Nabarangpur district was created on 02.10.1992. The geographical area is 5294.5 Sq Kms. The district extends in the West upto Bastar district of Chattisgarh, in the East upto Kalahandi district, in the North upto Raipur district of Chatisgarh and in the South to Koraput district. Nabarangpur district is situated at 190-14' Latitude and 82.32' Longitude at an Elevation of 1876' from Sea level. The district's demographic profile makes it clear that it is a predominantly tribal and backward district with 55.58% tribals and 73% of the rural families below poverty line (BPL).
River Tel which rises in the north of Nabarangpur district forms a sort of its geographical boundary with Kalahandi district and finally unites with a bigger Mahanadi river in Sonepur town. It is not perennial and dries up during the summer. The important river Indravati flows through Nabarangpur and beyond till it mergers with the mighty Godavari in Andhra Pradesh. It runs through a total distance of about 530 km out of which the Nabarangpur and Koraput districts contain about 130 km of its length. At Nabarangpur town the old girder bridge is replaced by a new span. Before reaching the Jagadalpur town in Chatishgarh state, it is joined by another river Bhaskal that drains the north of Nabarangpur. During the flood Indravati swells up to 450 ft wide and 24 ft deep. But a dam built for Hydro Electric Power circumscribes its flow and fury and at present it bears the vestige of its formal glory.
Nabarangpur District has a treasure of many ores like iron, chlorite, mica quartz and so on. The Heeraput village near Umerkote contains a fair deposit of haematite and limonite, each of which possesses about 60 % iron. Similarly the Tentulikhunti area of Nabarangpur has fairly large deposit of granites. The north of Nabarangpur district up to the boarder of Kalahandi has rock beds covering layered of coarse white quartz.
The Flora of Nabarangpur and even of Koraput is northern in character, though some of these have affinity with southern India. Sal and bamboo are the two species commonly seen in the whole region. The Paddy cultivation has systematically depleted the green patches and upset the scenic beauty of the district. Still the reserved forests and the protected hills, afford some pleasure of living in the lap to nature.
Among the wild animals there were the Panther, Leopard, Tiger, Hyena, Jackals, wild dogs that are now scarce due to human intrusion into their habitat. Buffalo, black bear, even bison were found in Umerkote region. The blank bucks so common in Chandahandi area are nowhere seen now. Spotted deer, Sambar, Barking deer were common sight in the Pre-Independence Nabarangpur locality. Common crocodile is occasionally spotted in the Indravati River. Pea fowl, red and grey jungle fowl are fairly found. So also the green pegion and duck . Over the years, these feathered friends are slaughtered by human greed and not surprisingly some of these species have become totally extinct.
|Nabarangpur District at a glance :|
|No of Blocks||10|
|No of Tehsils||04|
|Urban Local Bodies|
|ii) Notified Area Committee||01|
|No.of Revenue Villages||880|
Maa Pendrani of Umerkote is born out of a legend. A small village Pendra(Pendrahandi) near Umerkote worship a pure soul Pendrani, a married girl who was a victim of secret jealousy of her own brothers . As the story goes , her husband was overtly pampered by her parents who made him stay in their household with no work to bother about. The four brothers out of sheer jealousy conspired and succeeded in killing her innocent husband ( Pendara ) and buried him in their field . Sensing a foul play , Pendrani could unfold the heinous crime and apparently jumped into her husband's funeral pyre and perished in its flames. Days later her spirit was believed to roam about the villages helping those who trusted her supernatural transformation. People adore her scrifice and worship in a temple erected at Umerkote. That the local degree College is name after her is a tribute to the saga of supreme sacrifice.Sahid Minar
After independence a monument called "SAHID MINAR" was raised to mark the sacrifice of these innocent and long-forgotton patriots on the same river bank. Every year people gather at the Minar to pay floral tributes to those brave souls on 24th August. The Minar is located in the Papadahandi block of NabarangpurKhatiguda Dam
Four dams were constructed for the purpose of blocking the flow of River water . The highest dam is located at Khatiguda while the other two are constructed at Muran and Kapur. The last two envelope small streams which merge into river Indravati through the dam water.Maa Bhandaragharani
Maa Bhandargharani of Nabarangpur is the presiding deity of the locality. The name signifies the preserver of wealth and protector of lives. She is also worshipped in nearby villages. Tuesday and Saturday are marked for special worship. Devotees throng the temple precincts on every conceivable occasion to seek blessings.Lord Lagannath Temple
The temples of Lord Jagannath are scattered throughout the Nabarangpur district. But the ancient one is located at Nabarangpur itself. The temple has no outward trappings and looks like an old private quarter except, of course, for the Garuda stambha (pillar) on its frontal gate. Till the late 80's only the single deity -Lord Jagannath was stalled on the sanctum sanctorium. According to a legend, two other wooden idols-that of Lord Balabhadra and Goddess Subhadra were seized by one ruler of Bastar region and stalled at a temple in Jagadalpur and that of Lord Jagannth slipped from the elephant back half-way and was retrieved the next day. Now the three deities are worshiped from a huge pedestal, due to the zeal of devotees and officials who carved out two symmetrical wooden idols to replenish the fatal loss. The wooden carvings on the temple roof are a marvel to look at. Various forms of human, and animal find place on the wooden beams. Birds, flowers and other splendour of art and architecture cover every inch of the roof. Even a casual glimpse of erotica adds awe to the raving and scrutinizing eyes. What is displayed exuberantly on the stones elsewhere in the state is figured on wooden surface in this remote region. This treasure is well preserved with a coat of shinning black paint against the ravages of Time.