The capital city of Maharashtra State, formerly known as Bombay lies in the southwestern part of India. Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra and the economic powerhouse of India. As the world's largest textiles market, a major industrial centre and the country busiest port handling over 40 percent of India maritime trade. Mumbai, the largest metropolis in India, is an island city connected by bridges to the western coast of the Indian mainland. The principal part of the city is concentrated at the southern claw-shaped end of the island and is known as South Mumbai. This is where most attractions, businesses and tourist facilities are located. It includes Colaba, the Fort, Church gate, Nariman Point, Marine Drive, Chowpatty and Malabar Hills.
Mumbai is known as the city of dreams, fantasies and fairy tales. To many, Mumbai is the glamour of Bollywood cinema, cricket on the maidans on weekends, bhelpuri on the beach at Chowpatty and red double-decker buses while Mumbai city also contains a very true and determinant prospective of life too, recognizable in the pictorial world of country's technological and financial background. It's an exhilarating city, fuelled by entrepreneurial energy, determination and dreams. Mumbai established itself as a country's major textile market. Apart from humble cotton, it now produces fine wools, silks and synthetic fibres. Mumbai is the commercial centre of India's large diamond industry and a major exporter of gems.Mumbai, the commercial capital of India, the home of Bollywood that churns fantasies and dreams and unreality. Mumbai is the center of India's huge Hindi film industry, producing 120 feature films a year. Much of the glamour associated with the city stems from its celebrated position as the dream-factory of the nation. The local film industry is known as Bollywood.
Mumbai pulsates with activity. It is a city that is disciplined by no time frame-neither by day nor night. Mumbai is also the country's financial powerhouse, the nation's industrial heartland, and its economic nerve centre. Dazzling shopping arcades, exciting sport activity, night clubs and discotheques, theatre and music, gourmet restaurants and interesting sightseeing - Mumbai offers the visitor a heady mix of all this and more.
Bright lights, neon signs, fast cars, beautiful people, the city never sleeps. It is a city of instant changes, constant changes, a city of opportunities, a city of fortune. It is where tomorrow stands today. In Mumbai one will face different shades of life. Mumbai has many slum areas and within it, each individual respects the personal space of another. There are no divisions, no differences, no advantages, no qualifications : only your ability to deliver.
As you visit Haji Ali Mosque at Worli and see standing proudly on a raised walkway in the middle of the sea it will give you the feeling that the Gods are there if everything else fails. At night, there will be a backdrop of twinkling lights from the skyscrapers that are so much a feature of Mumbai's skyline. You will face stalls selling fruit-juice, ice-cream and snacks to the crowds thronging the beach as you go to the Chowpatty Beach. At Marine Drive your spirits will be restored. In many parts of the city flash cars and mobile phones are as common as street kids or beggars, and Mumbai loves to claim it has more millionaires than Manhattan. Flush with money, the city has an established social elite and an entertainment hungry middle class, which mean diversions are never in short supply. Sixteen million people from all over India are wedged into Mumbai and after a short stroll you will feel like you have rubbed shoulders with and bumped into every single one of them.
The size of the population means the city has enough social problems to last a lifetime, but its spirit is irrepressible and it has personality by the bucket load. As the cultural bridgehead between east and west, whatever happens in the rest of India tends to happens first in Mumbai, and it usually happens with the maximum amount of swank and noise. Mumbai lives and breathes cinema, enjoy a rollicking nightlife, boasts the best seafood restaurants in South Asia and has more shops and bazaars than you could ever hope to explore.
Mumbai, renowned for its spirit of religious tolerance and their people, is a cosmopolitan city where Hindu, Muslim, Parsi, Jain, Budhist Christian and Jew mingled peacefully and worshipped side by side. A large number of people from different parts of the country come to settle in this city every year and Mumbai continues to grow, to absorb and most importantly to prosper.<
Mumbai is a melting pot of many regional Indian cultures. Its residents come from diverse ethnic and social backgrounds. Mumbai contains a cross section of the people of India it is like a mini India. If you walk in Mumbai, you will hear a babble of languages you cannot understand, but all Mumbities communicate in their Mumbai Hindi.
Nightlife in Mumbai is best described by the fact that Mumbai is a city that never sleeps. Trendy 'pubs' and discos or nightclubs are located in the Fountain/Colaba area and the suburbs too have plenty to offer. Many restaurants double up as bars and nightclubs and stay open till late hours. For those on a budget, the local beaches such as Chowpatty and Juhu have a life of their own during the nights, and often people are found strolling on the beachfronts enjoying the cool breeze. Both serve as playgrounds, open-air restaurants and amusements parks.
in Mumbai extends from mid-October to the end of February. The thermometer invariably peaks around 33o C, the sky is clear and the humidity bearable. Winter nights are temperate rather than muggy.<Summer
lasts from March through to mid-June and Mumbai is very hot and humid at this time. Monsoon lasts from mid-June to mid-October. Getting around can be a problem since flooding and transport failures are common; boats to Elephanta Island do not operate on stormy days. The big advantage of the monsoon is the Ganesh Chaturthi Festival, which takes during late August and early September.<Best time to visit
Mumbai can be visited any time of the year, though the hot and humid months of June, July and August are best avoided. Budget and mid-range accommodation becomes hard to find and process occasionally rise between mid-December and early January as thousands of backpackers pass through on their way to and from Christmas celebration in Goa.
Mumbai's International Airport is at Sahara (30 kms) & Domestic Airport is at Santacruz (26 kms). Most of the International Airlines, Indian Airlines, & many other private airline touch Mumbai & connect it with the major cities of India and abroad. Sahara International Airport is an important point of entry for many foreign airlines, and nearby Santa Cruz Airport serves domestic flights. Mumbai handles about 60% of the international and nearly 40% of the domestic air traffic in India.<Rail :
Mumbai (Bombay) is the railhead for the Western and Central Railways, and trains from the city carry goods and passengers to all parts of India. Intra city trains in Mumbai are very good, and are the fastest and cheapest way to move around in Mumbai. Two suburban electric train systems provide the main public transportation and they daily convey hundreds of thousands of commuters in the metropolitan region. <Road :
Mumbai (Bombay) is well connected by a network of roads to the rest of India. Intra city bus services are also very good.
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|Mumbai At A Glance:|
|Districts||Area(sq km )|
|Area||603 sq km|
|Languages||Marathi, Hindi, English|
|Time Zone||GMT/UTC plus 5.5 hours|
|Summer Max.||34o C|
|Winter Max.||30o C|
|Winter Min.||19o C|
|Rainfall||212 cms (June to September)|