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Lucknow

Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh is situated 123 m above sea level. It is situated on 26.30 & 27.10 North latitude and 80.30 & 81.13 East longitude. Lucknow covers an area of 2528 sq.km. It is surrounded on the eastern side by District Barabanki, on the western side by district Unnao, on the southern side by Raebareli and on the northern side by Sitapur and Hardoi districts. River Gomti flows through the city. Some of the tributries of this river are Kukrail, Loni,Beta etc. Sai river flows from the south of the city and in the east enters district Raebareli. The population of district Lucknow as per census 1991 is 27,62,801 lacs.

Climate


District Lucknow has almost uniformed tropical climate. The temperature varies from 45 celcius maximum in summer to 5 celcius minimum in winter season. Rainfall is 100 cm. per annum.

Culture and Lifestyle

The fabled city of Lucknow, capital of Uttar Pradesh, is as mysterious and unfathomable as its myriad lanes that twist into each other. No other place has been able to blend its past with the present with such consummate ease as has Lucknow. Sure enough, while the city has its fair share of Imambaras, Chikankari, Zardozi, it also has a fine sprinkling of plush showrooms, restaurants, cyber cafes, pool parlours, clubs and hotels. Of late, several international infotech companies and corporate houses have come to Lucknow, making it a truly cosmopolitan city. Today, the city is not laidback any more. It's hip. And it's happening. The composite culture and peaceful ambience of Lucknow has always attracted settlers from outside. Today denizens from all over the country have made it their home. Lucknow's promising future lies in its glorious heritage. It was an ancient seat of learning. It has been a city of gardens and impressive monuments. Places of worship belonging to all sects and denominations of important religions dot the city's landscape. The composite culture of North India is best reflected in the Ganga Jamuni Tahzeeb achieved here. Art, music, dance and drama flowered under the active patronage of connoisseurs, bold couturiers experimented with Chikan and Zardozi, which was reflected in great sartorial elegance, while innovative chefs perfected the art of slow cookery. Modern Lucknow, spread evenly on both sides of the river Gomti, is a perfect blend of the ancient with the modern , as many glitzy shopping arcades coexist with old monuments. Today it is a city of institutions and household industries where the past jostles with the present, the new assimilates into the old and harmony prevails amidst the diversity.

Institutions

Lucknow City is a very important administrative and commercial centre being the capital of the most populous state of the country. Important institutions and organisations are situated in Lucknow. Prominent amongst them are the Lucknow University, King George's Medical College, Nadwat-Ul-Ulema, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Science, Indian Institute of Management, Institute of Engineering and Technology, Giri Institute of Development Studies, Homeopathy and Ayurvedic Medical College, Arts College, Bhatkande Music College, Government College of Architecture. State Institute for Rural Development, and a number of institutions imparting technical, vocational and computer education. Lucknow enjoys the privilege of housing a large number of national level laboratories and research organisations. The important ones are Central Drug Research Institute, Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, National Botanical Research Institute, Birbal Sahni Institute of Paleobotany, Indian Cane Research Institute, Institute of Fisheries Development, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Mango Research Institute and Research Designs and Standards Organisation of Indian.

Agriculture

The forest area is negligible in the district. Shisham, Dhak, Mahua, Babul, Neem, Peepal, Ashok, Khajur, Mango and Gular trees are grown here. In fact different varieties of mangoes specially Dashari are grown in Malihabad block of the district and exported to other countries too. The main crops are wheat, paddy, sugarcane, mustard, potatos, and vegetables such as cauliflower, cabbage, tomato, brinjals are grown here. Similarly sunflowers, roses, and marigold are cultivated on quite a large area of the land. Apart from this many medicinal and herbal plants are also grown here.

Industries

In Lucknow, there are 39 large and medium scale industries, 12058 small-scale industries, and 21895 handicraft industries. It has many competitive advantages for becoming an industrial centre some of which are: its geographical location, important train junction, international airport, headquarters of SIDBI and other important banks, and flourishing agriculture in the districts in its vicinity Among the small-scale industries, the important ones are hosiery and garments, repairing and servicing, rubber and plastics, chemical, and chemical products, paper products and printing. Some prominent industries located in the city are - the units of Tata Engineering and Locomotives, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, Scooters India Ltd., Union Carbide Limited and Mohan Meakins Breweries Limited.

How to reach

By Air

Amausi Airport, Lucknow is directly connected with Delhi, Patna, Calcutta, Bombay and Varanasi by direct flights.

By Train

A major railway junction, Lucknow is conveniently connected to many cities.

By Road

Lucknow is connected by road with all the major cities of the country.

District Lucknow at a glance
Geographical Area (1990-00) 2528 sq km
Population (1991) 2762801
Literacy Rate (1991) 57.5
Sex Ratio 827 (females per1000 male)
Population Density (1991) 331
Tehsils (1991) 4
Community Blocks (1991) 8
Township (1991) 10
Ward (1999) 110
Villages (1999) 823
Gram Sabha (1999) 658
Nyay Panchayats (1999) 97
Electrified Villages & Hutments (1999) 1408
Educational Institutions (1999)  
Junior Basic School 1520
Senior Basic School 375
Higher Secondary School 121
Degree Colleges 20
Govt. Degree Colleges 2
Universities 2
Polytehnic 2
Polytehnic 5
Industrial Traning Institute 2
DIET Sanik Vidyapith 2
Literacy Rate  
Male 66.5
Female 46.9
Rural  
Male 48.6
Female 19.05
Urban  
Male 76.8
Female 62.4
School Complexes 991
Non formal Education Centres 600

Lucknow City

Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, extends along the banks of the River Gomti. The creator of Lucknow as it is today was Nawab Asaf ud Daula. The city became known as a centre for Urdu poetry and courtly diction, and reached its acme during the reign of Wajid Ali Shah who was a connoisseur of music and poetry. It was during his reign that the British appropriated Awadh. Legend says that Lucknow derived its name from Lucknau named after Lakshmana (a character in the famous Epic Ramayan) when his elder brother Rama gave away this part of the country to him. Today, the city is dotted with remnants of its rich historic past. Lucknow is also known for its elaborate cuisine and 'Chikankaari' or exquisite shadow-work embroidery on fine muslin cloth. The best time to visit Lucknow would be winter, i.e., between October and February, when the climate is pleasant and comfortable, making it easy to travel.

Distance from Almora to :
Area 79 sq km
Population 1731224 (1991 census)
Altitude 123 m above sea level
Season October - March
Clothing  
Summer Cottons
Winter Woolens
Language Hindi, Urdu, English
STD Code 0522

Places of Interest

Hussainabad Imambara

Near the Rumi Darwaza, this structure houses the tombs of Muhammad Ali Shah, its builder, and of his mother. Built between 1837 and 1842, it is also called the Chhota Imambara. It is approached through a fine garden. The Imambara has a white dome and numerous turrets and minarets. The walls of the mausoleum are decorated with verses in Arabic. Chandeliers, gilded mirrors, colorful stucco, the King's throne and ornate tazia or replicas of the tombs at Karbala adorn the interior.

Shah Najaf Imambara

This white-domed structure derives its name from the town of Najaf, about 200 km south of Baghdad where the saint Hazrat Ali is buries. It is situated on the right bank of the Gomti, In this mausoleum are buried the remains of Ghazi-ud-din Haider and his wives, including Mubarak Mahal, his European wife. The entrance leads to a beautiful garden. The silver tomb of Ghazi-ud-din Haider lies in the centre of the building and is flanked by the more imposing silver and gold tomb of Mubarak Mahal on one side, and another tomb on the other.

Residency

Built for the British Resident in 1780-1800, it was originally a very extensive and beautiful building, It was a scene of dramatic events during the Mutiny of 1857. The scarred ruins tell the story of the British community besieged by the rebels. The main house overlooks the river and is surrounded by terraced lawns and gardens.

Noor Baksh

Noor Baksh Kothi (Light giving palace) is in Lal Bagh area next to the Methodist Church and now known as Noor Manzil. It was believed to be built by Saadat Ali Khan as a school for royal children while others say Agha Mir, the Prime Minister was its owner. Rafi us Shan, son of Muhammad Ali Shah made this his residence till the end of Nawabi rule. Now it houses a psychiatric clinic for the mentally disturbed.

Asafi Imambara

Also known as the Bara Imambara, it was built by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula in 1784 and is one of the architectural highlights of the era. The central hall is said to be the largest vaulted chamber in the world. Except for the galleries in the interior, there is no woodwork used in the structure. A staircase from outside leads to a series of labyrinths known as the bhulbulaiya which visitors are advised to visit only with authorized guides. Within the compound of the Imambara is a grand Asafi mosque.

Rumi Darwaza

This colossal, ornate gateway is said to be a facsimile of one of the gates of Constantinople. It was built by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula in 1784, to create employment during the terrible famine of 1784.

The Clock Tower

It is located very near to the Rumi Darwaza. Built in 1881 by the British, this 67 m-high clock tower on the river Gomti is said to the tallest clock tower in India. The tower has European style artwork. The parts of the clock is built of pure gunmetal and the pendulum hangs 14 feet. The dial of this clock is shaped like a 12-petalled flower and has bells around it.

Kaiserbagh Palace Complex

The construction of the Kaiserbagh Palaces was started in 1848 by Nawab Wajid Ali Shah and completed in 1850. They were built to create the eighth wonder of the world. The yellow buildings on three sides of the quadrangle, now the property of Taluqdars, once provided quarters for the ladies of the harem. In the centre stands the Baradari, a picturesque white stone edifice which was earlier paved with silver.

National Botanical Research institute

Located at Sikandarbagh, where pitched battles took place during the Mutiny of 1857, the institute garden is open to the public from 6 am to 5 pm.

State Museum / Zoo

A favorite spot for recreation, Lucknow, Museum houses a large collection of artifacts and memorabilia and is located at Banarasi Bagh, within the zoo premises. The zoo has a large collection of animals, Museum open from 10.30 am to 4.30 pmand closed on Monday. Zoo is open from 5 am to 7 pm.

Gautam Buddha Park

Situated in between the Bara Imambara and the Martyrs Memorial, this park has been a recreation ground for children. Rides here are a big draw. Also used by political parties to hold rallies now.

The Elephant or the Hathi Park
Another recreation park.

The lemon park or the Nimbu Park
These parks of the Bara Imambara is also very popular

Zoo

4 km from the Charbagh station is the Lucknow Zoo or the Prince of Wales Zoological Gardens. The zoo comes under the Banarasi Bagh area. This Zoo, constructed in 1921, also has a museum, an aquarium and a toy train. The plane Rajhans used by Pandit Jawarharlal Nehru is also kept in the zoo. Open 8am to 5pm.

Other places of interest

Chhatar Manzil
Maqbara Saadat Ali Khan
Moti Mahal
Dilkusha Garden
La Martiniere
Alambagh Palace

Places of Interest around Lucknow

Kukrail Reserve Forest

A picnic spot developed by the Forest Department, it has a deer park and crocodile nursery. A variety of birds and deer can be seen in their natural habitat.

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary (43 Km)

Situated on the Kanpur highway, this sanctuary attracts Siberian migratory birds. The best season to visit is between October and March.

Deva Sharif (25 Km)

The tomb of Syed Haji Waris Ali Shah, known as Deva Sharif, is revered by both Hindus and Muslims. Devotees throng the shrine in October/November when the annual urs of the saint is held.

Naimisharanya - Misrikh (94 Km)

An important religious centre with the temples of the goddess Lalita, Dadhichi Kund, Vyas Gaddi, Chakratirth and Hanuman Garhi.

Devi Patan (70 Km)

70 km. from Gonda situated amidst Himalayan tarai is the Siddha Peeth of Devi Patan. Just 2 km. from Tulsipur, this famous shrine is among one of the 51 Shakti Peeths. It is believed that the right shoulder of Sati had fallen here. The Devi Patan Siddha Peeth had been established by Guru Gorakshnath of the Nath Sampradaya. The existing temple here is said to be constructed by King Vikramaditya. In the 1lth century King Suheldeo of Sravasti had renovated the temple. The Royal family of Balrampur is today the care taker of the temple. A large fair takes place in Navratri and every year on Chaitra Panchami the deity of Pir Ratan Nath is brought from Dang in Nepal to the Devi Patan temple where it is worshipped along with the Devi.