The Kandhamal in the present state constituted w.e.f 1st Jan. 1994. It is located in the heart of Orissa. Physiographically the entire district lies with high altitude zone with inter spreading inaccessible terrain of hilly ranges and narrow valley tracts which guides the socio-economic conditions of people and development of the district. More than 50% of population constitute ST community of aboriginal tribal races. Overally, the district is rank as a backward district in the state of Orissa (India). Almost 66% of the land area of the district is covered with dense forest and towering mountains which provide shelter to the inhabitants like Kondhas, classified under the ancient Gondid race of proto Austroloid group, rich in green meadows at the attitude of 2000 ft to 3000 ft, the terraced vallyes thronged with these colorful tribals in their natural heritage, dancing and sporting has its own appeal. Kandhamal is also famous for handicrafts such as Dokra, Terra-Cotta, Cane and Bamboo works.
|Kandhamal District at a glance :|
|Latitude||19'34 & 20'36 north|
|Longitude||83'34 & 84'34 east|
|Climate||Sub tropical hot and dry in summer. |
Dry and cold in winter.
|Maximum Temperature||45.5 Degree Centigrade|
|Minimum Temperature||2.0 Degree Centigrade|
|Language Spoken||KUI (Tribal Language ), Oriya,Hindi and English|
|Best Season||September to May.|
|Public Health Centre||Daringbadi, G. Udayagiri.|
There are so many evidences of Buddhism in this district. One Budha Statue from Dungi near Tikabali has been shifted to Orissa State Museum. The site is reach with archeological remaining to be explored. Its is believed to be a site of 8th/9th AD and was a Buddhist Site during the reign of Bhoumkars. Later it has been changed to a Siava Site during the patronage of next rulers of Somavamsis. Now there are Siva temple found in the premises. The main Siva temple standing on the pedestal of ancient structures. Some ancient structures are fixed on the temple wall. There were found debris of monastic pillars, similar to the pillars found at Boudh. The amalakis are also found and usually used for decorative purpose. Distinct mounds are found in the premises. One of the mound was excavated by a private person for construction of one temple from which a lot of archeological remaining have come up, but those were damaged by the unskilled laborers. It proves that the Siva temple were build on the mound areas with old materials those were available on the spot. The site needs immediate attention for preservation and systematic excavation of the site. This may reveal past history of the district.
Opposite to the Dungi Siba temple two other images are found surrounded by thick bushes. One of the two images is a female Goddess and other is an attendant. Both the images are badly defaced.
An inscription found in on a rock at Amlapani in Katringia GP of Phulbani block on the way leading to Katramal(picnic spot). This spot signifies the movement of monk community, although there is a mark of overlapping of Buddhism and Saivasim, is general and common feature of Orissa and in Buddhist settlements.
The route that passes through Kalinga and Phulbani was very ancient and was popular with the monk community and traders of ancient and mediaeval period. The route served mostly for the transportation from coastal Orissa to Central India. Huen Tsang also said to have passed this route. Hence the geographical location of Dungi as such afforded every possibility of a monk settlement. And hence a centre for worship being a monastery and a resting place for the traders.
Near Chakapad, a mound known as "Chakalati" exists and the name Brahmanapada also in someway related to this site. But due to some circumstantial incongruity, the monk community left the place and the site passed into oblivion.Phulbani
The district head quarters is a place to relax in and marvel at the natural beauty. It is sorrounded by hills. The Pillasalunki river flows on its three side and the town is just on the grove of sal trees. One can enjoy l view of the town from Bhetkhol and Brahamani-Devi hill top, which present an ambience of hill towns of lower Himalayas. Other attractions of the town are its weekly Hata, Jaganath and Narayani Temple. A morning walk on the main road and visit to the river side in the afternoon is a wonderful experience.Putudi Water Fall
Putudi is a place of natural beauty where river Salunki falls from the height of 60ft. forming an enchanting ambience. The roaring sound of the fall with dense forest all around creates a thrilling sensation. It is 15 kms from Phulbani town.Balaskumpa
The beautiful place in the lap of nature is famous for the Goddess 'BARALA DEVI' who is believed to be the saviour of the world. The people of this area visit the Goddess frequently on many occasions particularly on Dashahara. Dashahara Puja is celebrated with great pomp and show.. Pillasalunki Dam site which is an ideal and charming place for picnic and sight seing is only 3 kms from this spot. This spot is a good place to relax and unwind. Balaskumpa is about 15 kms from Phulbani and linked with good motorable road.Chakapad
The abode of Lord Birupakshya, on the bank of river Burtunga, commands a panoramic view of nature. This place is famous as an important centre of Saivism. Lord Siva is worshipped here as Birupakshya, Anandeswara and Jageswara with great veneration and reverence in three different magnificent temples. The striking features of this place is that the trees around it and siva linga inside, lean towards south. The festivals like Sivaratri,Sitalsasthi and Rasha Purnima . are celebrated here . Chakapad is a village having regular bus communication with Phulbani via Tikabali. . It is about 55 km from Phulbani.Daringbadi
Daringbadi, a vast area at the height of about 3000ft above sea level is an ideal summer resort which is popularly named as 'Kashmir of Orissa'. The place is gifted with natural bounties such as pine jungles, coffee gardens and beautiful valleys. . It is the only place in Orissa which experiences snow fall during Winter. The journey from the plains to the hills of Daringbadi is an experience in itself . This pretty hill station is 100 kms from Phulbani and 50 kms from Balliguda.The resting places are P.W.D. Inspection Bunglow and a Revenue I.B. A Tourist Bunglow is also under construction.Belghar
Gifted with ample scenic beauty, Belghar presents a panoramic view of lush and rolling hills. It is inhabited by Kutia Kondha tribe, who follow the age old tradition of food gathering and hut dwelling. They are very friendly and hospitable. More to be seen and encountered is the wild life especially elephants. . Belghar, a hamlet situated about 2555ft above the sea level is very much suitable for adventurous trekking to the nearby hills. Nearby Kotagarh sanctury is popularl with tourist who wish to enjoy the wild unspoilt environment. . Belghar is 165kms from Phulbani and 70 kms from Balliguda. It is. connected with good motorable road. Thee is a forest rest house and a tourist bunglow is coming up. This area is also famous for cane works.
A place of natural beauty with a waterfall and pond where one can play with fibres amidst dense forest.It is an ideal place for picnic. The spot is 35 kms from Phulbani.Pakadadarah
This is a waterfall, with a height of 30ms near Sudrukumpa on Panisal- Baghiapada forest road . The spot is 18kms from Phulbani and 3 kms from Sudrukumpa.Kalinga
The palce is famous for its towering zig-zag Ghat road with scenic beauty. The 11 kms long Ghat road starting from Kalinga is a picturesque and charming place. The nearby Silviculture Forest Reaserch Station is an added attraction. It is an ideal picnic spot on the Phulbani- Berhampur road & 50kms from Phulbani. A PWD I.B. is available for accomodation.Ludu Water Fall
This enchanting waterfall is situated at Jakesi, near Subarnagiri G.P.in Kotogarh Block. It is linked with a motorable road to kotagarh.It is 165kms from Phulbani and an ideal place for picnic & trekking.