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Places of Interest

Places of Interest in Khasi Hills

Cherrapunjee (Sohra)

Better known as Sohra, Cherrapunjee is one of the most visited tourist spots of northeastern India. Situated 56 Kms from Shillong and 1300 metres above sea level, known all over the world as the rainiest place on the planet. A pleasant drive to see roaring water falls leaping into deep gorges, including the famous Nohsngithiang falls is certainly an ever memorable visual treat. The lovely town is also famous for its limestone caves, orange, honey, a headquarter of the Syiem of Sohra and a Centre of the Khasi Culture and literature. The oldest Theological College in this region is located here, established by the Welsh Presbyterian Missionaries in 1888, known as Cherrapunjee Theological College. Extensive limestone caves abound, with a large number of stalagmites and stalactites inside, the full length and breadth of the caves has not been adequately explored. In addition, the natural beauty is complemented by springs and sacred forests. 12 Kms from Cherrapunjee is situated a beautiful Park 'Thangkharang'. Besides housing a bird sanctuary, the spot commands an imposing almost 180 degree view of the plains of Bangladesh. The ideal time to visit is during the monsoons when the gorges become resplendent with several seasonal waterfalls.

Water Falls

Mawsmai Falls

About two kilometeres to the south of the David Scott Monument at Sohra lies Mawsmai village located on the edge of the mawsmai Ridge. Mawsmai was the ancient seat of the Sohra Syiemship(Kingdom). Close to this village, on the ledge of the Mawsmai Ridge stands a conspicuous Observation-Tower, from where one gets an unforgettable view of the famed Mawsmai Falls whose waters cascade down for over seven hundred feet to join the swift river below, leaving an indelible impression on every visitor. The falls are also known as Nohsngithiang Falls. The mist covered hillocks in the gorge below the falls and the distant sparkling expanses of water over the plains of Bangladesh, provide a view of unparalleled beauty.

Dain Thlen Falls

Located near Sohra (Cherrapunjee) there exists a gentle but beautiful waterfall known as Dain Thlen Falls or the falls where Thlen was butchered. Thlen is the khasi name for Python, which according to local legend and belief personifies evil, nay the devil himself. Legend has it that once upon a time, the people decided to rid themselves of evil, hunted down the Thlen and captured it from the depths of a deep rocky crevice. The Thlen was then dragged to the wide flat rock sover-looking a gentle waterfall and butchered there. A mighty feast was prepared and the entire community partook of the flesh of the Thlen. One selfish individual, however, steal-thily hid a few pieces of the Thlen's flesh for his later use. Unfortunately for human society, the Thlen rejuvenated himself from these few pieces and evil filled the world again. Axes used by the people as they butchered the Thlen made deep scars on the surface of the flat rock where Thlen was butchered. These axe-marks are still intact and visible. Ever since, the waterfall at this place has been known as Dain Thlen Falls or the falls where Thlen was butchered.

Thum Falls

Thum Falls on the river Kynshi which is about 60 metres high and situated near Dilingim village offers a wonderful sight. At the base is a beautiful pool surrounded by hard rocks on three sides.

Weinia Falls

Weinia Falls on the same river Kynshi and quite near to the Thum falls is another scenic cascade. It is quite deep(depth not yet ascertained) and water vapour rising up from the bottom of the falls, in sunlight, form the colours of the rainbow. Both the sides of the falls is surrounded with rocks of different shapes, sizes and colours. Massive step-like structures formed by natural agencies are also seen on one side of the falls.

Angshiang Falls

Langshiang falls formed immediately after the confluence of the diverged streams of the Kynshi river, is situated near Sangriang and can be viewed prominently from Mawpon village. It presents a breathtaking scene to the nature lovers, who admire the challenges of adventure


Shillong Peak

An ideal picnic spot, 1965 metres above sea level and 10 kms from the city, offers a panoramic view of these country side, and is also the highest point in the State. In the evening the city lights below appear like a star-studded abyss.

Sohpetbneng Peak

1,343 meter, 20 Kms from Shillong, regarded as sacred by the Hynniewtrep people, is set amidst a beautiful scenic view against the backdrop of a sacred forest. This 'Navel of Heaven' as per Khasi mythology is a heavenly peak, which offers to fill the spiritual void and emptiness, to those who seek and desire solace and peace of mind.

Diengiei Peak

Located to the west of the Shillong plateau, Diengiei Peak is just two hundred feet lower than Shillong peak. The peak presents a spectacular view of green mountainous hills. The captivating hills are dotted with tiny shining villages. Diengiei Peak is accessible by the Umiam-Union Christian College-Mawmaram motorable road which takes off from National Highway-40 at Umiam. Atop Diengiei, a visitor is greeted with a commanding view of the Umiam lake with the city of Shillong in the background. On the top of Diengiei, there is a huge hollow, shaped like a cup, which some geologists believe could be the crater of an extinct pre-historic volcano.

Kyllang Rock

Located about eleven kilometres off Mairang, is a steep dome of red granite rising to an elevation of about five thousand and four hundred feet above sea level. According to geologists, the hard red granite rock is several million years old. The rock is accessible from its northern and eastern flanks, but inaccessible from its southern flank where its slope exceeds 800 over an incline of about six hundred feet. The southern side of Kyllang Rock is encumbered with enormous detached blocks of rock, while its northern side is clothed with dense forests, containing age-old red Rhododendron trees and oaks besides bushy, white Rhododendron trees which are not found elsewhere.

Lakes and Picnic spots

Ward's Lake

Ward's Lake is century old picturesque lake also known as Polok Lake. Located in the heart of the city, popular for short garden walks and boating. The local people however prefer to call it Nan Polok (Polok's Lake) after an executive engineer named Mr. Pollock. It has a most pleasant, winding walk-a-way all around its parameter set in cobbled sand stones, in the midst of picturesque, rolling flower beds and fairyland lighting. The lake has a striking arched bridge over it.

Umiam Water Sports Complex

The Water Sports Complex has been developed upon the mighty reservoir of the Umiam Hydro Electric Project, at Umiam, 16 kilometres before reaching Shillong. The campus consists of a beautiful Orchid Lake Resort, the Nehru Park. Besides it offers a wide choice of exciting water sports activities with row-boats, paddle-boats, cruise-boats, sailing-boats, water-scooters, speed-boats and a floating restaurant with ferry services.

Botanical Garden

A secluded but captivating spot with a plethora of indigenous and exotic plants and is located just below the Ward's Lake. It also houses a mini-aviary with rare and colourful species of birds. The secluded setting of the Botanical Garden with its well-laid paved walks makes it a favourite resort for city dwellers as well as tourists who desire to exercise their limbs.

Lady Hydari Park

Lady Hydari Park, stretching over a km is replete with roses and blossoms of exquisite hues and colours, is a feast to eyes. Owes its existence to Lady Hydari, the wife of an erstwhile Governor of Assam. It has an excellent mini zoo cum deer park.


An enigmatically beautiful pool with wide, rocky sand banks located on a stream alongside the Umroi-Bhoilymbong Road is known as Dwarksuid or Devil's doorway. Its lotus-like rock formations are captivatingly scenic and unforgettable.

Natures own Museum - Sacred Forest Mawphlang

Only 4 km from Shillong, close to almost all large Khasi and Jaintia villages of yore, one finds a Forest-Grove variedly known as Ki Law Kyntang (Sacred forest), Ki Law Adong (Prohibited forest), Ki Law Shnong (Village forest) and Ki Law Kynti (Private forest). The sacred-groves which have been preserved since time immemorial, are in sharp contrast to their surrounding grasslands. These groves are generally rimmed by a dense growth of Castanopsis kurzii trees, forming a protective hedge which halts intrusion of Pinus kasia (Khasi pine) which dominates all areas outside the sacred groves. Inside the outer rim, the sacred groves are virtually Nature's Own Museum. The heavily covered grounds have a thick cushion of humus accumulated over the centuries. The trees in every sacred grove are heavily loaded with epiphytic growth of aroids, pipers, ferns, fern-allies and orchids. The humus-covered grounds likewise harbour myriad varieties of plant life, many of which are found nowhere else. One of the most celebrated sacred-groves of the State is the grove at Mawphlang about 25 kilometres off Shillong. This particular grove has for long years been a reservoir of interest for eminent and internationally known botanists. The sacred-groves which make a unique contribution to the flora of the State are undoubtedly of immense interest to all naturalists.


140 Kms from Shillong, a place of scenic beauty. Ranikor is one of Meghalaya's most popular spots for angling, with an abundance of carp and other fresh water fish. Huge golden mahseers, the pride of the anglers are available here.


96 Kms from Shillong, is a border town, where one can have a glimpse of the neighbouring country of Bangladesh. The colourful annual boat race during spring at the Umngot river is an added attraction.

Nongkhnum island - the hidden beauty of the west

Nongkhnum Island is the biggest River Island in Meghalaya and the second biggest island in Asia, after Majuli Island in Assam. Located about 14 Kms from Nongstoin, the district hqs. of West Khasi Hills, it is 20 to 25 sq. kms in area. Travelling on foot from Nongstoin through the villages of Lawse, Mawduh and Mawthar, it takes about two and a half-hours to reach the Island. There is a wooden bridge over the Weinia Fall to enter the Island. The Island is formed by the bifurcation of Kynshi River into the Phanliang River and the Namliang River. At the point of divergence, there is a beautiful sandy shore about 100 sq. meters in area. The Phanliang River forms a beautiful lake adjacent to the sandy beach. This lake is about 400 to 500 sq. meters. The River then moves along and before reaching a deep gorge, forms a pretty fall about 60 meters high, called Shadthum Fall. At the bottom of the fall, there is a beautiful pool where a variety of fishes can be found. It then continues its journey and finally reunites with the Namliang River, near a place called Thongrin. The Namliang River first flows towards the north and then changes its course towards the west. It then reaches a gorge and forms two narrow falls. The first one is called Riatsohkhe fall and is near Mawthar village. The second one is the wonderful and beautiful Weinia fall, which is about 60 meters high. The River then flows further west till it reunites with the Phanliang River on the western rocky shore and then flow towards the west. After a distance of about 10 kms from the Island, it reaches the deepest gorge and forms the longest fall in the region of about 335 to 340 meters high, called Langshiang fall.

The area surrounded by the two Rivers, i.e. Phanliang and Namliang forms the Nongkhnum Island. Within the Island, there are big trees and areas of grassland and natural playground suitable for playing football and golf and even for landing a helicopter. There are plenty of fishing pools, especially near the sandy shore, called Wei-Phanliang. Angling is the only way to enjoy as well as protect the fishes.


Bishop and Beadon Falls

Both cascade down the same escarpment into a deep valley, the mass of water dissolving into misty sparks.

Elephant Falls

12 kms on the outskirts of the city the mountain stream descends through two successive falls set in dells of fern-covered rocks. At a short distance beyond the falls, there are two smaller falls which are none the less beautiful and captivating. These are the Wei Iaplam Falls and the Wir Phang Falls. A well paved footpath and a small wooden bridge facilitate access to these falls.

Spread Eagle Falls

Located within the Shillong Cantonment, on the outskirts of the city, lies a sparkling waterfall which looks like an eagle with wings spread. Hence the name Spread Eagle Falls. The falls is locally known as Urkaliar or the falls into which Ka Liar slipped. A soothing setting amidst the calmness of nature - a treat to the eyes.

Sweet Falls

Situated near Happy Valley at a distance of about eight kilometers from Shillong. It resembles a straight pencil of water emerging from a large size water pipe, as it drops vertically over a distance exceeding two hundred feet. Most suitable for a day's outing and picnic.

Crinoline Falls

Located in the heart of the city adjacent to the Lady Hydari Park with its mini zoo, lies the Crinoline Falls which cascades through its jungle path. At the foot of the falls there is a well maintained Swimming Pool which caters to swimming enthusiast of all ages. Beside swimming there is an attached restaurant and regular evening programmes are arranged for the benefit of tourist and visitors.

Noh Kalikai Falls

A few kilometres to the west of Sohra (Cherrapunji), a clear bubbling stream emerges from its steep mountain bed to hurl down a rocky precipice, into a deep gorge, creating a captivating view of breathtaking beauty. The cascading waterfall compares favourably with the well known Job Falls of South India. Located near Cherrapunjee are the Kshaid Dain Thlen Falls or the falls where the mythical monster of Khasi legend was finally butchered. Thlen is the khasi name for a mega monster, which according to local legend and belief personifies the devil himself. Axes used by the people as they butchered the Thlen made deep scars on the surface of the flat rock where Thlen was butchered. These axe-marks are still intact and visible.

Caves in Khasi Hills


56 Kms from Shillong and is known for the Giant Stalagmite formation shaped into a "Shivalinga" and found inside a cave known locally as 'Mawjymbuin' One and half Kilometres off the right hand side of the Shillong Mawsynram - Balat - Ranikor Highway, very near Weiloi Village, once comes across a unique geological formation called "Symper Rock". It is an almost flat topped loaf-shaped rocky dome, which rises sharply from the midst of the surrounding hillocks. From its base, one has to take an exciting uphill trek to reach the summit of the rock. From the top of the hill one can see the gorgeous surrounding hills and valleys and the plain and fast moving rivers of Bangladesh.

Krem Mawmluh

The cave is situated approximately half a kilometre west of Cherrapunjee adjacent to the small hamlet of Mawmluh. This cave interestingly has a five river passage with impressive proportions. With a length of 4503 m it is currently the 4th longest in the Indian sub continent.

Krem Phyllut

Situated in village Mawsmai, south of Cherrapunjee. The cave has a large section of fossil passage, two stream ways and three entrances. Length - 1003m.

Krem Soh Shympi (Mawlong, East Khasi Hills)

It has a large pothole entrance of 20m deep. The cave passage is very large with numerous formations at one end. Length - 760m.


Located at a distance of 58 kms from Shillong.

Krem Dam

It is the largest sandstone cave in the Indian sub-continent. It has a very large entrance with a stream entering the cave and running down its main passage. Length -1297m.


64 Kms from Shillong, a potential health resort having gushing hot-spring of sulphur water, believed to have curative medicinal properties. People from all parts of the region flock to the hot-spring at Jakrem for bathing themselves in its waters.


Golf Course

Shillong Golf Course is considered to be the "Glen-eagle of the East" at the United States Golf Association Museum. The site where the Golf Course is located provides a scenic view. It was set in an undulating valley covered with thick groves of pine and rhododendron trees at an altitude of 5200 ft in 1898 as a 9 (nine) hole course and later converted into a 18 (eighteen) hole course in 1924 by Captain Jackson and C. K. Rhodes.

State Museum

The State Museum is located in the state central library premises with a good collection of artifacts of North Eastern India in general and Meghalaya in particular.

Museum of Entomology

Located at Sillong, this place is a treasure house of various kinds of exquisite Meghalayan butterflies and insects, some of which are bred and reared by naturalists and then preserved. The most beautiful and sought after Meghalayan butterfly is 'Kaiser-I-Hind'.

Shillong Cathedral

As if to justify the desire of the British founding fathers of the city of Shillong to make it a little England, churches and cathedrals, large and small, have come up everywhere in the city. Some of these churches and cathedrals are so spacious and large that they can easily accommodate a few thousand worshippers, at a time. Among such large churches of Shillong, mention can be made of the Shillong Cathedral, the Mawkhar Presbyterian Church, the jaiaw Presbyterian Church, the Laitumkhrah Presbyterian Church and the All Saints' Cathedral, as prominant landmarks of the City.

Megaliths or Monoliths Site at (Iew, Shillong) Laitlyngkot

At Laitlynglot, a place of about 25 kms. from Shillong by the side of the Iew Shillong. There are groups of clustered menhirs (Mawbynna Shynrang) and dolmens (Mawbynna kynthei) of very impressive sizes. The biggest of these menhirs is about 5 meters in height, 1.50 meters in breadth and 0.05 meters in thickness. The Largest of these dolmens is about 9.25 meters in length, 3.25 meters in breadth and 0.50 meters in thickness. Altogether, there are about 60 menhirs and 20 dolmens in a cluster. Historically, the monument is said to have been associated with the establishment of the Iew Shillong market. Their date of construction could not be determined. The menhirs and the dolmens are examples of the unpolished stone technology or culture and may be of great help to the scholars in the study of stone technology transition.

Crematorium of the ancient Sohra Chiefs (Syiems) at (Pomsohmen) Cherrapunjee,

At Pomsohmen, a hamlet of Cherrapunjee (Sohra) situated at about 52 kms. from Shillong, exits two structures of cultural importance, one is the crematorium of the mother of the ruling Syiems (chiefs) known as & quot;Ka Syiem Sad& quot;. The structures were built of fine stone masonaries and measuring about 20 feet in length,12 feet in breadth and 8 feet in height. These Crematoria were built around the year 1856. According to customs, the successor of the deceased Syiem/chief would have to perform cremation rituals of his predecessor. Until and unless this ritual was being performed or completed and which was usually done with the prescribed pomps and honours, the successors of the deceased Syiem (chief) would not be considered by the people of the chiefdom as the full-fledged Syiem (chief) but as acting Syiem. However since 1926 this customary ritual could not be performed mainly because it involves enormous expenditure and time. This ritual is found only in Sohra chiefdom and not in any other chiefdoms of the Khasi tribe of Meghalaya.

Places of Interest in Jaintia Hills

Caves in Jaintia Hills


Jowai, the headquarters of the Jaintia Hills district is situated 64 Kms away from the national highway. A picturesque town circled by the majestic Myntdu River. In the vicinity of Jowai are numerous thrilling caves & caverns used as hideouts during war time between Jaintia Kings and foreign intruders. The villages of Amlarem, Pdengshakap, Syndai and Nongtalang are dotted with such caves and caverns.

The Cave of Eocene age ( Krem Um-Lawan )

A beautiful cave of the Eocene Age with an upper fossil passage and a lower active passage. It has numerous cataracts and waterfalls. It is presently the longest (6381m) and deepest (106.8m) cave in the Indian sub-continent.

Ka Krem Pubon Rupasor or The Rupasor Cave

It is the second largest among the caves of Syndai. It consists of a number of large halls replete with resplendent stalactites and stalagmites.

Krem Kotsati

This cave has 8 entrances with the main entrance through a deep pool. Portions of the beautiful river passage have to be traverse by swimming or by using inflatable rubber boat. Length: 3650m.

Krem Umshangktat

The entrance passage of 350 metres offers a comfortable stroll on moist sand. The last stretch requires a mild climb across fallen limestone blocks and debris to reach the collapse do line of the upper entrance. By the collapse there is a belly crawl passage which eventually terminates in a sizeable chamber. Length: 955m.

Krem Lashinng (Pdengshakap, 37 kms from Jowai)

A massive cave measuring 50m wide and 40m high.) Due to the huge amount of sticky and slippery mud in the cave, the best period to visit would be Feb/March. Length: 2650m.

Krem Sweep (Syndai - 47 kms from Jowai )

The cave is situated just a few minutes walk from behind the village school in a depression. It has beautiful stalactites and stalagmites. Length: 970m.


Thadlaskein Lake

56 Kms from Shillong. According to legend this lake was dug with the ends of bows by members of 290 clans of U Sajiar Niangli, a rebel general of Jaintia Raja, to commemorate the great exodus of the clans. It is a historical lake and a beautiful spot for outing, boating and picnic.

Nartiang Ancient Sites and Remains, Jaintia Hills District

Nartiang is about 30 Km north to Jowai in the Jaintia Hills district of Meghalaya. Archeologically and historically the place is considered to be of great importance for the State and the country. The place is found to consist of many archeological sites and remains. They are as follows:

The Monoliths Site

It is a cluster of the famous and impressive Nartiang megaliths or monoliths covering a wide complex of nearly 100 meters in diameter. The tallest and biggest of the monoliths is about 8 meters in height, 2 meters in breadth and 0.46 meters in thickness. Bordering in the north is the Nartiang weekly bazaar. The site is one of the most significant symbolic wonders of the megalithic or monolithic culture in the country as a whole and had been also declared as the Monument of National Importance& quot;. The Monument is said to be associated with the establishment of Nartiang as the second hills capital as well as the principal market kingdom.

The Ruin Royal Palace

cOn a hillock to the south, about a kilometer from the site of the megaliths or monoliths complex is located the site of the ruin royal palace with large premises with an alignment planned to be encompassed with brick walls on all sides. However, this ambitious plan could not be undertaken. The only part that was completed was a portion of the said brick wall facing north with an arch gate provided at the middle.

The Durga Temple

Inside the complex, just a few yards from the main gateway is situated a temple dedicated to the goddess Durga. It is said that in this temple human sacrifice had been performed in ancient days.

The Shiva Temple

The forth site is a Shiva temple situated on the top of a hillock over-looking the village about 300 meters. It is located on the west of the Durga temple. Inside this temple, old guns used by the Jaintia Rajas as their weaponry are being kept till date.

The Borghat Historical and Archeological Remains

Borghat is a beautiful little village situated on the east bank of the blue river Myntdu in the south of the Jaintia Hills district, Meghalaya at about 80 kms from Jowai. The navigability of the Myntdu river with other parts of the Surma valley had made the place into a prospective commercial depot where traders from the hills and the plain of the erstwhile Jaintia kingdom could meet for commercial transaction. The place consists of the following ancient remains:

The Ruin Royal Palace

The ruins of this structure situated on the east bank of the river Myntdu just south of the present Borghat village under the shade of big Banyan trees. The ruin was possibly due to the passage of time. But the most important factor was probably due to the continued action caused by the havoc of the Myntdu river during the rainy season especially when the Myntdu river had changed its course towards the east.

The Royal Temple

This temple is a very simple and austere looking Bengal type structure made of bake brickbats and situated right in the heart of the present Borghat village. The proper Temple is enclosed by a rectangular brick wall of 100 X 70 meters with an entrance at the south portion. Some portions of the wall are still intact while the southern portion is in dilapidated state.The Temple is still standing in good shape and prayer/pujas are still being offered by some casual visitors.

Syntu Ksiar

Syntu Ksiar, which means 'golden flower' is a vast pool of calm water, where the river Myntdu which almost encircles Jowai, appears to come to a sudden halt. At Syntu Ksiar, the Myntdu provides a memorable scene of remarkable beauty as it seemingly disappears for rest into the calm of the mighty pool, and then, as if aroused from a momentary invigorating slumber, it runs its ever vibrant course, again.

Places of Interest in Garo Hills

Garo Hills ( Land of myths and legends )

Forming the western part of the State, the entire Garo Hills having an area of approximately 8,000 sq. kms. It is densely forested and hence one of the richest spots in bio-diversity, one third (1/3) of which is the reserved forest. The Garos predominantly inhabiting the three district of the State namely East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills and South Garo Hills are basically superstitious, believed in spirits and have a rich traditional tales of myth & legends. To the Garos everything that is interesting and unnatural has to have the lore of some kind. Garo Hills known for its abundance of wildlife should interest naturalists and photographers to capture the variegated facets of life of a unique range of flora and fauna. Two mountain ranges - the Arabella range and the Tura range, pass through the Garo Hills, forming the great Balpakram valley in between.

West Garo Hills

Tura, the headquarter of West Garo Hills, which was also the headquarter of composite Garo Hills 323 kms. from Shillong via Guwahati named after a powerful Goddes Durama-Imbama, at an altitude of 657 Kms.

Nokrek biosphere

The highest point of the Garo Hills region of the State, Nokrek Peak stands fourteen hundred and twelve metres above sea level. A virgin canopy of thick, tall and lush green forests cover Nokrek and its environs. The mother germo plasm of Citrus-indica have been discovered by science researchers within Nokrek Range. This discovery led to the establishment of the National Citrus Gene Sanctuary-cum-Biosphere Reserve at Nokrek covering an area of forty seven square kilometres. Nokrek can be reached from the Tura-Asanangre-Daribokgre Road. A comfortable three and a half kilometre trek from Daribokgre village leads a visitor to Nokrek Peak. Abundant wildlife including herds of wild elephants, rare varieties of birds and pheasants, besides rare orchids abound in the sanctuary.


The Tura town is situated at the foot of Tura peak.

Tura Peak

A majestic hill stands on the eastern flank of Tura, the largest town in the Garo Hills region of the State. It peaks eight hundred and seventy two metres above sea level over looking Tura. A tourist-bungalow, an observatory and a Cinchona-plantation are located at Tura Peak and its environs. A magnificent view of the lower Brahmaputra Valley as well as the golden yellow plains of Bangladesh is available all year round to viewers on Tura Peak.

Rong'bang Falls

Locally known as Rong'bang dare, this waterfall is situated 25 miles away from Tura on the Tura Williamnagar Road, a little beyong Rombagre village. It is a tributary of the Simsang River which can be seen from this road but the real beauty and magnitude of it can be experienced when one goes down to the place at the bottom of the waterfalls. This Sprightly fall, though perennial, is at its best during the monsoon months. It presents motorists driving from Asanangre towards Williamnagar, a romantic visual of lasting satisfaction. Although the fall is located about crow-flight kilometres away from the highway, the width and depth of the falls are enough to make it clearly visible and a sheer delight. Clustered on either side by vast evergreen hills of bamboo's which sway, leaving the viewer with memories of ecstatic joy.

Iale Falls

The Kupli river which flows for quite some distance as the Assam-Meghalaya interstate border has a unique river bed of limestone and soft rock for considerable length of its course. The turbulent Kupli has thus carved for itself deep valleys and chasms all over, beside a steep, star-shaped gorge near Garampani, where the whole Kupli falls over sixty feet to give rise to the well-known Iale falls also known in historical legends as Mahabati. The Khandong reservoir of the Kopili Hydro Electric Project has now inundated Iale Falls and it cannot be seen for the better part of the year when the reservior is fairly full. Iale Falls was indeed a magnificent sighting and a favourite with tourists.

Imilchang Dare

A waterfall of immense visual beauty is to be found close to the Tura-Chokpot Road in West Garo Hills district. The stream on which it is located, flows through a deep, narrow winding bed of crevice rocks till it suddenly emerges on to a broad wide opening and cascades in a thick, wide formation, over a broad chasm, creating an electrifying waterfall of unique beauty. The deep, wide pool at the bottom of the fall with its wide and expansive surroundings make it an exciting swimming pool, full of fish of varied size and colour, besides being an ideal picnic spot.


Lying at the confluence of Rongram and ganol rivers, Chibragre, just 9 kms from Tura on the Tura Guwahati road is an ideal picnic spot.


This small sleeping hamlet of Bhaitbari came into national focus when ruins of ancient Kingdom dating back 4 -8 A.D. were discovered here a few years ago. This place is just 8 kms. from Phulbari near Assam border and is nearer via plains road along Assam border.


40 kms from Tura, near Mankachar on the Assam border there still lies the earthly remains of the great general Mir-jumla the Army General of great Moghul Emporer AurangZeb. Mir-jumla died of malaria while returning from his excursion to the northeast. His tomb maintained by the local Muslim Association lies in this village.

East Garo Hills


Named after the 1st Chief Minister of Meghalaya this river in town built on the curve of simang river is the headquarter of East Garo Hills. It is 313 kms from Shillong via Guwahati and is 76 kms from Tura.


5 kms from Williamnagar is noted for being the last battle field where the Garos bravely resisted the British.


12 kms away from Williamnagar on the Tura Williamnagar road, a beautiful place on the bank of Simsang river is of historical importance, for it was here the legendary hero Togan Sangma along with his co-patriot Gilsang Dalbot fell to the bullets of the British soldiers while bravely resisting them. A memorial has been erected at the place where the warriors fell down. District Council has constructed a twin cottage near the memorial place where visitors can stay.


10 kms from Duphdara on the Assam Border Aadokgre was the first camp in Garo Hills when the Garos coming from Tibet under the leadership of Jappa-jalimpa arrived in to the promised land of Garo Hills. It was from here they made their last rece and distributed the land according to their Machongs (clan).


15 kms from Duphdara, it is a big rock with deep hollows, in the middle of Isle river in Badaka village just 3 kms from Adokgre, this big rock is mythologically believed to be swimming with fishes, you can get tons of fishes any season of the year, but there is one belief, if any one inadvertently touches the big rock under whose hollow the fishes are. All fishes immediately disappear from the river. The Hindus consider this a sacred place and regularly come here for worship and picnic.


15 kms from Williamnagar sub-divisional head quarter of Resu sub-divisional; there is a hot spring here.


45 kms from Williamnagar there is a lake formed by damming of the upper tributary of a river during the great earth in 1897. Napak was once the land of the spirits's baby. The spirits feeling insecure then migrated to Balpakram where they settled.

South Garo Hills

Comprising of the southeast corner of Garo Hills, South Garo Hills District perhaps offers the best potentials for tourism development. It was from this area, great minds and great leaders were born.


Baghmara the head quarter of the District is a fast growing town ship. It is situated on the banks of Simsang River on the International Bangladesh border. Nearby just below the picturesque Disla hill where the State Tourism Department had constructed a tourist bungalow there is the Baghmara Wildlife sanctuary for the unique botanical wonder of the State - an insectivorous pitcher plant known as memang Koksi or the spirits basket.

Bong Laskar Memorial, Bahgmara

This monument is situated in the heart of Baghmara, the headquarters of South Garo Hills District, Meghalaya. The Monument was built in the memory of Bong Laskar, one of the most prominent Laskars of Baghmara. The monument is built of burnt bricks and has a tomb like structure. It is 3.60 m high and 4,30 m wide. The period of construction of this monument could not be determined accurately. It is believed that one Besing Laskar constructed this monument before the British annexation of Garo Hills at around 1874.


14 kms north of Baghmara this place has 3 well known caves Tetengkol Balwakol measuring 5, 33 kms in length is the 2nd longest cave in the Indian Sub-continent. Dobhakol Chibe Nala is situated a few hundred metres downstream from Tetengkol-Balwakol on the river Chibe Nala. It is well hidden by a large rock. It is around 1978m long. Bok Bak Dobhakol is a rather complex cave which would seem to be an intermittently active river sink. During wet weather the cave floods to the roof. It is around 1051m long.

Siju Caves

The famous limestone caves of Siju are located near Naphak Lake and the Simsang stalactites in these caves resemble those of the Blue Grotto in the Isle of Capri. 30 kms north of Baghmara and 132 kms from Tura, Siju is famous for Dabakkol or the bat cave with impressive stalagmites and stalactites. It is the 3rd longest cave in the Indian sub-continent some of the finest river passages to be found any where in the world. The magnificent limestone rock formation inside especially named princess di's Chamber by the excavators will fill any visitor with awe. Length: 4772m Close by on the other side of simsang river Siju bird sanctuary is the home for many rare and protected birds and other wildlife. The Migratory Siberian duck also come here during winter months. At the entrance to this bird sanctuary after a steep climb of nearly 1 km there is a stretch of fantastic rock formations that will take your breath away.


Balpakram, which has been, declared a National Park since 1987 is the land of scenic beauty, lying at an altitude of nearly 3,000 ft. above sea level, covering an area of 200sq. kms. It is a vast tableland of dense forest, teeming with wild life, undoubtedly one of the richest spot in bio-diversity in the country. Many rare and exotic species of flora and fauna some endemic to the area - many almost extinct very rare forms of wild-life found in the area had naturally evoked a lot of interest among the elite circles of naturalist, botanists and zoologist. 167 kms away from Tura, the District Head quarter of west Garo Hills District, Balpakram can be reached by road only. There are however regular helicopter services from Shillong and Guwahati to Tura and road transport facilities, nearest airport and rail head is Guwahati in Assam which is 220 kms from Tura. Alternatively people going from Shillong can take the border road via Balat - Ranikor which is a much shorter route. However there is no direct communication link from Shillong to Balpakram.

The Garos consider Balpakram area sacred as the land where the spirits of the dead sojourn. So far till now - this aspect has not been properly highlighted to the outside world. In support of the mythological belief there are more than 45 interesting sites in the area just a few of which are enumerated below :

Memang boldak matchu karam

On the way side there is a hard schimawallichi tree that has mysteriously acquired a depression on its trunk as if weather and worn by constant tethering of animals on its trunk . The belief is that the spirit on their way to their abode of the dead take rest here and tether the animals killed on their funeral. Surprisingly a few years ago, when one tree fall due to strong winds, another tree close to it started getting the same symptoms.

Chidimak-Chianggal - Black Water

It is a pool of water charcoal black in colour. It is believed that spirits wash and take bath in this pool before entering the realm of the dead, and hence the water turned charcoal black from the sins and the soot of cremations.

Matchru anti - Animal market

In the heart of the plateau there is a vast flat rock that bears the footprints of all kinds of jungles animals - big and small, each one of them very easily distinguishable. Mythologically it says, this place used to be the market place of animals. Interestingly, there is the only portion in the whole vast plateau that has the foot-prints embedded in the rock whereas the others surrounding that rock are completely benefits of any imprints.

Bandini Jalang - Stone bridge

A stone bridge over a stream said to be constructed by a legendary hero Bandi.

Dikkini ring - Fossilized beat

To the south of Balpakram near Makadeo village there is a huge flat rock resembling an upturned boat. According to the lore of the Garos, Dikki - a legendary here - was carving a boat but unfortunately before he could complete the task the cock began to crow and he had to abandon the work. It is believed that the spirits work only at night and any incomplete work at cock's crow had to be abandoned.

Areng patal - Magnetic stone

This massive rock with a hollow space on its surface had very strong magnetic force that any animal or bird that inadvertently wanders close to the rock will be magnetically drawn towards the hollow from where they will never be able to come out and die eventually. This magnetic force however has no effect on humans. Close by in the chimitap village, there is a Chimitap stream meaning underground that may perhaps be the shortest stream in the world. The stream comes out and flows for a more 500 yards and disappears underground.


The steep rock cliffs of the canyon are believed to be the natural habitats of the gonchos or evil spirits. The gonchos are believed to carry away people and lead them over steep precipices and inaccessible rock cliffs. They however do not cause any harm to their victims.


To the north east on Khasi hills border there is a beautiful cave, wherein shining pieces of rock in the shape of banana flowers are found. The Hindus believe that it was the house of a Shiva Thakur.


On the Khasi hills border there is a natural water tank of rock measuring about 120ft. X 90ft. The water in this tank is perpetually clear and transparent and remains at the same level throughout the year. It is very interesting and unexplainable how the heavy downpours of rain cannot raise its level not the scorching sun of the summer reduces it. The Garos believed that it is the bathering ghat of Bandis wife sore.

Gitingni Suunte

There are 3 stones close to each other set in a triangle that resemble the crude hearth. Over these 3 big stones there set another rock, which looked, like a huge pot or cauldran. However the top pot like rock was damaged during road construction in 1987. Since the 3 huge stones with the big rock upon them look like something cooking in a big pot over the tripped chullah - it was Gitingni Suunte of the heart of Gitting.

Menggo Kol

From below the wakso Chiring Maheskola river run underground for about 3 kms, and emerge again at Menggo - Kol literally cave of the cat - a spectacular cave with magnificent rock formations around it. Even now some rock fossil that resemble hair of the cat can be seen. This cave used to be inhabited by a white cat, hence the name cave of the cat.


One stream in the northern side of Balpakram that resemble the intestines of the pig and has a very bad rotten smell. The legend says that when bandi defeated the monster Wakmangganchi - aragondi - he pulled out its intestine and washed here. Hence the horrible stench of the rotten intestine.

Mebit mebang

Another interesting site in the area. Mebit mebang is a small hillock from where tiny pebbles resembling the seeds of rice, millet and other cereals appear mysteriously. The Garo believed that the side and direction of the hillock from which the seed like pebbles come out predict good honest in that direction. In 1927 it is said that Shri. G.D. Walker the thence Deputy Commissioner of Garo still swept the pebbles away and ordered the rock to be guarded. Next morning he was so astonished to find the pebbles mysteriously re-appeared.

Bandini nagil

A deep pool believed to be the fishing pond of bandi - a legendary hero. The long dam like stone barrier measuring to have been constructed by bandi.