The district of Azamgarh comprises a somewhat irregularly shaped tract of country lying south of the Ghaghra river, between the parallels of 25 degree 38 seconds and 26 degree 27 minute North latitude and the meridians of 82 degree 40 minute and 83 degree 52 minute East longitude. The administrative headquarter of Azamgarh is on Lucknow-Baliya state highway , 269 km. from capital Lucknow. It is bounded on the east by Mau, north by Gorkhpur, southeast by Ghazipur,southwest by Jaunpur, west by Sultanpur and northwest by Ambedkarnagar. The river Ghaghra separates the district from the Gorakhpur. Famous Personalities who belong to this district are Ayodhya Prasad 'Hari Oudh ' , Rahul Sanshkrityayan, Shyam Narian Panday, Laxmi Narain Misra, Soond Faizabadi, Allama Shibli Nomani, Zami Chiraiyakoti, Sabana Azmi, Sham sur Rahman Farooqui. Kaifi Azmi.
|At a glance|
|Height from sea||77.65 m|
|Population||31,53,885 ( Census-91)|
The principal town of the district also gives its name to the district headquarter and forms a tehsil of the name Sadar. It is on the road leading from Allahabd through Jaunpur to Gorakhpur. Metalled road from this place lead southeast wards to Ghazipur and Mau and westwards to Shahganj. There is a railway station of the same name on a branch of the north eastern railway. The city was founded around 1665 by one Azam Khan son of Bikramjit. The old fort of Azam Shah is situated on the bank of river Tamsa in east of city. There are 2 boys degree colleges-D.A.V.Degree college, Shiblee Degree college and 1 girls degree college-Agrashen Girls Degree College. On the road of Azamgarh-Ghazipur Shri Durgaji Post Graduate Degree college, Chandeshar is situated, which is 5 km. from city. The agricultural and Homoeopathic medical college is also here.A famous urdu library named as Shilblee library is located at Shiblee Academy. The Kunwar Singh park is also situated in the city.Nizamabad (Tahsil- Nizamabad , Block- Rani ki Sarai)
The place falls on Azamgarh-Nizamabad road at distance of 17 km. from district headquarter. A local tradition ascribes its nomenclature to one Sheikh Nizam-ud-din, a Sufi saint the reamins of whose tomb are pointed out here. The famous Gurudwara possessing a pair of wooden slippers and a dagger said to be of Guru Nanak who once visited the place. This is Born-place of famous poet Ayodhya Singh 'Harioodh'.Maharajganj (Tehsil- Sagari , Block - Maharajganj)
The place is located on the banks of Chhoti Saryu and is connected by metalled roads to Bilariaganj and Jianpur. The place is said to have derived its nomenclature from one of the rajas of Azamgarh, after whom the place came to known as Maharajganj. An old shrine dedicated to Bhiron Baba also known as Deotari, is by one tradition the spot where Parvati , the consort of lord siva, is said to have exhumed herself in the pyre of Daksha's yajna bedi or pyre on which the yajna sacrifice was to be performed. Yet another tradition describes it as being a gate of the ancient city of Ayodhya. It is the venue of a fair held every month on the day of full moon.
Its original nomenclature is said to have been Qasimabad, and to have fallen into decay before it was resettled, in the name of Raja Mubarak, a Sufi of Manikpur Karaa, by a sheikh landholder. The place is famous for the manufacture of Benarasi saris, which are also very popular and exported to the World. Among the old buildings the temple of Thakurji and mosque of Raja Sahib is situated there.Mehnagar (Tehsil- Mehnagar, Block- Mehnagar)
It is situated 36 km. from the district headquarter in eastsouth. The monuments of the fort built by king Haribans and huge pond is famous here. A religious fair is being organised every year on the ponds named as Madilaha which is 3 km. from tehsil headquarter.Durvasa
This place is situated on the sangam of Tons and Majhuee river which is 6 km north from the Phulpur tehsil headquarter. It is famous for the Ashram of Durvasa Rishi where in old days thousands of students came to gain the knowledgeDattatreya
This place is situated on the sangam of Tons and Kunwar river, 3 km. from Nijambad tehsil hq in the direction of southwest. There is a Ashram of Dattatreya Rishi where in past days the people came to achieve knowledge and peace. On the day of Shivratri fair is organized.Govindsaheb
Mahatma Govind Saheb had worshiped here. This place is 6 km distant from the Atraulia Block. On the day of Agahan sudi Dashmi a very big fair is held in which the cattle like cow, bull, buffalo, camel, horse, donkey and elephant are sold and bought. The period of fair is about one month.Avantikapuri (Awank)
This place is situated in the development block Muhammadpur. The tradition say that Raja Janmejai has organized Yagya for killing the all snakes on the earth.The temple and ponds of this place is famous, the people come here to take a holy dip in the pond.District Auraiya
The district of Auraiya lies in the southwestern portion of Uttar Pradesh 26° 21" and 27° 01" north latitude and 78° 45" and 79° 45" east longitude and forms a part of the Kanpur Division. It is bounded on the north by the districts of Kannauj, western border adjoins tehsil Bharthana of the Etawah district and the district of Gwalior. The eastern frontier marches with the district of Kanpur Dehat, and along the south lie Jalaun. The total area according to the statistics of 1991-92 is calculated to be 2054 square kilometer. Ghee and food-grains are main commodities of trade in Auraiya and Etwah. Ghee is transported to as far as Punjab in the west, Bengal in the East and Andhra pradesh, Tamil nadu and Mumbai in South and Southwest. Wheat and oils seeds are the main produce that is transported to the adjoining districts from Auraiya's Wholesale Market. District Etawah and Auraiya is known for Jamuna pari goats & Bhadabari Buffalows. Jamunapari Goats is world famous and in whole India it is found in Auraiya and Etawah districts.The main identity of this breed long ears, parrot like nose, long bodies,heavy feet and long hairs. This breed survives on Babul, Jherberi and green leaves for food and produces milk better than any other breed. It produces on an average 3 litres milk per day. Due to these qualities this breed is liked by everyone. Due to its uncontrolled export this breed is now vanishing. U.P. Govt. has banned its export since 1976. Total no. of Goats is about 5660. Bhadawari Buffalows are also is found in Auraiya and Etawah area. It is recognised due to its copper color and two or three white lines on its neck. Their milk contain around 13% fat. This much fat is not found in any other breed. They are highly liked by people due to these qualities. Apart these District Auria is also known for its Potato cultivation. Potato is the main crop of the district and exported to the neighbouring districts and states also. In 1999, it was grown on 6250 Hectares of land.
The temple of Devkali is located in the southern direction of district head quarter of Auraiya and near to the bank of Yamuna river. According to the ancient stories and customs, the temple is related to the 11th century A.D. but by the archeological view it was constructed in 18th century A.D. The temple is basically dedicated to Lord Shiva.Badi Devi Temple
The temple is located in Padheen Darwaja area at Phaphund Road, Auraiya. It is assumed to be the oldest of all Devi temples in the district.Guraiya Temple
This temple is famous for ancient architectural values.