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 Orissa
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 Balasore district

Balasore is one of the coastal district of Orissa, lies on the northern most part of the state having 21 degree 03' to 21 degree 59' North Latitude & 86 degree 20' to 87 degree 29' East Longitude. It is bounded by Bay of Bengal in the East, Mayurbhanj district in the West, Midnapore (W.B.) district in the North and Bhadrak district in the South. It has a massive coast line of 81 kms. The district head quarter, Balasore is 204 kms from the State Capital, Bhubaneswar.

Climate and Rainfall

Climate of the district is generally not with high humidity. May is usually the hottest month. Occurrence of large number of fire accidents is a regular feature of the district during the summer months i.e. April to May. December is the coolest month of the year. The highest maximum temperature recorded at Balasore was 44 C on 8.6.98. Monsoon generally commences from 14th June every year. Average rainfall of the undivided district is 1568.4 mm. The rainfall during June to December constitutes at least 75% of the annual rainfall of the district. There are average 62 rainy days in a year in the district.

River Systems and Dams


The district of Balasore has given ways to the following rivers.

Subarnarekha
Budhabalanga
Jalaka
Kansabansa
Sono

The detail information about these rivers are given below:

River Subarnarekha

Gauge point : Rajghat
Warning Level : 9.45 metre/12.00ft
Danger Level : 1.56 metre/15.00ft
Highest Level : 20.80ft(16.10.85) and 12.20 Meters(7.8.98)

The river Subarnarekha originates from Chhotnagpur hill of Bihar State and enters Balasore district near Olmara of Jaleswar block. Expect some small strips of embankments the river is mostly without embankments. The river falls in Bay of Bengal near Kirtania of Bhograi block. During flood, large areas of Jaleswar, Bhograi and Baliapal blocks and a small pocket of Basta block are affected.

River Budhabalanga

Gauge point : Govindapur (N.H.5 Bridge)
Warning level : 7.21 Metres/11ft
Danger level : 8.13 Metres/14ft
Highest level
(Ever recorded.)
: 9.50 Metres/18.50ft (12.10.73)

The river originates from Similipal hills of Mayurbhanj district and enters Balasore district near Kalyanpur of Remuna block. There is no flood protection embankment in either side of the river. It falls in to Bay of Bengal near Balaramgadi. During flood, it affects large part of Remuna and Balasore Sadar block. The river is fed by other rivulet like Sono and Gangahara. Some part of Nilgiri block and large areas of Remuna block are being affected due to flood in river Sono and Gangahar.

River Jalaka

It is a small river. Rainwater from Mayurbhanj district is mainly being discharged through this river. The river has no flood gauge. It submerges large areas of Basta block including the Orissa Trunk Road connects Basta with Balasore.

River Kansabansa

It is also a small river having no permanent flood gauge. Irrigation Department however, use to take flood reading from National High Way bridge. It affects some portion of Simulia, Khaira, Soro and Bahanaga blocks. The danger level at Radhabalavpur is 25.3.ft.

River Sono

This is a small river. The river has no flood embankment. It falls in the river Budhabalanga near Govindapur village of Remuna block. Some portion of Nilgiri and Remuna blocks are badly affected due to flood in the river.

Balasore District at a glance :
Area 3.705 Sq Km
Latitudes 20.48N 21.59N
Longitudes 86.16E 87.29E
Altitude 19.08 Metres
Cultivable Area 2,69,630 Hects
Irrigated Area 78,164 Hects
Coast Line 81 Kms
Population (2001census)
Total 20.23 Lakhs
Children (0-6 Years) 2.85 Lakhs
Rural 18.03 Lakhs
Urban 2.20 Lakhs
Scheduled Caste (SC) 18.6%
Scheduled Tribe (ST) 10.6%
Number Of Rural Families 3.49 Lakhs
Rural Families Below Poverty Line (BPL) (1999 Survey) 2.88 Lakhs (82.52%)
Population Density (Persons Per Sq Km) 546
Sex Ratio (Female Per 1000 Male) 949
Literacy Rate 60.9%
Male Literacy 70.1%
Female Literacy 51.2%
Administrative Set-Up
No. Of Subdivisions 02 (Balasore And Nilgiri)
No. Of Tehsils 07 (Balasore, Baliapal, Basta, Jaleswar, Nilgiri, Simulia And Soro)
No. Of Blocks 12 (Bahanaga, Balasore, Baliapal, Basta, Bhograi, Jaleswar, Khaira, Nilgiri, Oupada, Remuna, Simulia And Soro)
No. Of Gram Panchayats 289(257 Old+ 32new)
No. Of Villages 2971
Inhabited Villages 2602
Towns & Urban Bodies 4
Institutions
ICDS Projects (Integrated Child Development Services) 12
Anganwadi Centres (AWC) 1578
Hospitals (Dist Hqr & Sub-Division) 2
CHC (Community Health Centre) & PHC (Primary Health Centre) 3 & 75
ANM Sub-Centres (Auxiliary Nurse Midwife) 264
Ayurvedic & Homeopathic
Hospitals and Dispensaries
24 & 30
Education
Primary Schools 1507
Middle Schools 856
High Schools 439
Rural Water & Sanitation
Rural Households Having Toilets 2%
Number Of Hand Pumps (IMII, IMIII, Tara) 9640
Defunct (Out Of Total Above) 625
Population Covered With Drinking Water 85%
Pipe Water Supply Schemes 16 + 32 Ongoing
Schools Without Water Supply 1290
Major Rivers (5)Subarnarekha, Budhabalanga, Jalaka, Kansabansa And Sono
Climate
Min. Temperature in December 10.8 Degrees Centigrade
Max. Temperature in May 42.8 Degrees Centigrade
Approach
By Air Nearest airport is Bhubaneswar which is 215 Kilometres Connected with Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Raipur, Nagpur by boarding flight.
By Train Balasore is an important need on South Eastern Railway
By Road Connected by good motorable roads ( 5 Kms. From N.H. 5 ) regular Bus services are available from Bhubaneswar,Kolkata,Puri and other important places
Visiting Places Temple of Mahadev Baneswar, Jhadeswar, temple of Lakshmi Narayan, Shanti Kanan (Fakir Mohan Smrutipitha).
Shopping Places Brass work of remuna, Stone Carvings of Nilgiri, Local Handicrafts, Sapa masina(mate) of jahaleswar and Bhogarai.
Main Festivals Durgapuja, Siva Ratri and Raja Parva
Information and Assistance Tourist Office, Balasore
06782- 262048
Tourist Information Counter, Balasore
6782 - 263123

Places of Interest in and around Balasore

Chandipur

The calm beach at Chandipur is surely one among many of the fine beaches of the country, but with a plus there the waters of the Sea recede five Kms. Off shore and proceed rhythmically after a regular interval. The sand-dunes green with wild creepers and the casuarinas whistling with the breeze create a fantastic moment for a visitor absorbed in observing the play of the tide.The nearest air port for visiting the places of interest in Balasore district is at Bhubaneswar which is connected with Kolkata, Delhi, Hydrabad, Raipur, Nagpur and Mumbai by bording flights. Nearest rail head is at Balasore on S.E.Rly. Chandipur is 16 Kms. by road from Balasore. Bus services are available from Balasore to Chandipur.

Remuna

Famous for Khirochora Gopinath temple Remuna has been a seat of Vaishnawite Culture for centuries, Madhabendra Puri the teacher of Shri Chaitanya and Shri Chaitanya himself visited Remuna and offered their worship to Khirochora Gopinath. Today hundreds of devetees gather daily for the sacred Darshan lof the Lord.Specially prepared milk is the most delicious prasad of the temple.Remuna is a chunk of Vrindaban In Orissa. Nearest rail head is at Balasore. Remuna is 9 Kms. From Balaore connected with good motarable road.

Sajanagarh

Sajanagarh is a place which as serving as a military base during the period of ex-rullers of Nilgiri state.The main attraction of the place is the temple of godess " Bhudharchandi " On the walls of both temple and boundary beautiful stone works have been made legently the gods and goddess. Nearest rail head is at Balasore 30 Kms. Sajanagarh is connected with good motorable road 25 Kms. from Balasore.

Ayodhya

Ayodhya where assimilation of Jainism,Budhism,Baishnavism,Tantraism Saivism, Sakthism took place.The place was flourished once upon a time as a town or it was a Capital of a king the time is still not known. A large number of images ( remains ) have been unearthen from the site. Among them Budha, Jains, Pareshnath, Shiva,Gonesh, Natraj,Bhairabi,Maricha,Baraha,Tara are famous godess Marichi is the most attractive. Ayodhya is 30 Kms. Balasore. All weather pitch road is available on Ayodhya. Nearest rail head is at Balasore on S.E.Rly. ( 30 Kms )

Langaleswar

The place of famous for its location and mythology Lord Shiva used to plough the paddy field. In memory of the same plough is there and hundreds of piligrims use to gather there to worship the Lord Langaleswar who has been named after that plough. Langaleswar is famous for Saivasim. The location of the temple by the side of river parvati too creates a senic beauty and makes another attraction of the place. Nearest rail head is Basta. Langaleswar is connected with a good motorable road (46 Kms.from Balasore)

Kashaphal

Kashaphal beach is an ideal fishing harbour.It has a scope for boating on river Dubdubi and Panchupali.The solitary beach of Kashaphal is an ideal spot for pichic.The calm and quite rural atmosphere and wistling casurina will definitely attract the nature loving tourist. The spot is connected with all weather road ( 36 Kms.from Balasore ). Nearest rail head is Basta in S.E.Rly.

Laxmannath

It is situated at a distance of 50 Kms. From Balasore.The old palace,the gada of Raymahasay of Laxmannath is the main attraction.The temple of Shyamakali, JagannathDwadasha Shiva are worth seeing. Nearest rail head is Jaleswar (5 Kms.). Laxmannath is connected with a good motorable road (50 Kms.from Balasore)

Raibania

Raibania is known for its group of forts in raign ,Raibania had historic importance and finds mention in the book Ain-I-Akbari. The fort having a number of tanks, which was once the place for royal people is now a plain field littered with archeological rains. The Jaychandiban or the lovely forest of Joychandi is now used as picnic spot. The place is connected with alweather pitch road(75 Kms. From Balasore). Nearest rail head is Jaleswar ( 25 Kms.)

Chandaneswar & Talsari

The holy shrine of Lord Chandaneswar is a religious centre not only for the people pf Balasore District but also places adjacent West Bengal.It is a unique sight to see the devtees flock together in hundreds everyday and in thousands on festive occasion like Chadak mela for Darshan of the Lord which falls in April every weak. It is connected with a good motorable road from Balasore ( 93 Kms.) and Digha ( 6 Kms.). Nearest rail head is Jaleswar ( 43 Kms.)

Bhushandeswar

The place is situated at a distance of 100 Kms.from Balasore the district headquarters.The place is famous for Lord Shiva.The priest who worship Lord Shiva uses ladder to poor water,Milk etc on the top of the Loard Bhushandeswar.This is unique in India. Nearest rail head is Jaleswar (50 Kms.). It is very difficult to approach the spot by road from Chandaneswar 20Kms. And from Bhogarai via:- Thana Chhak 15Kms.

Chasakhand ( Baghajatin )

Baghajatin the historic place is situated at a distance of 10 Kms. From Balasore town at Chasakhand village in Remuna Block.Now a days the place is famed as Baghajatin where many people are coming to witness the heroic death place of Late Jatindra Nath Pal the then freedom fighter of August Biplav in 1942. The nearest rail head is Balasore 10 Kms. The place is well connected with Balasore town.Freequent bus services are available to the spot.

Maninageswar ( Bardhanpur)

The temple of Maninageswar is an ancient one perhaps the temple has been built in the year 1600 A.D. Mythology says that Pandav at the time of their " Agyantabas " Used to take bath at Pandav ghat in the Bay of Bengalvery close to Bardhanpur.Where the temple Maninageswar is situated.After taking bath the used to have a Darsan of Maninageswar Shiva.At the time of visiting the spot one can enjoy the beauty of Sea beach which is only 2 Kms. From the spot. Nearest rail head is Balasore 12 Kms.

The spot is situated at a distance of 12 Kms. From the Balasore and connected with all weather road.Bus services are available from Balasore.

Baneswar (Puruna Balasore)

The temple of Baneswar is an ancient and famous Temple of Lord SHIVA about 5 km away from Balasore Railway Station.

Jhadeswar (Temple Of Lord Shiva)

Ancient and famous Temple of Lord of SHIVA situated at Naya-Bazaar nearer to Balasore Railway Station and Bust Stop.

Chawmukh , Dagara

Chawmukh and Dagara the two coastal village in Baliapal Block of Balasore District are orescent with inviting beaches.The calm and screne atmosphare long treshes of silvery sands,wistling casurarina and red crabs are some of the attractions of these lovely beaches.Fishing by small Boats with the local fisher flock is very interesting.The Beaches aglow with the presence of group picnickers on new years and X-mass days every year. 64 Kms. From Balasore.A good black topped road existing up to Jagai ( Kalipada ) Chowkmukh and Dagara 11 Kms. And 9 Kms. respectively from Jagai are connected by country roads not approachable during rainy season.Bus services are available up to Jagai. The nearest rail head is Basta (65 Kms.) and Jaleswar 58 Kms. Are convenient for express train travelers.

Tipisagadia

It is situated at distance of 48 Kms. From Balasore,in Khaira Block in the District of Balasore.Lord Bakreswar Shiva is the presiding diety.The temple is very old one and located in a place surrounded by river Kansabansa in all four sides. Nearest rail head is Soro ( 13 Kms.). The spot is connected with good motorable road up to Tudigadia ( 40 Kms.) From Tudigadia to spot 8 Kms. Are rough road.

Kupari

Kupari is about 67 Kms. From Balasore via: Soro and 30 Kms. From Bhadrak via: Agarpada in Khaira Block.Sunyamandap and Ambika temple are two seperate piligrim spot situated in two opposite side of kupari - Agarpada Road.At Kupari some ruins of Budhist Culture are still found. Nearest rail head Soro (32 Kms.) and Bhadrak (30 Kms.) Kupari is connected with Balasore and Bhadrak by good motorable Road.

Kharasahapur Beach

Kharasahapur a costal village is situated at a distance of 37 Kms.towards south east of Balasore the Dist.Headquarters.Close to Sea Beach a small temple named "Mangala " is worth seeing.It is a Saktipitha . A tourist visiting the temple should not miss the chance of enjoying the blue view of Bay of Bengal enriched with calm and serene atmosphere.Fishing Jetty located 1 Km.from the spot is further attraction to tourist.Fishing by small boats and Motor launch with local fisher folk is very enteresting.

Inchudi

It is situated at a distance of 22 Kms. From Balasore. The place is famous for Labana Satyagraha held in 1930 under the leadership of Binod kanungo,Jeebramjee Kothari , Rama Devi and Dr.H.K.Mahatab. One can see the Smrutisthambha as a mark of sacrifice of the then freedom fighters.

Srijang

It is a big village situated at a distance of 20 Kms. From Balasore and close to Inchudi.People of this village under leadership of Gurucharan Dash participated in civil Disobedience movement in 1921 and they actively joined the salt Movement.When Satyagraha was stopped due to onset of rainy seasons.People of this village where first in the country who did not pay Choukidari taxes being led by Gurucharan Das and Bidyadhar Ratha.There was police torture.This incident evoked country wide protest. Villagers have constructed the Smrutisthambha and one Museum dedicated to freedom struggle is under construction there.

Tudigadia

The place is situated at a distance of 40 Kms. From Balasore towards South West of Balasore in Khaira Block. Tudigadia and its neighbouring village Khariadia has played important role in Quit India Movement in 1942.Many people had sacrificed their lives during that movement.

Dinamardinga and Farasidinga

Balasore the Head Quarters of the district was an important maritime town in mediaeval times through the river Budhabalanga.Some portions of the town were occupied by the French and the Dutch which were named as " Farasidinga " and " Dinmardinga ". The ruins of the foreign possessions srill exist.







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