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Pilibhit District at a glance
Geographic Area 4436 sq km
Population (In '000 1991)
Male Population 1323
Female Population 1236
Total 2559
Rural 2445
Urban 114
Scheduled Caste 572
Scheduled Tribe 184
Literates (In '000 1991)
Total 794
Males 588
Females 206
Administrative Set up (2002-03)
Number of Tehsils 6
Community Development Blocks 23
Nyay Panchayats 187
Gram Sabhas 1262
Villages (1991)
Number of Inhabited Villages 2499
Number of Uninhabited Villages 34
Total Villages 2533
City and Town Areas 6
Municipal Council 1
Nagar Panchayat 5
Police Stations (2002-03) 26
Rural 21
Urban 5
Bus Station/Bus Stops 160
Railway Stations (including halts) 24
Length of Railway Lines
Broad Guage 186 km
Post Offices 492
Rural 477
Urban 15
Telegraph Office 8
Telephone Connections 34521
Nationalized Banks 50
Others 1
Gramin Bank Branches 93
Cooperative Bank Branches 28
Cooperative Agricultural and Rural Development Bank Branches 5
Fair Price Shops
Rural 1124
Urban 64
Bio-Gas Plants 7353
Cold Storage 5
Agriculture (2001-02)
Net Sown Area 286 ('000 hectares)
Sown Area (More than once) 153 ('000 hectares)
Net Irrigated Area 213 ('000 hectares)
Total Irrigated Area 309 ('000 hectares)
Agriculture Production (2001-02)
Food Grains 860 ('000 M.Ton)
Sugar Cane 482 ('000 M.Ton)
Tilhan 4 ('000 M.Ton)
Potatoes 157 ('000 M.Ton)
Irrigation (2002-03)
Length of Canals 1876 km
State Tubewells 779
Private Tubewells/Pump sets 77419
Animal Husbandry (2002-03)
Veterinary Hospitals 45
Livestock Service Centres 78
Artificial Insemination (AI) Centres 45
AI Sub-centres 61
Cooperative Societies
Primary Agriculture Loan Societies 185
Members of Societies 279000
Industries (2002-03)
Working Registered Factories under Industries Act 1948 (1999-00) 32
Small Scale Industrial Units 402
Employed Personnels 1478
Junior Basic Schools 2159
Senior Basic Schools 439
Higher Secondary Schools 181
Degree Colleges 9
Industrial Training Institutes 5
Polytechnic 2
Public Health
Hospitals and Dispensaries
Allopathic 15
Aurvedic 38
Homoeopathic 39
Unani 10
Primary Health Centres 82
Family and Maternity Welfare Centres 63
Family and Maternity Welfare Subcentres 361
Specialised Hospitals
Tuberculosis 1
Leprocy 1
Length of Pakka Roads (2001-02)
Total Length of Roads 2667 km
Roads maintained by Public Works Department 2410 km
Electricity (2002-03)
Total Electrified Villages 1838
Electrified Inhabited Villages 1838
Electrified Towns 6
Electrified Scheduled Castes Habitates 2381
Drinking Water Facilies using Taps/Handpumps (India Mark-II)
Villages 2499
Towns 6
Cinema Halls 6
Total Seats of Cinema Halls 3508


The land of Sultanpur district is generally plane except some regions around the Gomti river which drains almost the whole district. However, the southern part of Sultanpur drains towards Sai river flowing through the Pratapgarh district. The climate of Sultanpur is semi-arid with very hot summer and equally cold winter season. During the summer months i.e.May-June, the maximum temperature goes beyond 44 degrees Celcius and in winter months of Dec.-Jan. it is around 3-4 degrees. Geographic area of the district is 4436 sq km. It may be called an agrarian area as agriculture is the main occupation of the people. Sultanpur, the head quarter of the district is the only town of importance having municipal board. Other town areas are Amethi, Musafirkhana, Dostpur, Kadipur and Koeripur. There are six tehsils and tewnty two development blocks which form the district. Namely, Sadar (Sultanpur), Kadipur, Musafirkhana, Amethi, Gauriganj and newly formed Lambhua are the tehsils. There are one municipality and five town areas in the district. The city of Sultanpur (which gives its name to the district) lies in latitude 26 degree 15 minutes north and longitude 82 degree 05 minutes east on the right bank of Gomti about 61 km south of Faizabad, 42 km north of Pratapgarh and 138 km southeast of Lucknow. It is on the branch line of Lucknow-Jaunpur section of the Northern Railway (broad guage) passing through Sultanpur, Jafrabad and Jaunpur. Another branch line of the same railway connects it with Faizabad and Allahabad. Metalled road connects it Faizabad, Shahganj (district Jaunpur), Jaunpur, Pratapgarh, Raebareli and Lucknow. District road connects Sultanpur with Amethi. The original town was situated on the left bank of the Gomti. It is said to have been founded by Kusa, son of Rama, and to have been named after him Kusapura or Kusabhavanpur. This ancient city has been identified by General Cunnigham with the Kusapur mentioned by Hiuentsang, the Chinese traveller. He states that there was in his time a dilapidated stupa of Ashoka and that Buddha taught here for six months. There are Buddhist remains still visible at Mahmoodpur, a village, 8 km distant to the northwest of Sultanpur. In this city there are two parks, one maintained by Soldiers', Sailers' and Airmen's board and other privately maintained known as Chimanlal Park. A library called Vinayak Mehta library, aided by Municipal Board is the only library in the city. It is run by the Vinayak Mehta Library Trust Association and contains over 10,000 books. In Chowk there is a clock tower. On the bank of Gomti is Sitakund, where Sita bathed as she accompanied her husband (the Loard Rama) on his exile. Bathing fairs are

held there in Chaitra and Kartika. In civil lines opposite the collectorate is a church known as Christ Church which was opened and consecrated on the 16th November 1869. Next to the church, on the south side, stands Victoria Manzil, built in commemoration of the first jubilee of Queen Victoria. Now it is called as Sunder Lal Memorial Hall and it houses the office of the Municipal Board. A stadium, named as Pant stadium has been built in the city in 1954-55. The only mineral of importance is kankar found in great abundance all along the bed of Gomti. It lies at a depth ranging from a few centimeters to about one meter from the surface, in a stratum of about the same thickness. The kankars are of four types : bichua a first rate road metal, somewhat black in appearance, mathia, lighter and softer variety with which a quantity of clay or earth is always intermixed, patharia, a sandy stony metal, chatan, a hard yellow metal of considerable value. The reefs all along the Gomti also contain fossil formation of yellow color from which excellent lime is obtained. Reh or saline efflorescence is found in usar lands specially in tehsil Amethi. Clay is found in almost in every part of the district. A variety of clay known as multani mitti is found in the village of Dewar in pargana Chanda at a distance of about five kilometer from river Gomti. The village (Dewar) lies on the bank of a rain stream and the earth is found in a layer of about 15 cm thickness at a depth of about a meter. It is used for pottery and dyeing purposes.

District Sonbhadra at a Glance
Longitude 82.72 & 83.33 East
Latitude 23.52 & 25.32 North
Area 6788.0 sq Km
Average Height from Sea Level 285 feet
Average Rainfall 1036.6 mm
Temperature (In degree centigrade)
In Summer 10 - 45
In Winter 8 - 25
Male 7,71,817
Female 6,91,651
Total 14,63,468
Male 51.31%
Female 27.09%
Total 39.86%
Administrative Set up Duddhi
Number of Tehsils (3) Ghorawal
Number of Blocks 8
Total Nyay Panchayat 66
Total Gram Sabha 489
Villages 1426
Police Stations 16
Post Offices 137
Nationalised Banks 53
Small Scale Industries 3097
Junior Basic School 1069
Senior Basic School 155
Higher Secondary School 40
Degree College 4
Allopathic 17
Ayurvedic 19
Homeopathic 22
Unani 1
Special Hospitals
T.B. 1
Leprosy 2
Primary Health Centres 31
Family Welfare Centres 11
Electrified Villages 717
Theatres 7

How to reach

By Air

The nearest airport for Sonbhadra is Babatpur which is in District Varanasi & 110 Kms from Robertsganj (District HQ.). There are direct flights from Varanasi to different major cities i.e. Delhi, Agra, Khajuraho, Kolkata, Mumbai, Lucknow & Bhubhneshwar etc and vice-versa.

By Train

The nearest railway station for District Headquarter is "Robertsganj" which is on the loop line from Chunar (Delhi-Howrah line). There are so many other stations in District Sonbhadra i.e. Chopan, Renukoot, Shaktinagar etc. The trains directly connected Sonbhadra to various cities i.e. Delhi, Kanpur, Allahabad, Pathankot, Jalandhar, Amritsar, Ludhiyana, Ranchi, Lucknow, Kolkotta etc.

By Road

The Sonbhadra is well connected to Lucknow, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mirzapur etc by road. Buses are 24 hours available from Varanasi to Sonbhadra & it will take hardly 2 1/2 hours to Robertsganj (Distrcit Headquarter).


Unnao at a glance
Geographical Area 4558 Sq. Km
Sex Ratio (M:F) 1174 : 1024
Population Density 483 per Sq km
Literacy Rate
Male 51.6
Female 23.6
Administrative Set up
Tehsils 5
Blocks 16
Nyay panchyats 173
Gram Panchayats 954
Municipal Board 3
Town Area 15
Police Stations 18
Bus Stand 78
Railway Station 25 ( Halt Included)
Post Office 269
Commercial Bank
Nationalised 58
Other 26
Rural Bank 56
Cooperative 19
Agri.Coop. & RD 5
Bio-Gas Plant 5543
Cold Storage 12
Jr. Basic School 1865
Sr. Basic School 484
Higher Sec. School 152
Degree College 6
Polytechnic 1
Central School 1
Allopathic 16
Ayurvedic 49
Homeopathic 32
Unani 4
PHC 56
FWC 369
T.B. Clinic 1
Leprocy 1
Electrified Villages 1018
Cinema Hall 7
Rest Houses/Dak Bunglow
Irrigation 20
Forest 2
Zila Panchayat 2
Other 1
No. of Press 53