Tuensang is one of the eight districts of Nagaland. It lies in the easternmost part of Nagaland, and is named after the village which is situated closed by the district headquarter. The District is populated by 5 major tribes namely, Chang, Sangtam, Khiamniungan, Yimchunger, Phom and a part of Sumi. Tuensang is bordered by Myanmar all along its eastern side. On the north lies Mon district. Tuensang touches Assam on its north on a narrow strip between Mon on the east and Mokokchung in the West. On the south of Tuensang lies Phek District and on the west are Zunheboto and Mokokchung districts. The district has approximately 180 Kms of international border with Myanmar. Physiographically, Tuensang district is covered with hills, high ridges deep gorges and narrow valleys. The altitude of Tuensang, the District Heaquarter is 1371.60m above sea level. It covers an area of 4228 square kilometers which is about 25 % of the total area of the State of Nagaland. It has a total population of 4,14,801 having a population density of 98 per sq.km as per 2001 census. There are 234 recognised villages and few unrecognized villages in the district. The people of Tuensang District are mostly agriculturists. Whether they live in rural or urban area their heart and soul depend on agriculture. The percentage of Government job holders or other occupation is quite small. So still agriculture is the main-stay of the people. Since the entire source of subsistence is the land, people value it much.