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 Kaushambi

District Kaushambi is situated in the west of Allahabad district. In the north of the district Pratapgarh, in the south Chitrakoot, in the east Allahabad, in the west Fatehpur districts are located. The total geographical area of the district is 2012.8 sq. km. The district is divided into three tehsils named as Manjhanpur, Sirathu & Chayal. Tehsils are divided into Development Blocks. Sarsawa, Manjhanpur & Kaushambi are the development blocks in the Manjhanpur tehsil, Kada & Sirathu are the development blocks in the Sirathu Tehsil, Chayal, Mooratganj, Newada are the development blocks in the Chayal tehsil. The Ganga & The Yamuna are the main rivers of the district.The plain area of the district is situated in between Ganga & Yamuna so these rivers plays a very pivotal role in the agriculture of the district. The District Kaushambi is mainly an agricultural district in which the main crops are wheat and rice. Some area is cultivated under pulses also like Arhar, Urad and Chana. The famous Allahabad variety of Guava is actually the speciality of Kaushambi. The principal sources of irrigation are canals and tubewells. The district head quarters is situated in the township of manjhanpur. The other important towns are Sirathu and Bharwari. Both of which have railway stations. The district head quarter Manjhanpur is around 55 km away from Allahabad. From Allahabad to reach Mooratganj on the G.T.Road towards Kanpur, from Mooratganj take a left diversion reach Bharwari and proceed on the Mooratganj Mahewa Ghaat road to Manjhanpur. Apart from Allahabad and Kanpur other railway heads within the district are Sirathu and Bharwari.

Places of Interest


Sheetla Temple of Kara

The historical and religious importance of Kara is very old. This place is situated in the northwest of Allahabad about 69 km away. There are so many temples in Kara in which Sheetla Mata temple, Chhetrapal Bhairav temple, Hanuman temple and Kaleshwar Mahadev temple are famous. The temple of ma Sheetla is situated on the bank of Ganga river. It is known as the major shaktipeeth from all the 51 shaktipeeths of Goddess. In the idol, Sheetla Devi is sitting on gardhabha (ass). Followers of all the religions worship in this temple. It is said that by the worship of Goddess Sheetla on the ashtami of Krishnapaksha of the month of chetra they get rid of evil powers. This place has been a religious pilgrimage since at least 1000 A.D. Kara was also an important township in the kingdoms of medieval kings of the northern India and even today one can see the remains of the fort of king Jaichand, the last hindu king of Kannauj. Kara is also the birth place of the famous saint Malookdas(1631 - 1739 A.D.). The Aashram and Samadhi of saint is there. He was also a follower of Goddess Kara. The famous Sikh guru Teg Bahadur had come to Kara to discourse on various topics with Saint Malookdas.

Prabhasgiri(Prabhosa)

Prabhasgiri or Prabhosa is famous as a religious historical place on the bank of Yamuna river at the Manjhanpur Tehsil about 50 km away in the north of Allahabad. It is also said that Shri Krishna died at this place by the arrow of Jarat kumar in the suspicion of deer. In the earlier days there was a big Jain temple on a very big hill. After the demolition of this, another jain temple was constructed in 1824A.D. A cave which is 9 feet long and 7 feet wide is also there. In this cave the records are found in the brahmi lipi of second century before Gupta dynasty. Till now this place is the center of faith of all the followers of the Jainism. This was the place where the sixth teerthankara of Jains Bhagwan Padma Prabhu lived most of his life.

Kaushambi

Sir Leonard Wooley in his famous report had suggested Kaushambi as one of the two important sites in the Ganga valley, the excavation of which, according to him, would unravel the early history of the Indian people. It was a memorable event in the history of Indian Archaeology when first of March, 1948, Sir Mortimer, authorised the University of Allahabad to excavate Kaushambi with G.R.Sharma as Director. The excavations have been conducted in the following areas: near the Ashokan pillar which laid bare a part of the residential area of the city, the Ghositarama monastry, the defences near the Eastern Gateway and the tower at the northeastern corner, the Stone Fortress Palace.

Durga Devi Temple of Manjhanpur

This temple is situated about 1 km away in the southwest of Manjhanpur town area. In this temple there is an idol of black stone of Goddess Durga and Lord Shiva. It is believed that these idols are of the time of Buddha. On the occasion of Navaratri there is a large crowd to worship Goddess Durga.

Kamasin Devi Temple

This temple is situated on the bank of a pond about 10 km away in the west of Manjhanpur in the village of Gambheerapurab . According to the local tradition Kamasin Devi fulfils all the desires of her followers. Local people have a great faith on the devine powers of this temple.

Shri Ram Temple Bajha

This place is situated about 30 km away from Allahabad on the Allahabad Kanpur road . This place resides in the Chayal tehsil area. A huge temple of Lord Shri Ram is situated at this place. This temple was constructed around 20 years ago.

District Kaushambi at a glance
Area 1903.17 Sq Km
Population
Total 1294937
Male 683673
Female 611264
Literacy 48.2%
Administrative Set up
Tehsils 3
Development Blocks 8
Nyay Panchayat 96
Gram Sabha 440
Populated Villages 742
Non-Populated Villages 143
Towns 7
Bus Station / Bus Stop 79
Railway Station 12
Post Offices
Rural 155
Urban 7
Telegraph Office 29
Banks
Nationalised Banks 30
Rural Banks 23
Cooperated Banks 11
Cooperated Agriculture & Rural Development Banks 3
Education
Primary School 638
Junior High School 192
Higher Secondary School 46
Degree College 2
Industrial Training Institute (I.T.I) 1
Health
Allopathic Hospital & Dispensary 10
Ayurvedic Hospital & Dispensary 6
Homeopathic Hospital & Dispensary 6
Egyptian 4


District Lalitpur

Carved out as a district in the year 1974, Lalitpur is really not only the heartland but also heart shaped district of bundelkhand region. This district lies between latitude 24 degree 11 minutes and 25 degree 14 minutes (north) and longitude 78 degree 10 minutes and 79 degree 0 minutes (east) and is bounded by district Jhansi in the north, district Sagar in the south, Tikamgarh and Chhatarpur districts in the east and Shivpuri and Guna districts in the west. The geographical area of the district is 5,039 sq km.

How to reach

By Air

Nearest Airport is Gwalior at a distance of 235 kms from Lalitpur district.

By Train

Lalitpur at 33 km away is the nearest Railway Station on Delhi-Bombay railway line.

By Road

It is well connected with regular buses from Lalitpur Bus Station.

Lalitpur District at a glance
Area 5039 sq km
Population (1991 census)
Total 752043
Male 403685
Female 348358
Rural 646495
Urban 105548
SC
Total 188927
Male 100656
Female 88271
ST
Total 349
Male 195
Female 154
Literacy
Total 189713
Male 144721
Female 44992
Police Stations (2001-02) 15
Rural 11
Urban 4
Administrative Set up (2001-02)
Tehsils 3
Development Blocks 6
Nyay Panchayats 48
Gram Sabha 340
Nagar Palika Parishad 1
Nagar Panchayats 3
Bus Station / Bus Stop 184
Railway Stations ( including halts) 9
Length of Railway Lines (Broad Gauze) 75 km
Villages (1991) 754
Habited 689
Inhabited 65
Nagar Samuh 4
Post Offices (2001-02)
Urban 7
Rural 146
Number of Telegraph Offices 2
Commercial Banks (2001-02)
Nationalised Bank
Branches 23
Others 13
Rural Bank Branches 20
Co-operative Bank Branches 10
Agriculture & Rural Development Co-operative Bank Branches 3
Fair Price Shops (2001-02)
Rural 369
Urban 44
Education (2001-02)
Junior Basic Schools 908
Senior Basic Schools 226
Ucchattar Madhyamik Vidhyalaya 28
Degree Colleges 4
Polytechnic Colleges 1
Industrial Tranining Institutes 1
Roads (2001-02)
Total Length of Roads 1303 km
P.W.D. Roads 1211 km
Hospitals (2001-02)
Allopathic 7
Ayurvedic 32
Homoeopathic 22
Unani 2
Primary Health Centres 30
Community Health Centres 2
Family & Mother-Child Welfare Centres 13
TB Hospital 1
Leprosy Hospital 1
Veterinary Hospitals 26
Electricity (2001-02)
Total Electrified Villages 390
Electrified Habited Villages 390
Electrified Towns 4
Entertainment (2001-02)
Cinema Halls 4
Seats in Cinema Halls 2062

Places of Interest

Deogarh

Deogarh is situated on the right bank of the river Betwa at a distance of 123 kms from Jhansi at the western end of the Lalitpur range of hills. Distance of Deogarh from Lalitpur is 33 Kms. Deogarh has great antiquarian, epigraphical and archaeological importance. This town has figured prominently in the history. Traces and remains of the Guptas, The Gurjara - Pratiharas, Gonds, Mughals, Bundelas, Marathas are implanted in the surrounding of the town. Principal attraction of the town are Darticcotar temple, a fine Vishnu temple of Gupta period and a group of old Jain temples. The exquisite execution and beautifully carved panels of the temple have called forth the remark that "few monuments can show such high level of workmanship, combined with ripeness and rich refinement in its sculptural effect as the Gupta temple at Deogarh". Perhaps of somewhat later origin but no less rich in artistic, archaeological and epigraphical value is a group of Jain temples situated inside the fort of Karnali on the hill overlooking the river Betwa.. Some 31 of these Jain temples are still standing. The heavily ornamented ponds depict scenes and episodes from Jain mythology, myths and moments in lives of Jain Tirthankars. There are traces of outstanding craftsmanship, characteristic of Jain architecture and sculpture as the Manastambha (votive pillar), Ayagapatta (votive tablet), Pratima-sarvato-bhadrika (Jain image visible from all sides) and Sahastrakoot (pillars carved with thousand Jain images). The temple of Jain Tirthankar Shantinath is of unique importance of this place. The shape of this idol, in this temple is based on religious and ethical background. The Barah temple reminds one of the Chandela kings. Some other temples are Gajendra Moksha, Nar-Narayan and Vishnu. The art of Vaishnavi architect is said to be the soul of idol making in these temples. The style of construction of famous Dashavtar temple is a proof of the said fact. Apart from the idol of lord Shiva the sculpture and carvings of Pandava, Dropadi from the Mahabharat are of great interest. Some of the sculptures, related to Hindu holy book the Ramayan and that of lord Krishna are also kept here. There is an idol of Goddess possessing so many hands in the museum of Jain Dharmshala. This idol is very attractive and is of very high antique value. The languages used on different sculpture are Sanskrit, Prakrit or distorted Hindi. On the basis of inscriptions found in Deogarh it is derived that the art of idol making on stone dates back to the period of 919 to 1600 AD. Some stone cutting tools of the ancient times have also been discovered. A special style of Gandhar facsimile can be found not only on idols of Jain Tirthankars but also on statues of men and women depicted in Deogarh. This spot is an attractive place on the bank of Vetravati. The top view, from temple side of river Betwa is very picturesque because the river has converted itself in a shape of a brook. The land is full of various type of trees of botanical and natural values. The thick forest on the hill is a haunt of wild animals. Red stone and firewood are the two objects of commercial importance available in this area..

Neelkantheshwar Trimurti

It is 45 kilometers south from Lalitpur and 11 kilometers from Jakhlaun railway station. Between dense forests there is a Shiv Trimurti Temple of Chandel times. Just on its front of the entrance a Param Shiv Trimurti is placed on a huge Kailash (like Elephanta) and near on the ground is a "Mukhling". Height of Mukhling is 77 centimeters and diameter is 1 feet 30 centimeters.

Ranchourji

This place is situated about 4-5 kilometers away from Dhorra on the banks of Betwa River. Just like Pali Trimurti temple here is also a temple where wonderful statues of Vishnu and Laxmi are situated. A very big statue of Hanumanji is also here. Other than these there are remains of some very ancient temples. Some times back there was a very dense forest with wild animals.







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