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Boudh district

Located centrally in the Map of Orissa, Boudh is traversed by river Mahanadi and its tributaries, along which lie the extensive riverine fertile plains. As the very name goes, Boudh was once a significant Buddhist centre in Orissa which has been confirmed as an archaeological fact.

Boudh District at a glance :
Geographical Area 3098 sq km
Latitude 20 50'
Longitude 84 23' E
Geographical Boundary
North River Mahandai & Angul dist.
South Kandhamala Dist.
East Nayagarh Dist.
West River Tel & Sonepur Dist.
Forest Area 128
Misc. Tree, Permanent Pasture, Land put to
Non-Agriculture Use, Barren & Uncultivable land
54
Cultivable waste 7
Current fallow 6
Other fallow 32
Net Area Sown 83
Percent of forest area of the District 41.23
Forest Area 128
Percent of Forest area of the Dist. To the State Total 2.20
Administrative set-up
No.of Sub Division 1 ( Boudh)
No. of Tehsils 2 ( Boudh & Kantamal)
No. of CD Blocks 3 ( Boudh,Harabhanga,Kantamal)
No. of NAC 1 ( Boudh)
No.of wards 17
No. of Registration Office 2 ( Boudh Dist. Treasury & Kantamal Sub-Treasury)
No. of Police Station including Mahila PS 6 (Boudh, Manamunda, Harabhanga, Kantamal, Bousuni, Purunakatak)
No. of Jails 1 ( Boudh)
No. Of GPs 63
No. of R.I. Circle 22
No. of Fire Station 2 (Boudh,Kantamal)
No. of Assembly
Constituencies
1 ( Boudh)
Literacy Rates
Male 76.86
Female 39.78
Total 58.43
Literates
Male 121000
Female 62,000
Total 1,83,000
Population , 2001 Census (Provisional)
Male 1,88,000
Female 1,85,000
Total 3,73,000
Percentage of Dist. Population to State Population 2001 (P) 1.02
Decennial Growth Rate ( Percentage ) 17.45
Sex Ratio ( Females per one thousand males) 985
Population Density ( per sqr. Km.) 120
No. of Fire Station 2 (Boudh,Kantamal)
No. of Assembly Constituencies 1 ( Boudh)
Education ( 1999-2000)
No. of Primary School 591
No. of Teachers 1436
No. of Middle School 111
No. of Teachers 283
No of Secondary School 46
No. of Teachers 468
No. of College 11
No. of Teachers 193
Medical & Family Welfare (2000-01) In Numbers
Dist. Headquarter Hospital 1
Sub - Divisional & other Hospital 2
PHC ( New) 10
PHC Mobile Health Unit 3
Beds in Hospital 70
Ayurvedic Hospitals & Dispensaries including Unani 10
Homeopathic Hospitals & Dispensaries 4
Animal Husbandry
Hospitals & Dispensaries 7
A.I. Centres 35
Buffalo 35609Cattle - cross breed 4835
Cattle Indigenous 227045
Cows Cross breed 2974
Cows Indigenous 110441
Sheep 59027
Goat 69612
Poultry 203905
Pig 3053
Production (2000-01)
Milk 10.45 Thousand Mt
Egg 14.95 Million Nos.
Meat 315.54 MT
Infrastructure
No. of Post Offices (2000-01) 117
Percentage of Village Electrified 60.13
All Scheduled Commercial Banks ( Mar'2001)
No. of Offices 22
Deposit in lakhs 4923 lakhs
Credit 2890 lakhs
Consumption of Fertiliser
Nitrogenous (N) 1.80 Thousand MT
Phosphatic ( P ) 0.53 Thousand MT
Pottasic (K) 0.30 Thousand MT
Total ( N+ P +K) 2.63 MT
Gross Cropped Area 115 Thousand Hectare
Fertiliser Consumption 23Kg/Hect.
Cropping Intensity 138%
Communication
National Highway
State Highway 224 Km
Major Dist. Road
Other Dist. Road 29 Km
Classified Village Road 41 Km
Village Road 297 Km
G.P. Road 3745 Km
Panchayat samiti Road 173 Km
Forest Road 256 Km
Railway Route
Industry
Registered Reporting factories 1
Total Employees 23
Productive Capital 1256 Thousand
Net value added by manufacturer 6 lakh
Fishery ( 2000-01)
Fresh water 2475 MT
Brakish Water
Marine Water
Total 2475 MT
Irrigation Potential Created (1999-2000)
Major & Medium
Khariff 19.87 Thousand hectare
Rabi 2.02 Thousand hectare
Minor (flow)
Khariff 9.39 Thousand Hect.
Rabi 0.96 Thousand hectare
Minor (lift)
Khariff 5.25 Thousand hectare
Rabi 3.15 Thousand hectare
Production Of Major Crops(2000-2001)
Type Production in Qtl.
Paddy 533476
Wheat 425
Maize 4220
Ragi 83
Mung 2694
Biri 1225
Kulthi 6893
Til 2338
Groundnut 234
Mustatrd 141
Potato 3895
Jute
Sugarcane 28742
Rainfall
Normal rainfall 1597.1MM
Actual Rainfall (2000) 981.5
Deviation from Normal 615.6 MM

Places of Interest

Buddha Statue

Three remarkable Buddhist statues are found in Boudh are indicative of the fact that it was once a center of Buddhist culture. One of the statue is present in Boudh town. The total height of this image is 6ft. 9 inches of which the seated figure measures 4 ft. 3 inches in height and 3 ft. 10 inches from knee to knee. It is seated in the Bhumisparsa Mudra on a lotus throne 1 ft. 2 inches in height placed on a pedestal 11 inches in height and 4 ft. 6 inches in breadth. The whole image is built up in sections with carved stones. The only attendant figures are two Gandharvas flying with garlands in their hands on the sides of the head. On the whole this colossus of Boudh compares favourably with similar colossi at Udayagiri and Lalitgiri in Cuttack district. The image is uninscribed and beneath the pedestal is the ancient stone pavement of the original shrine. This appears to be the site of an ancient Buddhist monastery the remains of which are still to be found.

At a distance of 40 Km. from Boudh town, second image of Budhha is in the village shyamsundarpur. The height of statue is 5 ft. and the image is in the same posture as in Boudh town. Here also the only attendant figures are two Gandharvas flying with garlands in their hands at the back of the Budhha statue. The image is built up in sand stone. Locally it is known as Jharabaudia Mahaprabhu.

Third one is seen in the village Pragalapur which is at a distance of 2 km. from Shyamsundarpur. The height of this statue is 3.5 ft.. In the left hand side of the statue there are 3 numbers of invisible image and on the right hand side their lies five numbers of image called ugratara.

Ramanath Temple

A group of three temples of Siva at Boudh town called the Rameswar or Ramanath temples, dating back to the 9th century A.D. are reputed for their special feature. The decorative motifs and the plastic art of three temples at Boudh are certainly superior to and older than the great lingaraj-Ananta -Vasudeva group. One particular feature of the Ramanath temple is worth particular attention. Their plan is quite different from any other temples. In plan these temples are eight-rayed stars and the argha-pattas of the lingas are also similar.These magnificent temples built of red sandstone and profusely carved are stated to have been constructed in mid-ninth century A.D. The temples with rich texture and curved surfaces are strikingly noteworthy. Each of these temples stands by itself on a raised platform and each consists of a cell and an attached portico. The minute recesses and angularities produce a charming effect of light and shade and confer an appearance of greater height from the continued cluster of vertical lines than they really possess. Archeological Survey of India has preserved this temple.

Jogindra Villa Palace

This is the palace of ex-Ruler of Boudh locally known as Rajabati. This was constructed during the reign of Raja Jogindra Dev ,who was benevolent and generous ruler. The palace is a picturesque and handsome building commanding a fine view of Mahanadi.

Hanuman Temple

This temple is situated in the midst of the river Mahandai to the east of Boudh town. The Hanuman temple was constructed by a religious mendicant. This shrine was constructed on a large stone. The temple commands a beautiful view, especially during rain when the Mahanadi is in full boom.

Chandra Chuda & Matengeswar Temple

The Chandra Chuda & Matengeswar temple are situated on the bank of river Mahanadi in Boudh town. Both the temples are Siva temples. In the Matengeswar temple there is also separate temple for goddess Parvati.

Bhiarabi & Madan Mohan temple

Both these temples are built nearby the palace of the ex-ruler of Boudh. In Bhirabi temple goddess Bhairabi has been worshipped. In Madan Mohan temples idol of Radha-Krishna has been worshipped. One gayatri pragnya Mandir is also situated at the adjacent to these temples.

Jagannath temple

This is one of the ancient temple of Orissa. It is situated at the heart of Boudh town. Here Ratha Jatra is celebrated with great pomp and show.

Debagarh

The Raghunath temple at Debagarh is situated at a distance of 14 Km. from Boudh town. The surrounding of the temple is full with natural beauty. The marble statue of Rama, Laxman, Sita and Hanuman are being worshipped here. A beautiful pond is also here.

Jagati

Jagati is situated at a distance of 16 Km. from Boudh. Near the village at Gandhradi, is situated the famous twin temples of Nilamadhava and Sidheswar. These temples were constructed under the patronage of the Bhanja rulers of Khinjali mandala in 9th century A.D. These two temples were built on one platform which are exactly similar to each other. The one on the left hand is dedicated to Siva named Siddheswar and its sikhara is surmounted by a Sivalinga. The second is dedicated to Vishnu, named Nilamadhava and its sikhara is surmounted by a wheel of blue chlorite. The principle of construction of the Jagamohanas at gandharadi is slightly different than that of other temples. Their roofs are built on the cantilever principle and originally it appears to have been supported on twelve large pillars arranged as a hollow square. Thus each side had four pillars of which the central ones flanked an opening. Originally these two Jagamohanas appear to have been open on all sides; but later on the lintels on all sides appear to have given away and then it became necessary to fill in the gaps between pillars with the exception of the four openings with ashlar masonry. At the same time the side openings were filled up with a jali or lattice of blue chlorite towards the bottom and a frieze of four miniature temple sikharas over it. This arrangement is not followed in later temples where the ingress of light into jagamohana is through four or five stone pillars in the opening used as window bars.

The style of ornamentation in the jagamohans of the Gandharadi temples is altogether different. Even stylized chaitya-windows are rarely to be seen at Gandharadi except at the bases of the pilasters of the vimana . the ornamentation on these two jagamohans is very simple and much less overcrowded . The importance of the Gandharadi temples lies in the fact that they provide a link and that a very important one, in the chain of the evolution ,in the chain of the evolution of the mediaeval Orissan temple type.

The Gandharadi temple is also locally known as 'Chari Sambhu Mandira ' ( the temple of four Sambhus or Siva lingas). In the Siva temple Siddheswar is the presiding deity. In the Jagamohan ,to the left of the door leading to the sanctum is the siva Linga called Jogeswar and to the right of the door is the linga called Kapileswar. At a little distance from Siddheswar standsa the temples of Paschima Somanath ( Siva), the door of the temple opening to the west.

Some images of considerably antiquity are found worshipped in shrines nearby. Notable among them are the images of Ganesh in the temple of Paschima somanath and a beautiful image of eight armed Durga worshipped under a banyan tree,the later image being badly eroded due to the vagaries of weather. These images probably once adorned the siddheswar temple .Portions of beautifully carved door steps in black chlorite and other decorative motifs have been unearthed. In the vicinity of the temple. A five feet (1.52 meters) high Hanuman image of good workmanship is being worshipped near the village Jagati and a beautiful carved Nabagraha slab is lying in the cornfield. Archeological Survey of India has preserved this place.

Purunakatak

Purunakatak , situated at a distance of 30 Km. from Boudh on Boudh-Bhubaneswar road is a trading center of some importance. Goddess Bhairabi is the presiding deity of the place . The temple has beautiful entrance. Durga puja festival is observed here for sixteen days. Just opposite to the Bhairabi temple is the temple of Maheswar Mahadev. One Inspection Bunglow is in the nearby for staying.

Padmatola Sanctuary & Satakosia Gorge

The district is rich in wild life resources. The Padmatola Sanctuary in the district can be approached from Charichhak,43 km. east on the Bhubaneswar -Balangir road and by a fair weather road from Daspalla. The distance of this place from Boudh town is 80 Km.

To the end of this sanctuary the majestic Satakosia Gorge with its lush green forests and rich wild life is located. The crocodile sanctuary set up at Tikarapada ,located on the left bank of the gorge is an added attraction of this place. The meandering Mahanadi, flowing amidst the hills forms here the mightiest gorge in India, measuring 22 km long. This is an ideal place for boating, angling and adventure. Goddess Binikeyee, the presiding deity of Satakosia gorge is enshrined at the entrance. She is seen in the form of a four armed Chamundi and is worshipped according to Tantric rites. A forest IB at Sitalapani which is near to this place provides excellent accommodation for those nature loving people who want to spend a day or two.

Dambarugada

The Dambarugada mountain is situated at a distance of 21 Km. from Boudh town toward Boudh -Balangir road. The name the place is Sangrampur. The river Mahanadi flows down the mountain which makes for a visually stunning sight. The mountain give a curve look from all of its side. The height of the mountain is 70 feet. On the top it a temple of Chiatanya deva.

Nayakpada Cave

The Nayakpada Cave is located at a distance of 12 Km. from Boudh town. in the Boudh-Bhubaneswar road. This cave was said to have been associated with mythology. Once upon a time this cave was asram of sadhus . The forest here is in rich of different types of flora and fauna .Here ,one can breathe the nature in its virgin state and truly delight in the grandeur of the flora and fauna.

Island

Marjakud is a wonderful island of Boudh. It is located on the opposite side of Boudh town in the river Mahandai.About three thousand people are living here. Maa Pitabali is the presiding deity of this place. It is an ideal place for picnic.

Apart from the above places there a number other places in Boudh for the tourist. Asurgada, Siva temple at Karadi, Sarsara and Bousuni, Jatasamadhi temple at Balasinga ( temple of Mahima cult), Paljhar are the places of interest to name a few.