The district lies between the parallels of 26° 23' and 27° 30' North and Latitude and 82° 17' and 83° 20' East longitude. Its maximum length from north to south is about 75 km. and breadth from east to west about 70km. The district lies between newly created district Sant Kabir Nagar on the east and Gonda on the west. On the south, the Ghaghra river separates it from the Faizabad and newly created district named Ambedkar Nagar. While on the north, it is bounded by district Sidharth Nagar. With regard to size it occupies 7th place in the state. Owing to the changing course of the Ghaghra, the area of the district is subjected to frequent alterations.
The climate of the district is more equable than the adjoining districts to the south.The year may be divided into four seasons. The winter season, from mid-November to February is followed by the summer season lasting till about the middle of June. The period from mid-June to the end of September constitutes the south-west mansoon season. October to mid-November is the post mansson or transition period.
The average annual rainfall in the district is 1166 mm.
During the winter seasons the mean minimum temperature is about 9 degree celsius and mean maximum 23 degree celsius while during the summer seasons the minimum is about 25 degree celsius and mean maximum is about 44 degree celsius.
In the southwest monsoon and the post monsoon seasons the relative humidity is high, being above 70 percent. Thereafter the humidity decreases and in the summer air is very dry.
During the mansoon season, and for brief spells of a day or two in association with passing disturbances in winter, heavily clouded or overcast skies prevail. In the rest of the year the skies are mostly clear or lightly clouded.
Winds are in general very light with a slight increase in force the late summer and monsoon seasons. The average annual wind blow in the district is ranging from 2 to 7.1 km/hrs.
|District Basti at a glance|
|Area (1991)||7309 sq km|
|Literacy rate||21 %|
The village of Ganeshpur is situated at a distance of about 5 Km. northwest from the district head quarters.
Makhauda is situated at about 57 Km. west from the district headquarters. This place is famous for as being Ramayana's period. King Dashrath was ruled on this part known as Koshal.Horticulture R&D Training Centre
Horticulture R&D Training Centre was established in 1956-57 in this district to promote horticultural development in eastern belt of U.P. The research and extension works for the development of important fruits, vegetables, species and ornamental plants, are being performed at this centre. The collection of important fruits of India are being also done at this centre. A Mushroom spawn production laboratory is under construction here, through which high quality mashroom seed will be produced and supply to producers. Bee keeping training is also imparted to farmers. The general variety mangos including Amrapali, Romani and Neelam plants are internationally important plants of this centre, which are being supplied to other district of the country.Chawni Bazar
Chawni Bazar is situated at a distance of 40 km from the district headquarters. It was the main shelter for freedom struggle during 1857 and is famous for having a Pipal Trees where about 250 martyrs were hanged by British Government in action after murder of Gen. Fort.Nagar
The village is situated at a distance of about 8 km from the district headquarters. To the west of the village is the large lake known as Chando tal, famous for fishing and shooting. Nagar stands on the raised site, and an attempt was once made to prove that it was the birth place of Gautam Buddha. Though this has long been discredited, the old mud still awaits exploration. From the 14 century the place became the headquarters of the Guatam Rajas, the remains of whose castle are still to be seen.Chando Tal
Chando Tal is situated at about 8 km from the district headquarters on the way to Kalwari. It is believed that, in ancient time there was an estate named Chandra Nagar which had been later converted into lake as a result of natural degradetion and became the famous Chando Tal. It is a stretch of water about 5 km long and 4 km. wide. Around this lake, fishermen and others are still getting an ornaments made of metal and other historical residues belongs to ancient period. Indeginous and migratry birds are used to come to this lake every year.Rashtriya Van Chetna Kendra (Sant Ravi Dass Van Vihar)
Van Vihar is established on the bank of river Kuwana on the way to Ganeshpur village at a distance of about 1 km from the district headquarters. There is a attractive children park and lake has been established by the Government as a picnic spot. River Kuwana touches Van Vihar on its two edges which increases the beauty of this place. Boating is also available at this place in lake as well as in river Kuwana. Generally during holidays and on Sundays there is more rush in comparison to other days of the week.Barah
Barah is situated at a distance of about 15 kms on the bank of river Kuwana, west from the district headquaters also. This place is mainly famous for Barah temple. Barah Chhatar is popularly known as Viyagrapuri in mythological books. This place is also famous for a mythological place of Lord Shiva.Bhadeshwar Nath
Bhadeshwar Nath is situated at a distance of about 5-6 km. on a bank of river kuwana from the district headquarters. There is a famous temple of Lord Shiva. It was believed that this temple was established by Ravana. A fair is held here on the occasion of Shivratri, which is attended by many people from different part of the state.Paida
Paida is situated at a distance of about 14 kms. on the way to Siddharth Nagar from district headquarters. Freedon struggle had been fought at this place as such freedom fighter monuments is also erected there, thus this place is mainly popular for freedom struggle. A park is also established by the Horticulture department here.Agauna
Agauna is famous for being the birth place of famous Hindi literature Sri Ram Chandra Shukla. This place is situated on the way to Ram Janki Marg from the district headquarters.District Bareilly
Situated between the latitudes of 28 degree 10 minutes & 28 degree 54 minutes and longitudes of 78 degree 58 minutes & 79 degree 47 minutes, Bareilly, one time kingdom of the Rohila Emperors, has always made its presence felt since ancient time. It has not only a glorious past but a thrilling present and promising future also. After Independence many economic as well as cultural activities started taking shape. In 1961, Camphor & Allied Products Ltd. Company established its manufacturing unit in Bareilly. Now it is one of the largest Camphor making units of the world. IFFCO has also its urea making plant and marketing office here in Aonla Tehsil. Apart from these two large scale industries Bareilly is also a leading manufacturer of handicrafts items mainly based on bamboos & woods. There are some other items viz. Cane furniture, Zari Zardozi, Surma, Patang Manjha on which Bareilly boost. Mere a glance at Zari items of Bareilly definitely transports the viewer to the history. The latest fashion blended with historical grandour is to be seen to be believed. In Bareilly district about 25000 families (Urban & rural both) are engaged in manufacturing activities relating to Zari-Zardozi. Needless to say that Zari items are 100% exportable. According to a rough assessment about 250-300 Delhi, Bombay & Jaipur based suppliers are engaged in exporting this especiality of Bareilly to many foreign countries like Germany, U.S.A. & West Asia etc., amounting to nearly Rs. 50 millions. Long Gowns, Jackets, Tops, Skirts, Salwar Suits, Purses & Shoes uppers with ZARI-ZARDOZI work are praised every where. Thousands of master craftsmen create Zari articles with other embellishments on all kind of fabrics and costumes which are adorned by connoisseurs both in India & abroad. Bareilly has also been the centre of cultural & educational activities in the province. From Pt. Radhey Shyam Kathawachak to Wasim Bareilvi this city has galaxy of literary. The Rohilkhand University, hub of educational activities of tarai region, attracts thousands of students. Bareilly, the kingdom of Rohila Emperors, is located in Tarai region of Himalayas.