One of the districts in Nagaland, the home of the Ao Naga tribe. It covers an area of 1,615 sq km. It is bounded by Assam to its north, Wokha to its west, Tuensang to its east, and Zunheboto to its south. It lies between 93.53 and 94.53 Degrees Longitude and 25.56 Degrees Latitude. There are only two small valleys namely… Changki and Tuli, and both of them are on the western side of the district adjoining the plains of the Sibsagar district of Assam. Soils found in Mokokchung are Alluvial Soil, Non Laterite Red Soil and Forest Soil. Major rivers are Melak, Dikhu and Tsurang. The entire District of Mokokchung is conveniently sub-divided into six Ranges. The ranges are more or less parallel to each other and runs southeast direction. Six ranges are : These are actually pimples of hillocks thrown at random adjoining the plains of Assam mostly along the valley of Dissai and Jhanzi rivers just before they flow into the plains of Assam. These hillocks are densely covered with bamboos and the climate of the entire range is warm.
It is the outermost Range stretching from northeast to southwest lying to the interior south of Tzurangkong Range.
This is a parallel Range east of Japukong Range. Changki village was said to be founded by a man named Changki, and so the Range too was named after him as Changkikong.
It is a Central Range running from east to west but compared to the other ranges, it is the shortest one. This range lies between Melak and Menung rivers, and therefore, it resembles an island. Hence the name Asetkong (Aset means Island)
It is the easternmost range skirting along the course of Dikhu river. The river forms a natural boundary line of Mokokchung with Tuensang and Mon districts. This range is spread like a bed and so the name has been aptly given to this range. (Langpang means bed).
It is the southernmost range forming an irregular boundary of the Ao area with that of the Lothas and Semas to the south and with the Sangtams to the east. It is called Ongpangkong as the land is higher and cooler than the other ranges. (Ongpang means higher)
Places of Interest
River Milak and Tula
White- water rivers of Milak and Tula are of scenic interest and have a lot of potential for monsoon angling.
A vanguard village in the 'days of head hunting', commands a natural view. Mongzu ki eagle's eyrie is situated at a high precipice where eagles have nested for centuries. The Ao mythology talks of the eagles, which are believed to be the manifestations of the spirits of the dead. From Mata Yimkong, the top of the hillocks where once stood a fortress, the Himalayas look fascinating.
The oldest and biggest Ao village, is of great interest to people who have a desire to peep into Ao folklore, customs and traditions.
History speaks of an Ahom king who fled his capital due to court intrigues and rivalries and had taken refuge here. The cave which provided shelter still remains there.
Having the American Baptist Mission being established in 1872. The earliest mission building is still preserved in the village premises. An ancient leechi tree, supposedly planted by Dr. Clark, the American Missionary, still exists.