Home >> India Information >> Orissa
Login
|
 Register Now 

Mayurbhanj district

Mayurbhanj District at a glance :
Location
Longitude in Degree 850 40/ to 870 11/ East
Latitude in Degree 210 16/ to 220 34/ North
Geographical area in Sq. Kms. 10418
Administrative Set-Up
Sub-Divisions 4
Tehsils 9
Community Development Blocks 26
Towns (Including Census Towns) 4
Municipality 1
NACs (Notified Area Councils) 3
Police Stations 28
Gram Panchayats 382
Villages 3945
Inhabited 3718
Uninhabited 227
Fire Stations 5
Assembly Constituencies 10
Normal Rainfall in M.M. 1648.2
Population of Mayurbhanj (2001 Census)
  Persons Rural Urban
Total 2223456 2067756 155700
Male 1123200 1041057 82143
Female 1100256 1026699 73557
SC (Schedule Caste) - Total 170835 154440 16395
SC (Schedule Caste) - Male 85844 77436 8408
SC (Schedule Caste) - Female 84991 77004 7987
ST (Schedule Tribe) - Total 1258459 1230583 27876
ST (Schedule Tribe) - Male 631149 616673 14476
ST (Schedule Tribe) - Female 627310 613910 13400
Education 2001 - 02 (P)
Primary schools 2941
Teachers 6816
Middle Schools
Number 795
Teachers 2723
Secondary Schools
Number 442
Teachers 3705
General Colleges
Number 98
Teachers 1282
Medical & Family Welfare (2002-2003) in Nos.
Medical College/Dist.Hqrs Hospitals 1
Subdivisional & other Hospitals 10
Community Health Centre 13
Primary Health Centre(New) 74
Primary Health Centres/Mobile Health Units 17
Beds in Hospitals 794
Ayurvedic Hospitals & Dispensaries (Including Unani) 35
Homoeopathic Hospitals & Dispensaries 36
Literacy Rate as per 2001 Census (P)
Persons 52.43
Male 66.38
Female 38.28
Rural
Person 49.96
Male 64.41
Female 35.42
Urban
Person 83.35
Male 89.75
Female 76.13
Communication
Road Length( in K.m.s)
National Highway (02-03) 193
State Highway (01-02) 327
Major District road (01-02) 156
Other district Road (01-02) 456
Classified Village Road (01-02) 245
Village Road (01-02) 2221
G.P.Road (02-03) 6641
Panchayat Samiti Road (02-03) 1383
Forest Road (01-02) 954
Railway Route Length (in Kms) (02-03) 150
No. of Railway Stations (02-03) 20
Infrastructure
No. of Post Offices (2002-2003) 710
% of Villages Electrified[2002(P) 70
Animal Husbandry
Hospitals & dispensaries (2001-02) (Nos.) 42
Livestock Aid Centres (2001-02)(Nos.) 161
Live Stock Census 2000(P) (in Numbers)
Buffalo 26390
Cattle
Cross breed 36489
Indigenous 841348
Cows
Cross breed 25943
Indigenous 297283
Sheep 163550
Goat 601587
Poultry 2083124
Pig 81492
Production
Milk (2002-03)('000 MT) 24
Egg..(2002-03)(in MI.No) 67
Meat(2001-02)(in MT) 2259

Places of Interest at Mayurbhanj

The District of Mayurbhanj preserves many temples built in different styles of Orissan architecture, such as Rekha, Bhadra and Gauriya. Among the Rekha temples the most important are the temples of Kakharua Baidyanath at Manatri of this District and that of Lord Jagannath at Baripada. The temple of Lord Jagannath at Baripada is universally known as Haribaldev temple. It was built by Shri Baidyanath Bhanj in 1575 A.D. on the same architectural principles of Kakharua Baidyanath temple. The temple stands as a symbol of the religious favour of the Bhanja Rulers of Mayurbhanj and is regarded as the Queen Monad among the princely states during the pre-merger days.


It is made of laterite stone with exquisite designs engraved in the walls. It has height of 84'-6". A big boundary wall encirles the temple which is a replica of that of Lord Jagannath at Puri. An inscription on the temple wall states that in the year 1497 of the Saka Era this temple was built by Baidyanath Bhanj. This temple, like the Kakharua Baidyanath of Manatri is provided with Vimana, Jagamohan and Nata Mandira and is in a better preserved condition than the latter.

Besides the presiding deities, there are as many as seventeen Bedha deities consecrated in the temple. The Jagannath temple compound is provided with small cells in which the images of different religions find place. Among them may be seen beautiful images of Avalokiteswar Paraswanath and Umamaheswar. At the inner gate of this temple are found images of Jain Tirthankaras, Rishabhanath, Paraswanath and Mahavir beautifully carved out in black chlorite stone.

Besides these Tirthankaras, an image of Buddhist Jambhal has also been placed near the inner gate. In a small room within the temple enclosure is found an image of Lokeswar Bodhisattwa locally known as Anantadeva with four hands and made of black chlorite stone. The Buddhist and Jaina images in the Jagannath Temple compound make it reminiscent of the catholicity of the temperament of the Bhanja rulers and their attempt to bring about harmonious blending of different religious sectors.

There are various other pillars, images and structures both in front of the presiding deity and on the body of the temple. The walls of the Nata Mandira of Jagannath temple are decorated with pictures of mythological significance.

The Radhamohan temple at Baripada serves as 'Gundicha Mandir' of Lord Jagannath. This temple along with Rasika Raya repesents the cult of Neo-Vaishanavism which was popular in Orissa before Sri Chaitanya. This temple is provided with Nata Mandira and is beautifully painted inside as well as outside. The paintings in some of the nitches and on the inner walls can be seen even now.

Shimilipal

The Elephants, dense forest, rugged hilly terrain majestically roaming wild animal and unfathomable magnetic power of to attract the tourists to its lap combinedly make Similipal 'The Tourists' Paradise. Truly speaking, any sensitive nature loving tourist, who happen to come here once is so mesmerised by the roar of the Tiger, swaying gait of the elephant, chirping of various tropical birds, shining of tender foliages of luxuriously grown sal trees and other tropical forest trees and rustling of perennial streams, that, they unwillingly make a retreat to the world full of din and bustle. Apart from that Similipal is the richest watershed in Orissa, giving rise to many perennial rivers-The Budhabalanga, The khadkei, The West Deo, The East Deo, The Salandi and the Sanjo are the major ones. Gorgeous BAREHIPANI (400mt) and JORANDA (150mt) waterfalls do give every visitors a mute call to come there over and over again. At night when one is cozily settled in the rest house it is exciting as well as chilling to hear alarm calls-shrill notes of CHEETAL, belling of SAMBAR or barking of MUNTJAC, generally indicating the presence of large predator-the LEOPARD or TIGER in the vicinity. During the day, sight of conspicuous foot prints of big cats and ELEPHANTS make the imagination run wild. During May-June, a large number of ORCHIDS bloom, exotically coloured and strangely shaped. They nestle on the trunks and branches of the tree for support in moist region. Generally 4 to 5 varieties bloom at a time for few days, while others patiently wait for their turn. Foot-long chains of 'FOX-TAIL orchid consisting of several hundred tiny translucent mauve coloured flowers are most conspicious. A visit to The RAMTIRTHA CROCODILE REARING CENTRE near JASHIPUR is an exposure of different kind. It provides insight into the intricacy of nature and the man's effort to restore the balance in nature. In totality Similipal is among some of the best creations of the God.

Wildlife

Mammals

Tiger, Leopard, Bison, Elephant, Spotted Deer, Bear, Ratel, Sambar, Mouse Deer, Otter, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Chowsingha, Ruddy Mongoose, Pangolin, Giant squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Hanuman, Langur, Rh. Macaque.

Birds

Pea Fowl, Red jungle Fowl, Hornbill, Hill Myna, Grey wagtail, Alexandrine Parakeet, Serpent Eagle.

Reptile

Python, king Cobra, Cobra, Viper, Banded Krait, Monitor lizard, Forest Calotes, Chameleon, Mugger Crocodile, Black Turtle, Tent Turtle.

Animal Population

Tiger: 98 (Male-28, Female-44, Cub-26, As on January 1999)

Leopard: 115 (Male-32, Female-59, Cub-24 As on January 1999)

Elephant: 449 (M-85, F-282, Y-82 As on May 1999)

Area in Sq. Km.
Core 845
Buffer 1905
Total 2750
Latitude 20deg17'-22deg34'N
Longitude 85deg40'-87deg10'E
Rainfall 2000mm
Temp
Max. 42degCelcious (May-June)
Min: 3degC (Dec-Jan.)
Highest Point Khairburu (1165.6mt)
Conservation History
Declared Sanctuary December 1979
Proposed National Park August 1980 and June 1986
Made tiger reserve 1973
Ramtirtha Crocodile Rearing Centre 1979
Research

- Monitoring of population of major animals.

- Monitoring of rehabilitated crocodiles.

- Salt-lick maintenance

- Habitat improvement

- Tourism pattern study

- Pattern of habitat utilisation by Giant Squirrel.

Approach: (In Kms)
From Jashipur Pithabata
Bhubaneswar 252 290
Calcutta 290 270
Balasore 160 80
Jamshedpur 113 175

Season of Visit

The Sanctuary remains open to visitors tentatively from 1st November to 15th June.

Entry Permit issued from:

Office of Asst. Conservator of Forest,

National Park, NH-6, Jashipur and

Office of Range Officer, Pithabata

range, Pithabata Check gate Pithabata.

Biodiversity

Similipal is very rich in biodiversity with 7% of Indian species of flowering plants and 8% of orchids of India. Till date 1076 species of plants out of which 92 species of orchids have been identified in Similipal.

Fauna Census

The rich fauna of similipal includes at least 7% reptiles,20% birds & 11% mammals out of the Indian checklist. Thus, 42 major mammals and 260 species of birds and 30 species of reptiles have been identified in Similipal. As per the latest census following are the details of the status of some of the common species of wildlife.

Near by places of Interest

Ramtirtha, Deokund, Khiching, Panchalingeswar, Chandipur, Udaypur, Kuldiha Sanctuary.

Khiching (149 Kms)

The temple of Kichakeswari at Khiching, built entirely of chlorite slabs is unique of its kind in India. A plethora of other temples also dominate the place some of which are still in active worship. The small museum situated here boasts of highly important historical specimens of sculpture and art. Regular bus services are available from Baripada and Keonjhar. Frequent trekker services are available too.

Deokund (65 kms)

Deokund, a beautiful scenic spot amidst green forests, has picturesque waterfall. The hill top temple of Goddess Ambika is a special attraction of the place. No bus service is available to the spot. One can hire taxis/Jeeps from Baripada and Udala.

Bhimkund (162 Kms)

About 40 Kms.from Karanjia, near Booring village in Thakurmunda P.S. is the sacred pool BHIMKUND" in the river Vaitarani. The legend reveals that Bhima, the second Pandava used to take his bath in this pool when the Pandavas were passing their incognito life in Birat Nagar, said to be the present Kaptipada. Here river Vaitarani flows through a gorge in steps forming a series of picturesque rapids until it settles down in the pool called "BHIMKUND". It is encircled by precipitous stone wall. During Makar Festival in the month of January thousands of people gather here to take their holy dip. The place can also be approached from Dhenkikote (20 Kms.) on S.H. No 11 connecting Keonjhar and Panikoili. The place is ideal for picnickers.

Manatri

Only 40 Kms. from Baripada is the time honoured shrine of Kakharua Baidyanath (Temple of Lord Shiva) Being surrounded 3 sides by the Water channels of "Kundi" [Water channel] and the Gangahar river, it is a sacred place of repute. The temple itself is a fine specimen of Orissa's architecture. This place aglows on the occasion of Shivaratri festival and thousands of devotees gather here on auspicious days. Tradition ascribes that a King of Somavansi dynasty was attacked with leucoderma, his whole body being depigmented with white patches like water melon (Kakharu) was subsequently cured by the grace of the deity. Some Oriya inscriptions of Mayurbhanj Royal Family are seen on the temple walls. About one kilometre west of the temple are the remains of an ancient fort and 8 Kms east the ruins of Kuradiha Gada.

Haripur

Haripur, previously known as Hariharpur, was founded by Maharaja Harihar Bhanj in the year 1400 A.D. and remained as the capital of Bhanja Dynasty before its shifting to Baripada. Baidyanath Bhaanj, another ruler of the dynasty built here a magnificent brick temple in honour of his tutelary God Rasika-raya. Though in dilapidated condition, now the edifice has earned the distinction of being unique among the brick temples of Orissa. The vast ruins here afford ample and interesting materials for antiquarian research. A little north to the courtyard of Rasikaraya temple lies the ruins of Ranihanspur (the inner apartment of queen) and to the east once stood the Durbal Hall, studded with sculptured stone colums and arches of intricate designs, the remains of which have been recently unearthed. Closeby stands the brick-built rectangular temple of Radhamohan. The temple of Jagannath also stands nearby which is built in Goudiya style of architecture during the region of Harihar Bhanj. The deities have since been shifted to the neighbouring village Pratappur and are now worshipped there.

Lulung

About 30 Kms. from Baripada is Lulung, noted for its scenic beauty. Being surrounded on three sides by hills of Similipal range, it is an ideal place for rest, relaxation and adventure. Group picnickers find the place useful for spending their leisure time. The tourists may also fine charm in purchasing stone utensil of the place.

Devagram

About 50 Kms.from Baripada is Devagram, otherwise called Deogan. The river Sono flows close to the village. Ruins of old temples on the bank of the river speak volumes in mute voice. A change in the course of the river might have caused a great damage to these temples. The images of Ganesh and Parvati with Shiva Lingam and the eight-armed Chamunda on a heap of stone are found here. The sculptural beauty of the Gaddess and the pedestalaround reveal excellent workmanship. Fragments of stone supposed to be parts of the ruins of Chamunda temple are still lying in the river bed. The place is ideal for picnic.

Samibruksha

3 Kms to the south of Podadiha is seen the peak of a hillock known among the people as Samibruksha. The hillock is about 500ft. high. On the western side there are five caves, which look like five rooms from a distance. Tradition narrates that the five Pandavas hid their arms in these five caves before proceeding to the court of the king Virata. Thousands of pilgrims take their sacred bath in the nearby stream on Baruni day which falls in the month of Chaitra. Makar Sankranti which falls in mid-January is the most important festival of the place.

Simla

25 Kms. from Baripada on the left bank of the river Burhabalanga, Simla is famous for housing the shrine of Simileswar Siva. Hundreds of pilgrims visit the shrine everyday. The picturesque scenery of the place attracts group picnickers. A big fair is held on Sivaratri day which continues for a week.

Kuchai

The excavated prehistoric site of Kuchai 8 kms north of Baripada is known for yielding neolithic possessions of man. Pottery found with neolithic implements speak of occurence of a microlithic industry of the late Stone Age in Mayurbhanj district. Kuchai is on the way from Baripada to Similipal.

Kuliana

Located at a distance of 17 Kms. from Baripada on way to similipal. Kuliana is rich with palaeolithic artifices