Famous for its magnificent forts and palaces, Jodhpur is the second largest city of Rajasthan and a major tourist attraction in the country. The city is situated at the edge of the Thar Desert with Jaisalmer on its west, barmar, Jalor and Pali on its south, bikaner on its north, and Nagaur on the eastern side. Jodhpur was founded by the Rajput chief Rao Jodha in 1459. The city was the erstwhile capital of the Marwar state. The city is surrounded by a 10 km long wall with eight gates serving as entrances. The new city is settled around this walled area. There are about 100 towers in the city, most of which are surrounded by defensive battlements. Jodhpur is a major export centre of handicrafts. This princely state is also referred as "The blue Town of Rajasthan". The most alluring part of Jodhpur is the traditional lifestyle, festivity and the smiling people who treasure this former princely state.
Marwar Festival is held every year in memory of the heroes of Rajasthan. The festival is held in the month of Ashwin (September-October) in Jodhpur, for two days during the full moon of Sharad Poornima. This festival brings alive the legend, folklore and romantic lifestyle of Rajasthan's rulers.
The Sadar Market near the Clock Tower gives immense shopping pleasure to the locals as well as the visitors. The colourful but hectic bazaar consists of many narrow lanes, lined with tiny shops. Look for the tie & dye textiles, embroidered leather shoes, lacquerware, antiques, carpets and puppets. Here, one can buy exquisite Rajasthani textiles, clay figurines, miniature camels and elephants, marble inlay work and classic silver jewellery.
Jodhpur has extreme type of climate with temperature range variation being very high. Average rainfall is 32 cm annually. The best season to visit the city is between October and March. Like the oasis in the vast desert, the city has a variety of thorny shrubs all over the area. It also home to some of the animal species that can survive in an arid and dry environment.
Jodhpur has its own airport and regular flight services conect the city with other major cities in and around Rajasthan.
The city is also well connected by the railway lines and trains are available for other major cities in the country from here. The 'Palace on Wheels' also visits this city of royal splendour.
The state transport has bus services from other cities of the state and some services are interstate too.
|Distance from Jodhpur to :|
|Ghanerao (Via Ranakpur)||215 Km|
|Manwar Resorts||111 Km|
|Mt. Abu||264 Km|
|Sardar Samand||60 Km|
|Jodhpur at a glance :|
|Area||78.60 sq. km|
|Altitude||230 metres above sea level|
|Languages||Marwari, Rajasthani and Hindi|
|best time to visit||November to March|
|Location||2260 km From Udaipur, Rajasthan|
Situated at an altitude of about 125 metres, the Mehrangarh Fort is spread over an area of 5 sq. km in the heart of the city. The fort has seven gates of which the noted ones are the Jayapol, built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1806; Fatehpol or the Victory Gate built by Maharaja Ajit Singh; and the Lohapol or the Iron Gate. The 15 handprints, the sati marks of Maharaja Man Singh's widows who threw themselves upon his funeral pyre in 1843, can be seen beside the Lohapol. On the wall, one can see the strategically located cannons. Inside the fort, a series of courtyards and palaces greet the visitor. The palace apartments house a splendid collection of the trappings of the Indian royalty. The fort is visited by thousands of tourists every year who come to have a glimpse of the artillery system of the Rajput warriors. One can have a bird's eye view of the city from the fort.
Made of marble and pink sandstone, the construction of the Umaid bhawan started in 1929 and it took 16 years to complete it. It is believed that the palace was constructed to give employment to the famine-struck population of Jodhpur. This majestic building is presently the residence of the former rulers with a part of it running as hotel and remaining part as a museum.
It is a white marble memorial built in memory of Maharaja Jaswant II in 1899 A story goes that Maharaja Jaswant succumbed to injuries in this place while fighting the Mughal king Jahangir. Some rare portraits of the rulers of Jodhpur are also displayed here.
The Sardar Government Museum, library and the zoo are located in the pleasant Umaid Gardens. This museum has a rich collection of weapons, textiles, miniature portraits, local crafts and images of Jain Tirthankars. It is situated in the middle of the Umaid public gardens.
Old Fort Museum
This fascinating museum has palanquins, lavishly upholstered royal howdahs, a golden throne, shoes with pearls, paintings, mirrors, cribs weapons and a magnificently embroidered royal tent among its exhibits.
Mehrangarh Fort Museum
This is an excellent museum with rare and interesting artifacts, textiles, painting transport items etc laid out with utmost care and thought. The Palanquin Gallery and Howdah Gallery display a superb collection of old and costly specimens of great historical value.
About 8 km from Jodhpur, Mandore, the ancient capital of Marwar, has cenotaphs of the Jodhpur rulers. The beautiful gardens with high rock terraces make it a popular picnic spot. The garden has a gate known as the Ajitpol, which is decorated with paintings of the gods and goddesses of Indian mythology.
balsamand Lake and Gardens
About 5 km from the city lies the balsamand Lake and Gardens, a splendid spot. This pretty lake was built in AD 1159. by the side of the lake stands a beautiful summer palace surrounded by the equally beautiful gardens.
In the old city, clock tower is a prominent land mark. but main attraction is the Sadar Market. The market has kept alive the old 'haat bazaar' culture.
Towards the north of Jodhpur is the ancient capital of Marwar, Mandore. It is just 8 kms from the city. Main attractions of the place are Hall of Heroes with sixteen huge figures carved out of a single rock, the shrine of 330 million Gods and the royal cenotaphs. but one can not miss the caves in crags and the sprawling gardens, which are now shelter place for monkeys and peacocks. Greenery of the place makes Mandore, in true sense, an oasis.
The villages are inhabitated by the bishnoi tribe who are staunch believers in the sanctity of plant and animal life. Villages are marked by Khejri trees and deers, which thrive there. The beautiful villages are home to several migratory birds, folk arts and authentic rural lifestyle.
Rajasthani village life and vibrant cultural colours come alive as you drive along the 55 kms stretch. The monotony of the drive is broken by Chinkaras and black bucks who frisk pass the road.