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 Punjab - Ludhiana

The city of Ludhiana with the population of more than 35 Lacs, is the District Headquarters of Ludhiana. Ludhiana is located on the latitude 30.55 North and longitude 75.54 East in the state of Punjab in northern India. The city stands on the Grand Trunk Road from Delhi to Amritsar. Ludhiana is now Punjab's most populated and very rapidly growing metropolitan city. It is on the south bank of the Sutlej river. The city was the sight of a great battle during the first Sikh wars. It was also an important center during the struggle for freedom, and is associated with names like Lala Lajpat Rai, Sardar Kartar Singh, Baba Santa Singh and Maulana Habibur Rehman. An important industrial town, Ludhiana in Punjab, is Textile and light engineering centre of India. Woollen garment machine tools, dyes, cycle parts, mopeds, sewing machines and motor parts produced here are exported all over the world. Ludhiana accounts for 90% of the country's woollen hosiery industry.


Punjab's most populous metropolis, its hosiery goods are in demand in all the markets of the east and the west, which include America and Russia. For its production of hosiery, Ludhiana is also known as the Manchester of India. The worlds largest bicycle manufacturer, Hero Cycles, which produces nearly three million bicycles annually, is based here. The rich agricultural area around it supports a large grain market. Christian Medical College Hospital, established in 1895, was the first school of medicine in Asia. The world famous Punjab Agricultural University is on the edge of the town organizes the Kisan Mela every Year. It has an excellent museum. Ludhiana holds world records in food production. However, Ludhiana's claim to fame is not its commercial enterprises alone. It is an important pilgrimage center as there are many historic Gurdwaras. There are a number of gurudwaras associated with the life and visits of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Among them the gurudwaras of Charan Kanwal and Manji Sahib are important.

History

From being a small village called Meer Hota in 1481 to later Lodiana and now Ludhiana, the city has never been caught napping. Under the Yodhas from the first to the fourth century, it later came under the rule of Samudragupta. But the Original Ludhianavis settled here much later in the ninth century. These were the Rajputs from south and then the Turks and the Afghans who took the Bet area of Sutlej on lease from Mohammad Gami. Later, the Sidhus, Gills, Sandhus and the Grewals came from the jungles of Jagraon and camped here.

Sikandar Lodhi sent Yusaf and Nihang to stop the approaching Baloachs. They crossed Sutlej and after defeating Khokhars of Doaba, established Sultanpur Lodhi. Nihang stayed back at village Meer Hota as Naib. He was the one who changed the name of the village to Lodiana. Later, his grandson, Jalal Khan, built the Lodhi Fort there. His two sons Aloo Khan and Khijar Khan divided among themselves the area around the fort but were dethroned by Babur who even demolished Nihang's tomb. That didn't end the travails of this town. During Akbar's reign, it was a tehsil along with Tihara.

Hathur, Bhundri, Machiwara, Payal and Doraha. Not many of us know that Guru Gobind Singhji traveled through Jharsahib, Machiwara, Kanech, Alamgir, Lama Jatpura and Lakha and finally at village Dina and wrote the famous Zafarnama in 1806. Maharaja Ranjit Singh also came to Ludhiana twice. On the pretext of solving the Patiala crisis, he won the area around Sahenewal and gifted 54 villages to Raja Bhag Singh of Jind. Diwan Mohkam Singh was made the ruler. The Brits too, traipsed along with Capt. Akhtar loni (1809-1815), an English political agent, followed by Capt. Maney and Sir Matton (1833-1838). After the death of Raja Sangat Singh, the Britishers captured 80 villages and Ludhiana came under Assistant Political Agent. During the First English-Sikh War, there were only 4,000 white soldiers. Ranjodh Singh Ladwa burnt this cantonment and looted the English at Baddowal. At Aliwal's War, however, Henry Smith defeated Ranjodh Singh.

The 1857 sepoy mutiny didn't amount to much as Deputy Commissioner Ricket successfully thwarted it with the help of Nawab of Malerkotla, Nabha patti. The Bet Muslims, however, revolted while urban Hindus and Sikhs remained pro government. In fact, fellow Ludhianvi Rai Kishan Chand Dhandari was the official advocate of the English at Lahore! Bassian Kothi was the biggest armour at that time and many secret agents lived in that area. Maharaja Dilip Singh was also kept for one night at Bassian Kothi. Kaonkey Kalan is another of the historical places in Ludhiana where antique coins were found along with bricks of 12inchX10inch size. It was also the main control area during the English Sikh War, while Chaoni Mohalla was an armament dump. English dug canals for irrigation and they helped their loyals to settle in bars that were vacated after the Partition. Maulana Shah Abdul Kadar led the Punjab mutiny. He was persuaded by blind Jaman Shah to settle here. It's here that he constructed a house and a masjid at Mouchpura now known as Masjid-do-Manjila. Jaman Shah would come here daily, bare-footed five times a day, to offer prayers. The Shah signed an agreement here in 1839 and the English crowned him king of Kabul. February 1921 saw Mahatma Gandhi at Daresi Ground in the city. At the end of the year, 3,000 freedom fighters from Ludhiana were arrested and sentenced to prison. Another 475 joined the Quit India Movement. Politically, Ludhiana has contributed five chief ministers, namely Bhim Sen Snahan, Justice Gurnam Singh, Gian Singh Rarewala, Lachaman Singh Gill and Beant Singh. The Goa War took 87 of its young soldiers.

Now, after partition of Punjab, its population has grown very fast and the small Cottage Industry also developed. The formation of new Punjab in 1966 made Ludhiana the central city of Punjab and so it became an attraction for everyone. Ludhiana is the central district of Punjab. It has its boundaries common with seven districts of Punjab. In the North, it has district Jalandhar and Nawan Shahar with river Sutlej forming the seperating line, in the North-East the district Ropar and Fatehgarh Sahib in the South-East. Ferozpur and Moga are in the West of Ludhiana. In the South Sangrur District. Ludhiana(East), Ludhiana(West), Jagraon, Khannna, Samrala, Payal and Raikot are the seven Tehsils (Sub-Divisions) of this District.

Culture

The Punjabi spirit of enterprise and business savvy is best exemplified by the city of Ludhiana. It is no exaggeration to say that in Ludhiana every household is a mini hosiery unit and everybody seems to be involved in some way or the other in this lucrative business. There are more than twenty colleges affiliated to Punjab University, Chandigarh. Literacy rate is very high in Ludhiana and is comparable to any well-literate corner of the country. The bhangra dance is common sight in the villages. Punjabi is the main language, while Hindi and English are also commonly used. In Ludhiana, Hindu festivals and celebrations such as Dussehra and Diwali are celebrated as enthusiastically as the birth and death anniversaries of the gurus and saints. The other festivals that are celebrated in Ludhiana are the Chhapar Festival & Baisakhi. To sikh community the festival of Baisakhi, celebrated in month of April, is of special significance because on this day in 1689 Guru Govind Singh organised the Sikhs into khalsa or `pure one'. In the countryside farmers start harvesting with great jubilation. Besides this all the festivals celebrated in Punjab are celebrated here with same enthusiasm.

In addition to this a number of fairs and rural sport Mela is held in ludhiana :

Killa Raipur

Killa Raipur, Twenty kilometers away from Ludhiana, is very famous for the Rural Olympics held there. People from different corners of Punjab come to observe the village youth demonstrate their sporting skills. The event is held in mid-February. The competitions are essentially of three types in the rural meets. Purely rural games are Kabaddi, Wrestling, and Weight lifting. The performing sports are Acrobatics, Twisting an Iron-rod by placing it on the Adam's apple, passing a tractor over the rib cage, cracking a big stone slab by place it on the chest. There are even more off beat feats, as seen where a young lad applied surma (kohl) on his eyes, with a knife held between his legs. And then there are the modern sports like Athletics, Hockey, Football, Volleyball, Handball, Cycling etc.

Kisan Mela

Punjab Agricultural University organizes a Kisan Mela in Ludhiana every year, where new techniques of farming are shown to the farmers. New hybrid quality seeds of food grains are displayed and sold.

Prof. Mohan Singh Mela

This is a cultural festival where artists, writers, poets and dancers from all over Punjab gather and perform. The aim of this festival is to promote Punjabi culture, language and literature.

Climate

Ludhiana has very hot summers and very cold winters. The monsoon visits this city around July and extends up to the beginning of September. Winters generally set in around November, when it becomes very cold during the night. If you can stand neither extreme heat nor cold, the best time to visit Ludhiana is from February to mid April. Thus, cotton clothing is apt for summers and woollens are required for winters.

Places of Interest

In Ludhiana

Punjab Agricultural University Museum

Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum

Christian Medical college

Around Ludhiana

Gurdwara Charan Kanwala at Machhiwara about 35 kms.

Gurdwara Alamgir 10 kms. from Ludhiana.

Gurdwara Nanaksar Sahib about 38 kms from Ludhiana.

'Hatur' About 54 kms. from Ludhiana sacred to Jains.

Doraha Sarai Doraha.

Archelogical site Museum, Sanghol.

Distance From
Delhi 315 kms
Ambala 96 kms
Jalandhar 57 kms
Amritsar 136 kms


How to Reach :-

Air : The nearest airport is in the state capital Chandigarh which is 100km away from Ludhiana.

Rail : Ludhiana railway station is well connected with New Delhi and all other important towns of India.

Road : Ludhiana is situated on the Amritsar-Delhi Grand Trunk Road. New Delhi, Amritsar, Chandigarh and other major cities in Punjab are well linked with Ludhiana through road.

Ludhiana at a Glance
Division Patiala
State Punjab
Area 3,744 Sq.kms
Head Quarter Ludhiana
Provisional Population 3030352 (Census 2001)
STD Code 0161
Best Season November To March
Tehsils Jagraon, Khanna, Ludhiana East, Ludhiana West, Payal, Raikot, Samrala.
Sub Tehsils Delhon, Kum Kalan, Machhiwara, Malaud, Mullanpur Dakha, Sidhwan Bet.
Development Blocks Dehlon, Doraha, Jagraon, Khanna, Ludhiana-1, Ludhiana-2, Machhiwara, Pakhowal, Raikot, Samrala, Sidhwan Bet, Sudhar.
Municipal Corporation Ludhiana
Municipal Council
Class-1 Jagraon, Khanna
Class-2 Doraha, Raikot, Samrala
Class-3 Payal
Nagar Panchayats Machhiwara, Malaud, Mullanpur Dakha, Sahnewal
Parliamentry Constituency Ludhiana
Vidhan Sabha Constituencies Dakha, Jagraon, Khanna, Killa Raipur, KumKalan, Ludhiana East, Ludhiana North, Ludhiana Rural, Ludhiana West, Payal, Raikot, Samrala.


Facts & Figures
  • Ludhiana, the Manchester of India, is the only Industrial city in northern India.


  • Ludhiana is a District Headquarter with Parliamentry Constituency of the same name.


  • It has four Vidhan Sabha Constituencies namely Ludhiana East, Ludhiana North, Ludhiana Rural & Ludhiana West, Two Development Blocks namely Ludhiana-I & Ludhiana-II.


  • It is Headquarter of Two Tehsils namely Ludhiana East & Ludhiana West.


  • It is one of the Four Municipal Corporations of the State.


  • Ludhiana is Fastest growing city in India. Its Population according to provisional figures of 2001 Census was 3030352 besides very large migrant population - more than 5 lacs approx.


  • In the country, Ludhiana has got the Highest per capita vehicles. Every 3 months around 10000 vehicles are added in the city.


  • Though the Official Capital of Punjab is Chandigarh, the Business Capital of Punjab is Ludhiana.


  • A Railway line and State Highway No. 18 connects it with Ferozepur which is at a distance of 124 kms. from Ludhiana. Other Railway lines from Ludhiana go to Lohian Khas via Nakodar, Jakhal via Dhuri.


  • STD Code of Ludhiana is 0161 and Pin Code Starts from 141001.






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