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 Kodaikanal

Kodaikanal, the charming hill station, is situated at an altitude of about 2,133 meters above sea level with an area of 21.45 sq.km in the beautiful Palani Hills. The name Kodaikanal means the "gift of the forest". With her wooded slopes, mighty rocks, enhancing waterfalls and a beautiful lake, Kodaikanal is the most popular hill stations in South India. Kodai. The hill-plantain fruits and plums are known for their taste and freshness. The pride of Kodaikanal is the 'Kurinji-flower', which blossoms once in 12 years. The Kurinji last bloomed in 1992. The hill town is also renowned for its educational institutions of international repute. The temperatures in summer range from a maximum of 20C to a minimum of 11C, and in winter from 17C to 8C. Annual rainfall in the region is around 165 cms. The climate of Kodaikanal is pleasant throughout the year, but the best time to visit Kodaikanal is from April to June and from September to October.

Kodaikanal at a glance :
Area 21.45 sq.km.
Population 32,931 ( 2001Censes)
Altitude 2,133 metres
Temperature Summer Max 19.8C, Min 11.3 C
Winter Max17.3C, Min8.3C
Clothing Light woollen in the evening during summer and heavy woollen during winter.
Rainfall 165 cms (average). Heavy rains occur during October-December.
Languages Spoken Tamil and English
STD Code 04542
State Dindugal District, Tamil Nadu State, India


How to reach


By Air

The nearest airport is at Madurai (120 km from Kodaikanal).

By Train

The nearest railway stations are the Kodai Road Railway Station (80 km) and the Palani Railway Station (64 km).

By Road

Regular bus services are available from Madurai, Palani, Kodaikanal Road, Theni, Dindigul, Tiruchirapalli, Kumuli (Thekkady) and Coimbatore. Additional buses ply during the season. Taxis and vans are available for local transportation. There are no auto-rickshaws in Kodaikanal.

Contact

Government of Tamil Nadu Tourist Office
Municipal Bus Stand
Rest House Complex (Near Bus Stand),
Kodaikanal -624101

Distance from Kodaikanal to :
Chennai 520 km
Ooty 264 km
Trichy 197 km
Coimbatore 175 km
Kumili 160 km
Madurai 120 Km
Dindigul 90 Km
Bangalore 500 Km
Palani 80 Km
Cochin 330 Km
Courtlam 271 Km
Chidambaram 354Km
Coonoor 223 Km
Guruvayur 224 Km
Hogenakal 358 Km
Hydrabad 1013 Km
Kanniyakumai 370 Km
Kancheepuram 430 Km
Mamallapuram 451 Km
Mudumalai 293 Km
Mysore 312 Km
Nagore 421Km
Pichavaram 374Km
Point Calimere 335Km
Poompuhar 387Km
Pondycherry 358Km
Rameswaram 278Km
Salem 245Km
Sittannavasal 183Km
Thanjavur 341Km
Thekkady 147Km
Tiruchandur 321Km
Trichy 160Km
Tirunaelveli 258Km
Tirupathy 540Km
Tiruvannamalai 376Km
Tiruvandrum 366Km
Tuticorin 318Km
Vedanthangal 392Km
Velankanni 430Km
Yercaud 277Km


Places of Interest

Kodaikanal Lake
Berijam Lake
Shenbaganur Museum
Solar Physical Observatory
Bryant Park
Chettiar Park
Kurinji Andavar Temple
Other Temples
Water Falls
Bear Shola Falls
Pambar Falls
Silver cascade
Coaker's Walk
Vembadi Peak
Telescope Houses
Kukkal Caves

Kodaikanal Lake

Vera Levinge, a retired District Collector of Madurai, is the creative founder of Kodaikanal Lake. The lake is situated at 10 deg 14' n latitude and 77 deg 28' longitude at an elevation of 2285m above sea level and it looks magnificent with star shaped glittering water, in the midst of evergreen lush slopes. It is 3kms away from the bus stand. The lake is spread over 60 acres and surrounded by fine tarred road of 5 kms length, the maximum depth in 1962 was 11.5m but it is now about 9m due to siltation. The average depth is 3.0m. Boating and Angling facilities are available at the Kodaikanal Lake. The boat club provides boats for hire. There are luxury boats also. The boat club here offers several pleasure and racing trips. Fishing can also be done obtaining permission from Inspector of Fisheries. Ponyrides by children and adults walking around the lake are part of Kodai Holiday. The Golf Club is located 5-km from the Kodaikanal Lake.

Berijam Lake

Berijam Lake is one of the beautiful picnic spots in Kodai, located 21-km away from the bus stand. This lake supplies drinking water to Periakalam town. The scenery around here is delightful. It spreads over an area of 24 hectares.

Shenbaganur Museum

Shenbaganur Museum is located about 5 Km from the lake. The Sacred Heart College maintains this museum. One of the best orchidoriums in the country with more than 300 species of orchids exotic plants and wide-ranging collection of birds are found here.

Solar Physical Observatory

This oldest world famous institution was built in 1898. It is nearly 6 kms from the bus stand and situated at the highest point in Kodai hills at 7700 ft. It has a well equipped productive laboratory doing quality research work. Its director Evershed discovered the phenomenon of radial motion in Sunspots - known as Evershed effect. the Solar Physical observatory founded in 1898 lies at the highest point of the hills. It also houses a small museum.

Bryant Park

Bryant Park is a botanical park situated on the eastern side of the lake. It was landscaped and stocked by a British officer after whom it was named. , It is noted for flowers, hybrids and rafts. Varieties of flowers can be seen in a glasshouse. Cut flowers are exported from here. In month of May, the annual horticultural show in held here.

Chettiar Park

Chettiar park, managed by the township, is on the way to the Kurunji Temple. It is 3.2 kms from the Bus Stand. Unlike other areas this park is very quite and calm.

Kurinji Andavar Temple

It is a small temple located 3km northeast of the Lake and is dedicated to Lord Murugan. In Tamil literature "Kurinji" means "Hilly Region" and "Andavar" means God. From this temple, one can get a view of the northern plains, Palani Hills and Vaigai dam. This temple is associated with the Kurinji flowers, which carpets at hill sides and bloomes once in 12 years.

Other Temples

The Mariamman Temple, Vinayagar Temple, Murugan Temple, two mosques at Ellis Villa and Munjikal, sacred Heart Church, Munjikal, Francis Xavier Church, Gorapur, St. Mary's Church, Lassalette, St. Joseph's Church, Luthern Mission Church, Lake End, offer the devout a relaxed and genteel place to pray.

Water Falls

Thalaiyar Falls

This is also called as Rat tail falls. The widest falls, ranging from 13th kilometer on the ghat road to kodai. It is one of the highest falls in India, with their 975ft sheer drop.

Bear Shola Falls

An ideal picnic spot 1.6 km from bus stand and within 2 Kms off the lake, where once bears came to drink water. Hence the name of the falls became Bear Shola falls. The falls are at the best in rainy season.

Pambar Falls

"Grand cascade" is another name for this magnificent falls. It can be reached by a steep, precipitous path behind Pambar house. Racing down Pambar Raivine is Zig-zagging leving stream that cascades over a series of rock formations. It is 4 kms away from Kodaikanal.

Silver cascade

This water fall is located on the main ghat road, 8 kms away as one approaches Kodai from Kodai Road. Overflow of Kodai lake takes 180 ft leap over a steepcliff, to crash into a pool beside the ghat Road.

Coaker's Walk

Coaker's Walk is a one kilometer walk from the lake that offers good views. It derives its name from Lt. Coaker, who had prepared the map of Kodaikanal. There is a Telescope House here from where visitors can have a panoramic view of the valley and nearby township.

Pillar Rocks

Three granite boulders each vertically measuring a height of 400 feet stand shoulder to shoulder. It is located 8 Kms from the lake tower over the panoramic view

Vembadi Peak

Vembadi Peak is the second highest peak with a height of 2466m. A right turn in Berijam road and a steep climb leads you to the top. From the stone summit, one can have a magnificent view over Berijam lake, Vandaravu range, Mannovanur sheep farm , Poombarai valley and over all Kerala. The hike will begin from Kodaikanal TV Tower.

Telescope Houses

To enable the visitors to have a panoramic view of the valley and the nearby towns, two telescope houses have been put up at Kodai.

Kukkal Caves

To reach Kukkal Caves which is at a distance of 40 kms, travel by bus upto Poombarai and then give a walk. It is preferable to take a local guide. After walking through geranium plantations, pine and wattle forest, the Kukkal forest rest house can be reached. The early morning hike from the rest house will lead to beautiful shola with wild large orchids. One should be beware of leeches. The caves here are actually overhanging slabs of rocks. This rock shelter is at an altitude of 1500 m. The cave reveals traces of earliest settled tribals, Paliyans who used to wear leaf clothing. Overviewing the caves are Manjampath valley where bisons can be seen.

Motorable roads have the terminus in bold face, merely jeep ones have them in italics, approximate distances are indicated in brackets when known; when no roads exist, the time required for footing the distance is indicated.







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