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Sundargarh district

Sundargarh district was constituted on the 1st January, 1948 out of the two ex-States of Gangpur and Bonai, which merged with Orissa on that day. True to its name, this "beautiful"district of Sundargarh with about 43% of its total area under forest cover and numerous colourful tribes dotting its landscape and with abundant mining potential is bounded by Ranchi District of Jharkhand on the North, Raigarh district of Chhatisgarh on the west and North-West, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur and Angul District of Orissa on the South and South-East and Singhbhum District of Jharkhand and Keonjhar District of Orissa on the east.

Geographically the district is not a compact unit and consists to widely dissimilar tracts of expansive and fairly open country dotted with tree-clad isolated peaks, vast inaccessible forests, extensive river valleys and mountainous terrain. Broadly speaking, it is an undulating tableland of different elevations broken up by rugged hill ranges and cut up by torrential hill streams and the rivers IB and Brahmani. The general slope of the district is from North to South. Because of this undulating, hilly and sloping nature of landscape, the area is subject to rapid runoff leading not only to soil erosion but also to scarcity of water for both agriculture and drinking purpose.

The nearest rail head to the district headquarters is at Jharsuguda at a distance of 35 kms. The rail link to Kiriburu passes about 26.2 km. within the district. There is also a rail link between Nuagaon and Purunapani, a distance of about 10 kms. Rourkela is the busiest railway station in both passenger and good traffic.

Sundargarh District at a glance :
Topographic Location
Latitude 21°36' N to 22°32' N
Longitude 83°32'E to 85°22'E
Geographical Area 9712 SqKms
(Second largest district in the State accounting for 6.23% of the total area)
Normal Rainfall 1657.1 mm
Forest Cover 4232.57 SqKms
(Second largest in the State accounting for 8.53% of the State total )
Major River Brahmani, Sankh & Koel - Tributary of Brahmani IB- Tributary of Mahanadi
Major Soil Type Alluvial and Lateritic
Demography (As Per 1991 Census)
Population 15,73,617 (Fifth most populous district)
18,29,412 (Provisional of 2001 Census)
Density 188 (2001) 162 (1991)
ST 7,98,481
( Second highest in the State accounting for 50.69 % of the district population)
SC 1,38,157 (8.76 % of the district population)
Socio-Economic Features
Cultivated Land 3,36,000 Hects
High 1,86,000 Hects
Medium 95,000 Hects
Low 55,000 Hects
No. of cultivators 1,97,019
No. of Agricultural labourers 91,068
Average size of operational holdings 1.73 Hects
Class-wise number of operational holdings
Class Number
Marginal 65,281
Small 51,767
Semi-medium 35,696
Medium 12,279
Large 984
Total 1,66,007
Per capita availability of food grains Qtls.1.55
Cattle population 17,36,327
Buffallo 60,929
Cows 2,84,939
Bullocks 6,76,121
Sheep/ Goat 7,14,338
Administrative and Legislative Units
No. of Sub-divisions 3
No. of Tehsils 9
No. of CD Blocks 17
No. of GPs 262
No. of villages 1744
Inhabited 1688
Uninhabited 56
No. of Urban Local Bodies 4
No. of fast developing urban pockets 5
No. of Police Stations 32
Sundargarh Police District 23
Rourkela Police District 9
No. of Parliamentary Constituency 1
No. of Assembly Constituencies 7
Health Units
No. of Medical Institutions 85
District Headquarters Hospital 1
Sub-Divisional Hospital 2
Other Hospitalls 11
PHCs 10
CHCs 6
PHC (N) 53
Ayurvedic Dispensaries 33
Homoeopathic Dispensaries 25
No. of Sub-Centres 345
No. of VHG 324
No. of TBA 1619
No. of AW Centres 1864
Veterinary Units
No. of hospital & Dispensaries 30
Livestock Aid Centre 113
Artificial Insemination Centres 74
KV Blocks & KV Units 22
Government Poultry Farm 1
Feed Mixing Centre 1
Livestock breading & Dairy farm 2
Intensive poultry development project 1
District Milk Union 1
Milk Producers Co-op. Societies 52
Literacy Rate
Total 18,22,42 65.22 %
Males 9,34,902 75.69 %
Females 8,94,510 54.25 %
Highway/road Numbers in km. Length
National Highway 1 105.3
State Highway 3 196.0
Major district road 14 330.6
Other district rod 4 53.6
Classical village road N.A 343.8
R E O Road N.A 400.0
Panchayat Samiti road 143 1349.6
Gram Panchayat road 795 3459.0