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Jodhpur

Famous for its magnificent forts and palaces, Jodhpur is the second largest city of Rajasthan and a major tourist attraction in the country. The city is situated at the edge of the Thar Desert with Jaisalmer on its west, barmar, Jalor and Pali on its south, bikaner on its north, and Nagaur on the eastern side. Jodhpur was founded by the Rajput chief Rao Jodha in 1459. The city was the erstwhile capital of the Marwar state. The city is surrounded by a 10 km long wall with eight gates serving as entrances. The new city is settled around this walled area. There are about 100 towers in the city, most of which are surrounded by defensive battlements. Jodhpur is a major export centre of handicrafts. This princely state is also referred as "The blue Town of Rajasthan". The most alluring part of Jodhpur is the traditional lifestyle, festivity and the smiling people who treasure this former princely state.

Fairs and Festivals


Marwar Festival is held every year in memory of the heroes of Rajasthan. The festival is held in the month of Ashwin (September-October) in Jodhpur, for two days during the full moon of Sharad Poornima. This festival brings alive the legend, folklore and romantic lifestyle of Rajasthan's rulers.

Shopping

The Sadar Market near the Clock Tower gives immense shopping pleasure to the locals as well as the visitors. The colourful but hectic bazaar consists of many narrow lanes, lined with tiny shops. Look for the tie & dye textiles, embroidered leather shoes, lacquerware, antiques, carpets and puppets. Here, one can buy exquisite Rajasthani textiles, clay figurines, miniature camels and elephants, marble inlay work and classic silver jewellery.

Climate

Jodhpur has extreme type of climate with temperature range variation being very high. Average rainfall is 32 cm annually. The best season to visit the city is between October and March. Like the oasis in the vast desert, the city has a variety of thorny shrubs all over the area. It also home to some of the animal species that can survive in an arid and dry environment.

How to reach

by Air

Jodhpur has its own airport and regular flight services conect the city with other major cities in and around Rajasthan.

by Train
The city is also well connected by the railway lines and trains are available for other major cities in the country from here. The 'Palace on Wheels' also visits this city of royal splendour.

by Road
The state transport has bus services from other cities of the state and some services are interstate too.

Distance from Jodhpur to :
Ajmer 210 Km
bikaner 245 Km
bhadrajun 97 Km
bhenswara 130 Km
barmer 225 Km
Chandelao 41 Km
Daspan 240 Km
Dhamli 100 Km
Devgarh 223 Km
Phalodi 137 Km
Ghanerao (Via Ranakpur) 215 Km
Jaisalmer 290 Km
Jaipur 335 Km
Jalore 135 Km
Jhalamand 10 Km
Jojawar 160 Km
Kishangarh 244 Km
Khejarla 84 Km
Khimsar 90 Km
Kumbhalgarh 270 Km
Luni 34 Km
Makrana 190 Km
Mandore 09 Km
Manwar Resorts 111 Km
Mt. Abu 264 Km
Nagaur 130 Km
Nimaj 113 Km
Narlai 140 Km
Osian 60 Km
Pali 85 Km
Pokran 186 Km
Pushkar 220 Km
Rohet 50 Km
Ranakpur 190 Km
Roopengarh 260 Km
Samode 375 Km
Sardar Samand 60 Km
Sodawas 90 Km
Jodhpur at a glance :
Area 78.60 sq. km
Population 6,66,279
Altitude 230 metres above sea level
Languages Marwari, Rajasthani and Hindi
STD Code 0291
best time to visit November to March
Location 2260 km From Udaipur, Rajasthan

Places of Interest

Forts
Mehrangarh Fort

Palaces
Umaid bhawan Palace
Jaswant Thada

Museums
Government Museum
Old Fort Museum
Mehrangarh Fort Museum
The Palanquin Gallery and Howdah Gallery

Gardens
Mandore Gardens
balsamand Lake and Gardens

Others
Clock Tower & Sadar Market

Places of Interest around Jodhpur

Cities
Mandore ( 8 km)
Dhawa (45 Km)
Khimsar (92 Km)
Nagaur ( 135 Km)
Osian (58 Km)
Rohet Fort
Pali (78km south of Jodhpur)

Tribes
Guda bishnoi ( 25 Km )

Lakes and Palaces
Sardar Samand Lake and Palace (55 Km)

Forts

Mehrangarh Fort

Situated at an altitude of about 125 metres, the Mehrangarh Fort is spread over an area of 5 sq. km in the heart of the city. The fort has seven gates of which the noted ones are the Jayapol, built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1806; Fatehpol or the Victory Gate built by Maharaja Ajit Singh; and the Lohapol or the Iron Gate. The 15 handprints, the sati marks of Maharaja Man Singh's widows who threw themselves upon his funeral pyre in 1843, can be seen beside the Lohapol. On the wall, one can see the strategically located cannons. Inside the fort, a series of courtyards and palaces greet the visitor. The palace apartments house a splendid collection of the trappings of the Indian royalty. The fort is visited by thousands of tourists every year who come to have a glimpse of the artillery system of the Rajput warriors. One can have a bird's eye view of the city from the fort.

Palaces

Umaid bhawan Palace

Made of marble and pink sandstone, the construction of the Umaid bhawan started in 1929 and it took 16 years to complete it. It is believed that the palace was constructed to give employment to the famine-struck population of Jodhpur. This majestic building is presently the residence of the former rulers with a part of it running as hotel and remaining part as a museum.

Jaswant Thada
It is a white marble memorial built in memory of Maharaja Jaswant II in 1899 A story goes that Maharaja Jaswant succumbed to injuries in this place while fighting the Mughal king Jahangir. Some rare portraits of the rulers of Jodhpur are also displayed here.

Museums

Government Museum

The Sardar Government Museum, library and the zoo are located in the pleasant Umaid Gardens. This museum has a rich collection of weapons, textiles, miniature portraits, local crafts and images of Jain Tirthankars. It is situated in the middle of the Umaid public gardens.

Old Fort Museum
This fascinating museum has palanquins, lavishly upholstered royal howdahs, a golden throne, shoes with pearls, paintings, mirrors, cribs weapons and a magnificently embroidered royal tent among its exhibits.

Mehrangarh Fort Museum
This is an excellent museum with rare and interesting artifacts, textiles, painting transport items etc laid out with utmost care and thought. The Palanquin Gallery and Howdah Gallery display a superb collection of old and costly specimens of great historical value.

Gardens

Mandore Gardens

About 8 km from Jodhpur, Mandore, the ancient capital of Marwar, has cenotaphs of the Jodhpur rulers. The beautiful gardens with high rock terraces make it a popular picnic spot. The garden has a gate known as the Ajitpol, which is decorated with paintings of the gods and goddesses of Indian mythology.

balsamand Lake and Gardens
About 5 km from the city lies the balsamand Lake and Gardens, a splendid spot. This pretty lake was built in AD 1159. by the side of the lake stands a beautiful summer palace surrounded by the equally beautiful gardens.

Others

Clock Tower & Sadar Market

In the old city, clock tower is a prominent land mark. but main attraction is the Sadar Market. The market has kept alive the old 'haat bazaar' culture.

Places of Interest around Jodhpur

Cities

Mandore ( 8 km)

Towards the north of Jodhpur is the ancient capital of Marwar, Mandore. It is just 8 kms from the city. Main attractions of the place are Hall of Heroes with sixteen huge figures carved out of a single rock, the shrine of 330 million Gods and the royal cenotaphs. but one can not miss the caves in crags and the sprawling gardens, which are now shelter place for monkeys and peacocks. Greenery of the place makes Mandore, in true sense, an oasis.

Dhawa (45 Km)
This wildlife sanctuary is situated at about 45 kilometres from Jodhpur. The main attraction here is the Indian antelope.

Khimsar (92 Km)
Around 92 km from Jodhpur lies the Khimsar Fort which dates back to 1523. This fort has also been converted into a hotel.

Osian (58 Km)
About 58 km from the city, on the diversion off the main Jodhpur-bikaner Highway, lies Osian, an oasis in the desert. Fifteen beautifully sculptured Jain and brahmanical temples dot the landscape of this ancient township. Of these the most outstanding ones are the Surya or Sun Temple, Kali temple, Sachiya Mata Temple and the main Jain temple dedicated to Lord Mahavira.

Nagaur (137 km north of Jodhpur)
At one end of the Thar desert lies the picturesque town of Nagaur. The Nagaur fort shimmers like a beacon in sharp contrast to the dull sandy stretch of desert which surrounds it. Located atop a hill like so many of Rajasthan's forts for strategic reasons is the historic Nagaur fort, dating back to the 4th century. The city itself has three main entrances called the Delhi Gate, the Tripolia Gate, and the Nakash Gate. The three palaces within the fort which are particularly exquisite are the Hadi Rani Mahal, the Sheesh Mahal and the badal Mahal which are noted for their beautiful frescoes. Nearby lies a mosque which was built by the Mughal emperor Akbar and a shrine dedicated to a follower of Moin-uddin Chishti, the famous sufi (mystic) saint who lived in nearby Ajmer. Also in Nagore lie a cluster of cenotaphs built in the traditional Rajput style; like pristine stone umbrellas. A major attraction of Nagaur is a cattle fair which is organised annually. The cattle fair is the second largest in Rajasthan and is a wonderful gathering of men and beasts, brisk trading and keen competition in the best traditions of this quaint little township. Held right on the outskirts of the town the fair features cock fights, camel races, puppet shows, folk dancing, tug-of-wars and a host of other things. The fair is renowned for the trading of cows, oxen, horses, camels and bulls (the Nagaur breed is known for its fleet-footedness). As the sun sets the atmosphere is enlivened by folk musicians whose melodies resound far and wide across the tranquil desert sands. The town has a population of 67,000 and its STD Code is 01582.

Pali (78km south of Jodhpur)
Once inhabited by the Paliwal brahmins, from whom the place gets its name, ancient Pali housed a highly evolved civilization. Today Pali's chief attraction is the Hatundi Rata Mahabir Temple.

Rohet Fort
About 40 km from Jodhpur lies Rohet Fort. The fort has now been converted into a heritage hotel. It is in this village that bruce Chatwin wrote The Songlines and William Dalrymple began The City of Djinns.

Tribes

Guda bishnoi ( 25 Km )

The villages are inhabitated by the bishnoi tribe who are staunch believers in the sanctity of plant and animal life. Villages are marked by Khejri trees and deers, which thrive there. The beautiful villages are home to several migratory birds, folk arts and authentic rural lifestyle.

Lakes and Palaces

Sardar Samand Lake and Palace (55 Km)

Rajasthani village life and vibrant cultural colours come alive as you drive along the 55 kms stretch. The monotony of the drive is broken by Chinkaras and black bucks who frisk pass the road.