamboo are also run in the district.
The climate of the District is temperate. It rains from June to October in the District. The temperature remains the highest in the month of June and the l owest in the Month of January. The maximum and minimum temperature of the District remains 46oC and 2.6oC respectivily
The town of Amarkantak lies in the newly created district of Anuppur, in Madhya Pradesh. It is situated on the Maikal mountain range which links the Vindhyachal and Satpura mountain ranges, at about 1067 meters above mean sea level. The population of the town as per 2001 census is around 7000. Many mythological stories relating to Lord Shiva and his daughter Narmada have been woven around this mystical town of Amarkantak. Amarkantak is known primarily as a religious place. The holy rivers Narmada and Sone originate from here. Another important river Johilla, too originates from Amarkantak. There are about 12 temples here devoted to Narmada maiyya. The forests surrounding Amarkantak are home to various invaluable medicinal plants like brahmi, gulbakawali, safedmusli, kalimusli, tejraj, bhojraj, patalkumhna, kali haldi, devraj, hatahjodi, jatashankari, ashta gandha. At present the local vaids use them to make herbal remedies, some of which are well known for their potency. Besides attracting devotees of all sorts due to its religious importance, Amarkantak, because of its picturesque/rustic location, rich vegetation and moderate climatic conditions, attracts many tourists from nearby areas. The temperature of Amarkantak varies from 25 degree centigrade to -2 degree centigrade around the year. The period from the month of July to the month of September can be termed as the rainy season. Due to its beautiful locale and pleasant climate, Amarkantak has vast potential of being developed as a hill station attracting tourists of all kinds. All roads from Amarkantak within 3 Km radius are excellent trekking routes where one can behold the beauty of nature in its breathtakingly untouched form.
Amarkantak is 71 Kms from Anupppur, which is an important railway junction of the south eastern central railway. Amarkantak is at a distance of 320 Kms from Jabalpur and 265 Kms from Rewa by road and around 100 Kms. from Shahdol. Jabalpur, Rewa, and Shahdol are all railway stations. The nearest railway station from Amarkantak is Pendra, which is 65 Kms from Amarkantak. Pendra is in Bilaspur district of Chhatisgarh state. One can also reach Amarkantak by air. There is a permanent helipad at Amarkantak. There is also an airstrip at Lalpur in district Shahdol. From Lalpur, one can reach Amarkantak by road. (90 Kms).
Narmdeshwar temple which has a holy kund made at the source of river Narmada is the most important temple at Amarkantak. The Bhonsles of Nagpur built this temple. Maharaja Gulab Singh belonging to the Baghel dynasty of Rewa constructed the outer boundary wall of the temple complex. There are about twenty small temples in the premises of the Narmada Mandir each one of which is important in its own way. There is the Sati temple, which is, devoted to Parvati. The Archaelogical Survey of India has declared this group of temples (Karna matha temples) a protected site. A few years ago, an idol was stolen from this protected site, which was recovered later; however, since then, the ASI has shifted the idol from this temple .The religious significance of this town has attracted people from various sects and religions and as a consequence, many ashrams of various sadhu-mahatamas have come up in Amarkantak over the years.Mai Ka Bagiya
About one Km from the main temple, there is a garden, which lies in a densely forested area. It is popularly believed that the Narmada devi used to pluck flowers in this garden.Sonmuda
The point of origin of the Sone river. It is also a "sunrise" point.Bhrigumandal
It is around 3 Kms from Amarkantak on a difficult forest trek route. It is believed that Bhrigu Rishi meditated here. The Parasvinayak and Chandi caves are on this route.Kabir Chabutra
Saint Kabir spent time here in meditation.Jwaleshwar Mahadev
The origin of river Johilla. There is a temple deep in the forest ofJwaleshwar Mahadev . There is a 'sunset point' close to this temple.Kapildhara
At a distance of 8 Kms from the origin of river Narmada, the river falls from a height of 100 feet creating a waterfall known as Kapildhara. It is believed that the Kapil rishi meditated here.Dudhdhara
At a distance of 1 Km from Kapildhara there is another beautiful waterfall on the river Narmada called Dudhdhara.Shambhudhara & Durgadhara
Two other extremely beautiful waterfalls are situated deep in the forest. One has to walk a few Kms to see these breathtaking waterfalls.Sarvodya Jain Temple
This temple is under construction. It is considered a construction marvel. Cement and iron have not been used in this temple and the weight of the idol to be placed in the temple is around 24 Tones.
Rewa lies between 24'18 and 25'12 north latitudes and 81'2 and 82'18 east longitudes in the north-east of the division of the same name . The district is bounded on the north and east by the state of Uttar Pradesh, in the south Sidhi district and in the west with Amarpatan and Raghurajnagar tahsils of Satna district. In shape the district can be compared to an isosceles triangle, with its base along the Satna border and the two longer arms converging towards Mauganj in east. The district can be divided into the four natural parts-kymore pahar, Binjh Pahar, Rewa Plateau and Lower-Northern Plain .The Huzur, Sirmour and Mauganj tehsils lie between the Kymore on the south and the Vindhyachal or Binjh pahar on the north and from what is known as Rewa plateau or uprihar. To the north of the Vindhyachal in the uprihar lies Teonther tehsils which is quite different with regard to its physical and other features from the plateau tehsils. Rewa is basically a plateau and from the south to the north its height decreases. In the south the height of Kymore range is more than 450 meters, whereas the height of Alluvral plain of Teonthor is just 100 meters. In the district, dissected hills, ravines, plain plateau, scarp, water-fall and alluvral plain can be seen. Most of the rivers in the district intitrate from the Kymore ridges which form the watershed for the area.
The District of Satna is situated between latitudes 23" 58' and 25"12' north and longitute 80"21' and 81"23' east in mid northern part of Rewa Commissioner's Division in Madhya Pradesh state of India. The districts takes its name from Satna, the head quarters town, which in its turn takes it from Satna Rewa which flows near the town. In the north the district boundary marches with that of Banda District of Uttar Pradesh state. Eastern Bombay of the district runs with the Teonther, Sirmour and Huzur tehsils of Rewa district. The entire western boundary of the district is made by Panna district while the southern boundary abuts on the Murwara tehsil of Jabalpur district in the west and Bandhogarh tehsil of Umaria district and Beohari Tehsils of Shahdol district on the east. Satna district lies on Vindhyan Plateau, which has an average altitude of 1000' to 11000'. The southern portion of Nagod Tehsil below 24"30' north latitude is a hilly country consisting of a tangled mass of low hills, and enclosing considerable stretches of level ground. The height of the plateau enclosed by these hills is from 1700' to 1800' generally but occasionally, some of the hills in the south of the tehsil rise to more than 800 feet in height above the plateau. The general slope of the country of the tehsil is towards the east, inclined towards the north in the centre of the tehsil. Tons, Son, and Paisuni are the important rivers of the district draining it into the Bay of the Bengal through the Ganga. The Kymore and the Panna hills act as water-divides. Most of the rivers flow towards the east, with an inclination towards the north. The Simrawal and the Satna rivers are, however, inclined towards the south. Tha Kaimurs, the Panna hills, and the Vindhyachal ranges, all belonging to the Vindhya system together with their spurs constitute the principal hills of the district. Forest in the district are included in the Rewa forest division with headquarters at Rewa. Forests, which are mostly mixed forests cover an area of 900 square miles in the district, extending over four ranges with headquarters at Satna, Majhgawan (both in Raghuraj Nagar tehsil) Nagod and Maihar. Teak (tectona grandis) occurs in about 10 square miles of Satna range, 8 square miles of Nagod range and 5 square miles of Maihar range. There is no Sal (Shorea robusia) in any one of the ranges. Bamboo is found in all the ranges. Other trees that occur in the district are saja (Terminalia tomentosa), salai (Boswellia serrata), tendu (Diospyros tomentosa), Woodfordia floribunda, Khair (Acacia catechu), etc. Common animals found in the forests are tiger (felis tigris), panther (felis pardus), sambhar (Rusa unicolor), chital (Axis axis), wild bear (Melursus ursinus), deer, etc.
The year is more or less clearly divided into three seasons; namely the hot season extending roughly from middle February to middle June; the rainy season from middle June to September. Satna district receives its rainfall from the precipitation of the Arabian sea monsoon. The downpour, as well as the number of rainy days are maximum in the months of July and August. And the winter from November to middle February. The month of October witness the transition from the rainy to the cold weather.
Satna is connected by Train as well as by Bus route through Bombay-Hawarah Train route and National Highway No.7 through Maihar-Amarpatan & State Highway Chhatarpur-Rewa respectively. The nearest Airport is at Khajuraho which is approximately 130 kilometres from Satna connected through Chhatarpur- Satna Road.
Satna district is proud to have two major religous tourist places of Chitrakoot & Maihar. Satna district is also proud to have an ancient city of Buddhist culture named 'Bharhut', whose archeological remains have been gifted to the major museums in the country and the world. Tulsi museum at Ram Van has many unique artistic sculptures of ancient times found in this area. Lord Shiva Temple at Birsinghpur is also a famous and old temple in the region. To have Darshan and offer prayers in the famous temple of Birsinghpur, the devotees can reach by road from Satna.
Shahdol District is situated in the North-Eastern part of the Madhya Pradesh provinces of India. Because of the division of the district on 15-8-2003, the area of the district remains 5671 Sq. Kms. It is surrounded by Anuppur in the east, Mandla and Bilaspur in the south, Satna & Sidhi in the north and Umaria in the west. The district extends 110 Kms from east to west and 170 Kms from north to south. This district is situated between 22o38' N latitude to 24o20'N latitude and 30o28' E Longitude to 82o12' E longitude. The District headquarters was shifted from Umaria to Shahdol after the merger of princely states took place in 1948. District Shahdol is predominantly hilly district. It is picturesque with certain pockets and belt of SAL and mixed forests. With lush green forests, natural wealth of Coal, Minerals and with primitive tribal population, the district Shahdol is situated among the range of Vindhyachal and heading fast in development track. One third part of the district is covered with forest. Sal, Amla, Teak, Sarai and Shisham are the main trees found in this district. The flower of Mahua and Guli provide us edible oil. Maura flower is mostly used for making wine by tribal people. Paddy, Kodo, Kutko and Maize are the crops of the district. Til, Mustard and Groundnut are the main oilseeds produced here. The farmers have started the production of Sunflowers and Soyabean. In the central and southern part of the district, paddy is the main Crop grown and in the North-West Wheat is the main crop grown. The district has vast reserves of Coal mines. A number of rivers including Son and Murna flow in the district. Maikal mountain range is extended from Southern part of the district to the Eastern part. This district is divided into 04 Tehsils, 05 Janpads and 391 village Panchayats. There are 02 Nagarpalikas and 04 Nagarpanchayats. One no. 132 KV sub-station and 9 nos. 33/11 KV sub-stations are working for efficient supply and proper voltage maintenance of electricity in Shahdol District. According to the 1998 Survey, there are 116 industries (Large Scale & Small Scale) in the whole district. The famous Orient Paper Mill is situated in Amlai. Small Scale industries of Polothene and Baskets of Bamboo are also run in the district. There is vast expansion of education in the district. In about 95% villages, the facility of Primary Schools is available.
The District is located in the north-eastern part of the Deccan Plateau. It lies at the trijunction of Maikal Ranges of the Satpura Mountain, the foot of the Kymore Range of the Vindhya Mountain and a mass of parallel hills which extend over the Chhota Nagpur plateau in Bihar. In between these hill ranges lies the narrow valley of the Son and its tributaries. Since the Kymore Range extends along the Son just across the northern boundary, the District may be divided into three physiographic divisions. They are :The Maikal Range
The climate of the district is temperate. It rains from June to October in the district. The temperature remains the highest in the month of June and the Lowest in the Month of January. The maximum and minimum temperature of the district remains 46oC and 2.6oC respectively.
District Shahdol is very rich in its mineral resources. The important coal field in the district is Sohagpur coal field. The Barakars in this area are about 3100 Sq. kms. Four coal seams have been recorded from the lower Barakars whereas a few thin seams are reported from Upper Barakars. The Lower Barakar coal of lower ash content and better quality as compared to that from Upper Barakars. In general the coal is of low rank, high moisture, high volatiles and non-cocking type. A reserve of 4064 million tonnes has been estimated from this field. Good plastic clay deposits occur near Jamuni and Hinota. Ochers deposit in the Shahdol district is reported from Bagaiya. Marble deposits are found near villages Pasgarhi, Bagdari and Paparedi. Details of the deposit to be under search in these areas.
District is very backward in the field of agriculture. Tribals of the district prefer the cultivation in the old traditional method. The size of the fields are very small and mainly the tribals are marginal farmers. The yearly yield of the products from the fields are not enough for their home use. Hence, for the rest part of the year they work on daily wages. Being mountaneous area, irrigation facility is available only to 9 % cultivated area.
According to 2001 Census, the total population of Shahdol district is 908148, out of which 391027 are Scheduled Tribes and 67528 are Scheduled Castes. In this manner, Shahdol district is a Tribal dominated district. The living standard of tribals is very simple. Their houses are made of mud, bamboo sticks, paddy straw and local tiles. Tribal men wear Dhoti, Bandi, Fatohi and head gear. Women wear Saree named "Kaansh" saree in the local dialect. The saree is always of body colour. Women in the tribal community prefer to get their body parts hands, legs and neck encovered with colours. They wear different kinds of ornaments made of bamboo, seeds and metals.
|Shahdol at a glance|
|Area||5671 Sq km|
|Population Growth Year||17.61 %|
|Literacy Rate Total||53.96 %|
|Male Literacy||66.41 %|
|Female Literacy||41.05 %|
|Child Death Rate||87 child per 1000 (13.7 % in the 0-5 years)|
|Large Scale & Small Scale Industries||116|
|132 KV sub-station||1|
|33/11 KV sub-stations||9|
|Pakki road||955.4 Km|
|Kachhi road||1707.59 Kms|
|Head Post Office||1|
|Community Health Centres||5|
|Primary Health Centres||31|
|wool Production Centre||1|
|Facility of Hand Pumps||831 villages|
|Shops working under Public Distribution System||387|
There is a Virateshwar temple of Lord Shiv in Sohagpur Vanganga. Kalchuri King Maharaja Yuvraj Deva had got it built between 950 A.D. and 1050 A.D. to present it to the Acharya of Golkaki Math. Many Archaeologists consider this temple as the temple of Karn Deva. When one reach the campus of this 70 feet height temple one will find the beautiful example of Kalchuri Age architecture. When one ascend the five steps of the terrace of this temple, one will find welcoming Nandi and Lion. The statue of Mahavir, Shiv and Parvati in dancing posture, the statue of Saraswati, Ganesh, Vishnu, Nrisingh, Vyal, beautiful young woman taking out a thorn, fighting men, Lord Krishna playing flute, beautiful erotic postures related to Kamsutra, Vinavadini, Ardhnarishwar are fascinating. Having the statues of Agni Devata, Panchlokpal, Batuk Bhairav, Amrut Bhairav, Nag Couple etc. this temple is the beauty of District.
Madhya Pradesh Handicraft and Handloom Development Corporation Ltd. Chhatwai District Shahdol Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh Handicraft and Handloom Development Corporation is a very important developmental undertaking of Madhya Pradesh Government. The main objective of the Corporation is to promote traditional crafts, to establish new crafts, to provide the agriculture labourers an additional source of income and to provide self-employment to unemployed young men and women by training them in crafts. Chhatwai - Shahdol branch of Madhya Pradesh Handicraft Development Corporation was founded in 1989-90 and 700 craftmen have been trained in different crafts so far. Special attention was given to Carpet craft. Carpet crafts men are regularly provided employment through job work after training. Produced carpets are sold through the Emporium of the corporation and exporters. So far, 50,000 Sq. feet carpet has been produced. Bamboo craft and wood craft have already been started in Shahdol. There are 150 weavers in Sohagpur and Burhar blocks. There are a number of new Handicraft Schemes proposed in Shahdol. Among these proposed Schemes, Chhatwai Branch has undertaken the job of exporting 15,000 Sq. feet Carpet to Sweden. Besides this, a new Craft of Chindi Dari is also going to be started shortly.
Covering 448 sq. km., Bandhavgarh is situated in Shahdol district among the outlying hills of the Vindhya range. At the centre of the park is Bandhavgarh hill, rising 811 m above MSL. Surrounding it are a large number of smaller hills separated by gently sloping valleys. These valleys end in small, swampy meadows, locally known as 'Bohera'. The lowest point in the park is at Tala (440 mt above MSL). The vegetation is chiefly of Sal forest in the valleys and on the lower slopes, gradually changing to mixed deciduous forest on the hills and in the hotter, drier areas of the park in the south and west. Bamboo is found throughout. This is a small National Park; compact, yet full of game. The density of the Tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India. This is also White Tiger country. These have been found in the old state of Rewa for many years. The last known was captured by Maharajah Martand Singh in 1951. This White Tiger, Mohun, is now stuffed and on display in the palace of the Maharajahs of Rewa.
The forest of Bandhavgarh can be classified as moist deciduous, and the National Park holds all those animal species which are typical of this habitat in Central India. Certain areas of the park (particularly the south and the west) are drier in character, and hold such species as the Nilgai and the Chinkara. Bandhavgarh is densely populated with tiger and other wildlife species. The great Gaur, or Indian Bison, can be seen with ease, as they come onto the meadows to graze at dusk; Sambar and Barking Deer are a common sight, and Nilgai are to be seen in the more open areas of the park. There are more than 22 species of mammals and 250 species of birds. Common Langurs and Rhesus Macaque represent the primate group. Carnivores include the Asiatic Jackal, Bengal Fox, Sloth Bear, Ratel, Gray Mongoose, Striped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Leopard and Tiger. The artiodactyls frequently sighted are Wild Pigs, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Chausingha, Nilgai, Chinkara and Gaur. Mammals such as Dhole, the small Indian Civet, Palm Squirrel and Lesser Bandicoot Rat are seen occasionally. Among the herbivores, Gaur is the only coarse feeder.
The vegetation along streams and marshes is rich in bird life. The common ones are Little Grebe, Egret, lesser Adjutant, Sarus Crane, Black Ibis, Lesser Whistling Teal, White-eyed Buzzard, Black Kite, Crested Serpent Eagle, Black Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Common Peafowl, Red Jungle Fowl, Dove, Parakeets, Kingfishers and Indian Rollers. Reptilian Fauna include Cobra, Krait, Viper, Rat-snake, Python, Turtle and a number of lizard varieties, including Varanus.
There are two main ways of getting about in the park- in a motor vehicle or on elephant back. Many of the animals are now accustomed to both; even so, it is best to talk quietly and not make rapid movements. Jeep safaris are best undertaken from dawn until about 10am and from about 4pm until dusk, as the animals are most active during these periods. A Forest Department guide must always accompany you. This guide will be able to direct you and point out wildlife. Elephants are used every morning by the Forest Department for Tiger- tracking. If a Tiger is found, then the elephant will take you directly to the Tiger either from the lodge or from a nearby point reached by jeep/car.
February to June, although the cool season is much more comfortable and still very good for wildlife. The park is closed from July 1 to October 31 because of the monsoon. For those planning a visit, a stay of at least three nights is recommended in order to have a good chance of seeing the more elusive animals - although, of course, a brief visit will also be very interesting.
Cottons, but bring woollens as well, as early mornings and evenings can be chilly, especially in a moving jeep and in the cool season. Try not to wear loud colours.
The nearest airport is Jabalpur (164 km), also the most convenient route to Bandhavgarh is by air to Khajuraho from where it is a five and a half hour drive (237 km). Though long, the drive is interesting. The road rosses the Ken river, some stretches of which have been declared a crocodile sanctuary famous for Ghariyal, a rare fish eating crocodile. It then goes past Panna town, famous for its diamond mines, to Satna, the midway point from where it branches off on a subsidiary road across ridges of the Vindhyachal to Bandhavgarh.By Train
The nearest railway stations are Jabalpur (164 km), Katni (102 km), and Satna 120 km) on the Central Railway and Umaria (35 km) on the South-Eastern Railway.By Road
State / private transport buses ply between Katni and Umaria and from Satna and Rewa to Tala (Bandhavgarh). Taxis are available at Satna, Jabalpur,Katni, Umaria, Bilaspur ( 300 km) and Khajuraho.
No records remain to show when Bandhavgarh Fort was constructed. It is thought, however, to be some 2,000 years old, and there are references to it in the ancient books, the Narad-Panch Ratra and the Siva Purana. Various dynasties have ruled this fort: for example, the Maghas from the 1st century AD, the Vakatakas from the 3rd century; the Sengars from the 5th century and the Kalchuris from the 10th century. In the 13th century AD, the Baghels took over, ruling from Bandhavgarh until 1617, when Maharajah Vikramaditya Singh moved his capital to Rewa. The last inhabitants deserted the fort in 1935.
Sidhi district is located on the Northeastern Boundary of the state between 22'',47''5'' and 24.42''10'' North Latitude and 81:18''40 and 82''48''30 East longitude. The total geographic area is 10,532 sq. Km. The district stretched between 155 km from East to West and 95 km from North to South. Sidhi District is one of the Six district of Rewa Division in Madhaya Pradesh. As the district situated in the North-eastern boundary of the state, it is also known as the Northeastern frontier of the state. It is a repository of natural, historical and cultural history. This district is Known for luxuriant natural resources with the river Sone draining the district. Singhrauli is a major source of natural resources like coal which fed the major industries all over the country. The Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station has a wide coverage for electricty supply. On one side the spectrum of its pluristic socio-cultural diversity and ethnic history of tribal, the district has a panoramic view of the Kaimur, Kehejua and Ranimunda hills blazing with flowers of flame of forest and intoxicated by the sweet smell of mahua flowers.
Sidhi district is situated approximately 632 km from the state capital Bhopal and 80 km from Divisional Head Office.
|Sidhi at a glance|
|Schedule Caste Percentage||11.9|
|Schedule Tribe Percentage||29.9|
|Geographical Area||10536 SqKm|
|Legislative Assembly Area||01|
|Vidhan Sabha Area||06|
|Block/ Janpad Panchayat||08|
|Higher Secondary and High School||100|
Umaria district is located to the North East of Madhya Pradesh. It is surrounded by Shahdol in East, Katni in West, Satna & Rewa in North and by Dindori in South. It has geographical area of 4548 sq.km. The greatest length of the district is about 150 km. from north to south and the greatest width is about 60 km from east to west. The population of the district on the basis of 1991 census is 420815. Out of which about 83% population resides in rural areas. The district has extensive forests. About 42% of the total area is covered by forests only. Main Kharif crops are Paddy, Maize, Kodon, Jowar;main Rabi Crops are Wheat, Gram, Rape, Mustard and forest crops are Teak, Tendu, Mahua, Harra. The District is rich in minerals. The most important mineral found in the district is coal and as a result 8 mines are being operated by South Eastern Coalfield Limited in the district. Umaria was formerly the headquarters of the South Rewa District and thereafter the headquarters town of the Bandhavgarh tehsil.
Umaria is situated at a distance of about 69 Km. from Shahdol, the parent district. Metalled roads connect the town with Katni, Rewa Shahdol etc., on which regular buses ply. Umaria is also a railway station on the Katni-Bilaspur section of the South-Eastern Railway. Places of Interest in Umaria town Near the railway station stands a Siva temple, known as the Sagara temple. It was an old shrine, recently remodeled. Its main gates are still intact with beautiful stone statues, carved in Khajuraho models. Near about is Jwalamukhi temple. about 6.5 km away from the town, there is another temple with similar carvings of the Khajuraho pattern. It is known as the Mariwal temple. Umaria is famous for its coal-mines, which were opened in 1881 by the Government of India and transferred to the Rewa Darbar in the same year, mainly to meet the requirement of railway at Katni.
Legend has it that Lord Rama bequeathed the fort to his brother Laxmana, hence the name "Bandhavgarh" which means brother's fort. At the base of the fort is the monolithic statue of Lord Vishnu reclining on the seven hooded snake, known as Sheshshaiyya . Statues of all the incarnations of Lord Vishnu can be seen in the fort area. The fort is surrounded by 32 man-made caves which have inscriptions, carvings and paintings. Bandhavgarh area was the favourite hunting reserve of ex-rules of Rewa State, hence it remained completely protected from poaching and illicit felling. After abolition of States, degradation of this area started. Deeply soared from this situation, late Maharaja Martand Singh of Rewa prevailed upon the M.P. Government to declare an area of 105 sq. km. as National park in 1968. Area of the park was extended to 448.84 sq.km. in 1982 and in 1993 it was declared a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger. The altitude of the area varies from 440m to 811m above mean sea level. The rock is feldspathic sandstone that soaks rainwater and releases it through springs that feed many perennial streams and lead to the creation of marshes in the low lying meadows. The major streams of the park are Charanganga, Dammar, Janad and Umrar. The diverse mix of habitats in Bandhavgarh supports a corresponding plentitude of fauna. Its luxuriantly rich ecosystem provides amply for everyone - from the tiny butterflies to the majestic tigers. The park has earned a worldwide reputation for tigers and their unusually high density here is a pleasant surprise for wildlife lovers. According to bio-geographic classification, the park area lies in the zone 6A-Deccan peninsula, Central highlands. The important prey species consists of chital, sambhar, barking deer, nilgai, chinkara, wild pig, chowsingha, langur and rhesus macaque. Dependent upon them are the major predators like tiger, leopard, wild dog, wolf and jackal. The lesser predators are fox, jungle cat, ratel, palm civet, and mongoose. Besides them, other mammalians present are sloth bear, porcupine, Indian Pangolin, variety of bats including the giant fruit bat, Indian tree shrew, and many other species of rodents. The avifauna is also well represented. More than 250 species of birds have been recorded with the park. The raptors are mainly represented by crested serpent eagle, shaheen falcon, bonnelli's eagle, shikra, marsh and hen harriers. There is a good population of malabar pied hornbill, particularly in the fort and its vicinity. Peafowls, painted and grey partridge, red jungle fowl, sarus crane, lesser adjutant stork, large racket tailed drongo, brown fish owl, paradise flycatcher, green pigeon are quite common here. Bandhavgarh, with its abundance of streams, marshes, woodland edges and wild flowers, is a paradise for butterflies. Over 70 species have been recorded here which include the common rose, blue tiger, striped tiger, great eggfly, common crow, common and mottled emigrant, spot swordtail, peacock pansy and orange oakleaf. Water pools and marshlands are the abode of dragonflies and damselflies. The forest falls within the tropical moist deciduous belt, dominated by sal and bamboo which form varying mixtures with each other and other usual associates like Saja, Dhawara, Arjun, Mahua, Achar, Amla, etc. Depending upon rock, soil type, slope and moisture. Intermingling grasslands, locally known as "baheras" provide good habitat for herbivores and hunting cover for predators.
Entrance to the park is form Tala, A small village on Umaria-Rewa state highway. Private transport buses are available from Umaria (32 km.), Amarpatan (80km.), Shahdol (102km.) and Rewa (105km.) to reach Tala. Nearest railway stations are Umaria (32km.), Jabalpur (164km.), Katni (92km.) and Satna (120km.). Jabalpur (164km.) and Khajuraho (237km.) are the nearest airport.There is a four room Forest Rest House at Tala. Four tents of Forest Department are also available at a very reasonable rate.
Bandhavgarh is the name of tehsil in Umaria District. Formerly it was the capital of the Bandhavgarh Kingdom of the Magha dynasty, then the head-quarters of the tehsil. At present its headquarters is Umaria.The fort of Bandhavgarh is a place of considerable archaeological and historical importance. It is a natural impregnable fort and stands on a hill, at an attitude of about 2430 metres above sea-level. The Bamnia hill is also a part of the fort, because it is enclosed by a rampart. The fort is on the Rewa-Umaria road, at a distance of about 41Km from Umaria Town.Chandia Khas
Chandia is situated on the Umaria-Katni road, at a distance of about 21 km. from Umaria. The railway station of Chandia Khas, known as Chandia railway station. The most important spot of Chandia Khas is a small temple, enshrining Goddess Kalika. Her mouth is wide open, but her out-stretched tongue is broken. There is also an old temple of god Rama and his consort Janaki. It was the seat of Thakur of Chandia. A small fair meets at Suraswahi Chandia for 3 days in February/March, on the occasion of Shivaratri.Pali Birsinghpur
Pali is situated on the Umaria-Shahdol road, at a distnace of about 36 km from Umaria. Another road goes from Pali to Mandla via Dindori. Pali is also a railway station, and there is a rest house for the tourists to stay. The Station is known as the Pali-Birsinghpur station. Near the railway station there is a temple, enshrining Birasinidevi. By popular belief she is Goddess Kali, represented here as skeleton Goddess, but with her mouth closed. Many remains of old jain idols kept here in some Hindu temples. The annual fairs are held both in October and March, on the occasion of Navaratri, near the temple of Goddess.
|Umaria at a glance|
|Total Area||4548 Sq km|
|Forest Area||2372.35 Hectare|
|Single cropped area||112053 Hectare|
|Double cropped area||29779 Hectare|
|Longitude||23o38' to 24o02' North|
|Height||80o28' to 82o12 South|
|Latitude||489 m (from Sea-level )|
|Average Rainfall||1093 mm|
|Average Max Temperature||46.2 oC|
|Average Min Temperature||1.8 oC|
|Schedule Tribe||227250 |
|Total Literacy||32.63 %|