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  Map of Uttranchal

Dehradun

Dehradun is one of the oldest cities of India and is recently declared as the Provisional Capital of newly created Uttaranchal State in the month of Nov'2000. The district is named after its chief city Dehra Dun. The town lies in the Dun Valley, on the watershed of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers. The name Dehradun is a collection of two word "dera" meaning Camp and " dun" meaning valley. The district is situated in the north-west corner of the state. It is bounded on the north and to some distance in the northwest by the district of Uttarkashi, in the east by the district Tehri Garhwal and Pauri-Garhwal, in the south by the district of Saharanpur(Uttar Pradesh) and its southern tip touches the boundary of district Haridwar. Its western boundary adjoins the Sirmur(Nahan) district of Himachal Pradesh with the rivers Tons and Yamuna separating the two.

Communications


The district is served by roads and to some extent by rails. Dehra Dun and Rishikesh are the two railway terminials of the northern railway. The length of railway line in Dehra Dun district is 64.50 kms. The district is served by a total length of 2383 kms of roads. Of the total road length the State Public Works Department manages 1528 kms of which State Highway accounts for 144 kms., main district roads 265 km other district and village roads 1119 kms. Besides 501 kms of roads are managed by the local bodies and about 354kms managed by other state departments.

Agriculture and Irrigation

Agriculture in the Dun Valley is carried on the same way as in the plains, but in the hill areas, it requires hard labour and skill. The facilities for irrigation from canals and rivers are abundant but there is great deficiency of manure. Cultivation in the hill tract of Dehra Dun tehsil and throughout the Jaunsar Bhabar area is of two descriptions, regular and intermittent. The hills, however, contain very little level ground and terraced cultivation is therefore, the rule. Intermittent cultivation consists of small patches of hill sides cleared of shrubs and grass usually by fire. These patches are cultivated for a year or so and then left fallow both to recuperate and also to enable the coarse grass to grow. In the district there are two harvests, the kharif sown in June or little earlier in the hills and reaped in September and October and the rabi sown in October-November and reaped in march in the plains and in April and May in the hills. Paddy is one of the most important kharif food crops in the district. Many kinds of rice are sown in the area, both superior and interior. The district is famous for its basmati rice. Other important kharif crops are maize, mandus, jhangora, sonk, urd, kulath, tor (arhar) and sugar cane. Wheat is the principal crop of rabi and is grown in almost all parts of the district. Barley and mustard are other important rabi crops. The important fruits grown in the district are the mango, guava, peach, grape, strawberry, pear, lemon and litchi. Dehra Dun is famous for its litchi. Among vegetables, potato is the most important crop. Potato cultivation in the Mussoorie hills is an old and established industry. Besides, catering to the needs of the town of the district, a considerable portion of the production of potato is exported to other districts of the state.

Animal Husbandry

Live stock plays an important role in rural areas in raising the income of mall scale farmers. Cows and buffaloes are the main sources of milk, while male cattle are used for ploughing the fields. Sheep and goats are also reared in great number, both for meat and wool. Wool is of immense importance and is used for making home-spun woollen cloth and blankets. The production of milk per milch animal is very low. Action is being taken for the improvement of breed of the cattle. There is ample scope for poultry development in the district.

Industries

Tourist Industry possesses tremendous possibilities of development. On the one hand, there are beautiful hill resorts like "Queen of Hills-Mussoorie", Chakrata there are places like Sahasra Dhara, famous for its sulphur springs, religious and ancient places like Rishikesh and Lakhmandal, Dak Pathar-ideal picnic spot and Kalsi - place of historical importance of Ashoka's edic. Many institutions of national importance like the Forest Research Institute; Oil and Natural Gas Commission; Indain Military Academy; Indian Institute of Petroleum and Survey of India etc. are located in Dehra Dun which makes it a place of national importance attracting tourists in large numbers. A variety of items are produced in small scale units of industries like dairy, canning and preservation, bakery, chocolate, khandsari, teal, malt, textiles, card board boxes, printing, timber goods, steel furniture, liquor, ayurvedic medicines, resin and turpentine, tubes, leather products, musical instruments, optical lenses, miniature bulbs, medical instruments, agricultural implements, utensils and hospital equipments, sewing machines, metal goods and plaster of paris etc. In the rural areas of the district a number of cottage and village industries like wool industry, handloom cloth, powerloom, durries, tailoring, oil, gur, rice, apiary, baskets, cots and mats, walking sticks, pottery, brick kilns, smithy, leather flourish etc. Under the sericulture scheme the Government Control Silk Farm was established at Prem nagar in the district. The farm distributes healthy mulberry trees to the silk worm rearers in the district and a good amount is earned from the production of cocoons.

Education

The ratio of 5.11 Primary Schools per 10000 population is obtained in urban areas of the district ranging between the maximum of 15.93 in Mussoorie and the minimum of 0.65 in Clement town Cantt. The ratio of Middle Schools works out to 2.42 per 10000 if urban population in the district. The maximum ratio of 6.09 Middle Schools is observed in Majra and the minimum of 0.65 in Clement town Cantt. For every 10000 of urban population there are 1.45 schools of Matriculation Standard. With 5.24 schools of Matriculation Standard, Landour Cantt. presents the highest proportion per 10000 of population. The ratio of intermediate Colleges works out to 0.94 colleges in urban areas of the district. The maximum ration of 5.24 colleges is observed in Landour Cantt. Thus Landour Cantt. Shows the highest ratio per 10000 of population of schools of Matriculation Standard and Intermediate Colleges.

Important Institutions in Dehradoon

Some important institutions are located in Dehradun that provide research facilities and elaborate libraries with some of the best museums. A list of such institutions is given below :

Forest Research Institute

Established in 1906, the Forest Research Institute, Dehradun is one of the oldest institutions of its kind and acclaimed the world over. The Institute's history is virtually synonymous with the evolution and development of scientific forestry, not only in India, but over the entire sub-continent. Set in a lush green estate spread over 450 hectares, with the outer Himalaya forming its back drop, the institute's main building is an impressive edifice, marrying Greco-Roman and Colonial styles of architecture, with a plinth area of 2.5 hectares. The Institute has a developed infrastructure of all equipped laboratories, library, herbarium, arboreta, printing press and experimental field areas for conducting forestry research, quite in keeping with the best of its kind anywhere in the world. It is 7 Kms from Clock Tower, on the Dehradun-Chakrata motorable road and is of the biggest forest based training institute in India. Most of the forest officers are a product of this institute. The F.R.I. with its majestic building also houses a Botanical Museum for the attraction of tourists.

Indian Military Academy

Indian Military Academy became functional from 01st October 1932. It is Situated 8 kms on Dehradun-Chakrata road and 3 kms beyond F.R.I., Dehradun. It is a premier training institute for Army Officers. The academy has the following places of tourist interest:
Museum, Library, War Memorial, Arms and ammunition, Shooting demonstration room, FRIMS Golf Course(18 holes).

Wadia Institute of Himalyan Geology

The Wadia Institute Of Himalyan Geology is an autonomous research Institute of the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India. The Institute was shifted to Dehradun from Delhi in 1976. It is named after the late Prof. D.N.Wadia (founder of the institute). It is situated at 33, General Mahadev Singh Road, 5 Kms uphill from the Clock Tower. The institute carries out research in Himalayan Geology and related fields.

The Zoological Survey Of India

Founded in 1916, the Zoological Survey of India, 5 kms away on Kaulagarh road, a department under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, is a premier National Institute exploring the faunal diversity of the country. It undertakes surveys in all the biogeographic zones to collect, identify, collate and inventories faunal diversity of our country. The museum of this institute has a variety of Himalayan faunal diversity.

Central Soil and Water Conservation Research & Training Institute

Central Soil and Water Conservation Reasearch and Training Institute was established in 1974 at 218, Kaulagarh Road, Dehradun (Uttaranchal). The institute undertakes many programmes like Erosion control, Waste/degraded land development, Rain water management, Watershed management, Training in soil and water conservation and watershed management etc.

Defence Electronics Applications Laboratory (DEAL)

DEAL was founded in 1965 in Mussoorie (Uttaranchal); it was then known as the Himalayan Radio Propagation Unit. In 1968, the lab was shifted from Mussoorie to Dehradun (Uttaranchal) and in 1976 renamed as the Defense Electronics Applications Laboratory (DEAL). Since then, DEAL has expanded into a "major system laboratory" of the Defense Research & Development Organization (DRDO), Ministry of Defense.

Indian Institute of Petroleum

Indian Institute of Petroleum is situated at Mohkampur, Dehradun. Its major activities involves developing processes and Products for petroleum refining and petrochemical industries, to provide technical services, to carry out R&D work, training of personnel in oil and petrochemical industries, assisting in formulation of standards for petroleum products.

Instrument Research and Development Establishment (IRDE)

The origin of IRDE goes back to 1939 when Inspectorate of Scientific Stores was established at Rawalpindi (Now in Pakistan). This underwent many organisational and site changes until it took the shape of Technical Development Establishment (Instruments and Electronics) covering both R&D and AHSP functions in the fields of instruments and electronics and was located at Dehradun. The Establishment, during the subsequent years, shed some of its R&D and AHSP responsibilities and came into existence, in its present form, in February 1960. Instrument Reasearch & Development Establisment (IRDE), Dehradun, is a institution devoted to research, design, development and technology transfer in the fields of sophisticated optical and electro-optical instrumentation of vital interest to the Defence Services Instruments Research & Development Establishment.

National Institute of Visually Handicapped (NIVH)

National Institute Of Visually Handicapped (NIVH) is located in an area of about 43 acres on Mussoorie-Dehradun Highway. It is an autonomous body under the Ministry Of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government Of India. Institute is training centre for blind. It is also engaged in production of Braille literature, Aids and Appliances for Visually handicapped .

Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd.

In the year 1956, ONGC has established its Head Quarters in the famous Building, TelBhawan(Patiala House), at Dehradun. ONGC is the premier exploration and production company in India and accounts for 90% of the exploration effort, established reserves and production of oil and gas in the country. ONGC have built an organization with fiscal, technical and managerial strength to match any large oil company in the world. It is thus obvious that ONGC would continue to be a major force in the Indian oil industry in the foreseeable future.

Keshava Deva Malviya Institute of Petroleum Exploration

KDMIPE a unit of ONGC was first set up in 1962 as a research and training institute with assistance from United Nations Development Programme, it evolved into Institute of Petroleum Exploration in 1974. The Institute was christened as Keshava Deva Malviya Institiute of Petroleum Exploration in the year 1981 in memory of first Minister of Petroleum Shri Keshava Deva Malviya. KDMIPE caters to the research needs of ONGC's operating regions in the field of Geosciences for hydrocarbon exploration/exploitation and development of alternative source of energy, besides undertaking large number of need based essential and research projects directed at testing new methodologies, technology upgradation, development of new and novel ideas, generation and updating of geoscientific data and computer applications.

Rastriya Indian Military College

The Rastriya Indian Military College(RIMC) was inaugurated on 13th March 1922. The College is spread over an area of 138 acres in Dehradun Cantonment.The College is administered by the Union Ministry Of Defence through Directorate General of Military Training , Army Headquarters, New Delhi. The main purpose of the college is to train suitable candidates for admission to NDA.

Survey Of India

Survey Of India, The National Survey and Mapping Organization of the country under the Department of Science & Technology, is the Oldest scientific department of the Government Of India. It was set up in 1767 .The Survey of India acts as adviser to the Government of India on all survey matters, viz Geodesy, Photogrammetry, Mapping & Map Reproduction.

Wildlife Institute of India

Wildlife Institute of India (WII) was setup at Chandrabani, Dehra Dun in 1982 with a mandate to train government and non-government personnel, carry out research, and advise on matters of conservation and management of wildlife resources. WII was accorded autonomy in April 1986.

Indian Institute of Remote Sensing

Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) was established at Dehradun in collaboration with the government of Netherland. It is under National Remote Sensing Agency, Department of Space, Govt. of India. It is one of the premier Training and Educational Institute set up for developing trained professionals in the field of Remote Sensing, Geoinformatics and GPS Technology for Natural Resources and Disaster Management. The main area of the function of the Institute is capacity building through technology transfer among user community, education at post graduation level in the application of Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics for Natural Resource Management and promote Research in Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics.

Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration

LBSNAA was set up in 1959 at Mussoorie for imparting training to members of All India Services and Central Services(Group A) through common Foundation Course and to provide professional training to the regular recruits to the Indian Administrative Service(IAS). The academy also conducts in service training courses for middle to senior ranking members of the Indian Administrative Srevice as well as for officers selected for or promoted to the Indian Administrative Service from various State Civil Services. Courses on training of trainers in decentralized planning, training methodology etc are also regularly conducted. In addition, workshops and seminars are conducted in specific subject areas.

Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA)

The Indian Forest College was instituted in 1938 to impart professional forestry training to newly recruited forest officers. It was started as a constituent of FRI and colleges and was renamed as Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA) in 1987.IGNFA) is located in the New Forest Campus 5km west of the city centre of Dehradun. The Academy is conducting training for the Indian Forest service (IFS)cadre.

Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE)

The Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. The Council is the apex body in the national forestry research system to develop holistic forestry research through planning, promoting, conducting and coordinating research, education and extension on all aspects of forestry for ensuring scientific management of forest, tree improvement, forestry productivity through scientific and biotechnological research, bioremediation of degraded land, efficient utilization of forest produce, forest based value addition, conservation of biodiversity, effective agro forestry models for various agro ecological zones , policy research, environmental impact assessment and integrated pest management and disease. The Council has the following eight Institutes and three Centres situated under different agro ecological regions of the country:

1. Forest Research Institute, Dehradun
2. Himalayan Forest Research Institute, Shimla
3. Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur
4. Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Bangalore
5. Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore
6. Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur
7. Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat
8. Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi
9. Centre for Social Forestry and Eco-Rehabilitation, Allahabad
10. Centre for Resource Development, Chhindwara
11. Forest Research Centre, Hyderabad

Climate & Rainfall

The Climate of the district is generally temperate. It varies greatly from tropical to severe cold depending upon the altitude of the area. The district being hilly, temperature variations due to difference in elevation are considerable. In the hilly regions, the summer is pleasant, but in the Doon, the heat is often intense, although not to such degree as in the plains of the adjoining district. The temperature drops below freezing point not only at high altitude but even at places like Dehradun during the winters, when the higher peaks are also under snow. The area receives an average annual rainfall of 2073.3 mm. Most of the annual rainfall in the district is received during the months from June to September, July and August being rainiest.

How to reach

By Air

Dehradun is connected by Vayudoot services to Delhi from Jolly Grand Airport 26 kms.

By Train

It is connected among other places, to Amritsar, Howrah, Bombay, Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi and other major cities.

4309/4310 Ujjain-Dehradun
2019/2020 Bombay-Dehradun
4041/4042 Delhi-Dehradun
4265/4266 Varanasi-Dehradun
3009/3010 Howrah-Dehradun
2017/2018 Delhi-Dehradun

By Road

Dehradun is connected to other parts of India with a wide network of road route. Private Bus Services, Tempo (Vikram), Auto Rickshaw, Tonga, Cycle-Rickshaw & Taxis are available for local transport.

Banks

State Bank of India. Ph : 653578 Allahabad Bank, Clock Tower. Ph : 657339 Bank of Baroda, Astley Hall. Ph : 657384 Bank of India, Rajpur Road. Ph : 657374 Central Bank of India, Astley Hall. Ph : 657849 Oriental Bank of Commerce, Rajpur Road. Ph : 653729 Punjab National Bank, Paltan Bazar.

Dehradoon District at a glance
Longitude 77deg 34' 27" E to 81deg 02' 22" E
Latitude 28deg 53' 24" N to 31deg 27' 50" N
Altitude 640 m (2100 ft) above sea level
Area
Total area 3088.00 sq.km
Forest area 2200.56 sq.km
Net sown area 550.57 sq.km
Net Irri. area 217.53 sq.km
Population
Total Population 1025.68 thousand
Male 556.43 thousand
Female 469.25 thousand
Urban Population (50.26 %) 515.48 thousand
Male 282.32 thousand
Female 233.16 thousand
Rural Population 510.20 thousand
Male 274.11 thousand
Female 236.09 thousand
SC Population 137.46 thousand
Rural 77.29 thousand
Urban 60.18 thousand
ST Population 84.08 thousand
Rural 1025.68 thousand
Total Population 81.00 thousand
Urban 3.07 thousand
Population Growth per annum 2.91
Population density(persons/sq.km) 332.00
Sex ratio 1991 (Females per 1000 males)
Total 851
Rural 878
Urban 825
Literacy (69.50 %)
Total 597.39 thousand
Male (77.95 %) 367.11 thousand
Female (59.26 %) 230.27 thousand
Rurul (57.34 %) 239.97 thousand
Male (68.27 %) 154.96 thousand
Female (44.39 %) 85.01 thousand
Urban (81.04 %) 357.42 thousand
Male (86.96 %) 212.16 thousand
Female (73.71 %) 145.26 thousand
Total Workers (34.54 %) 354.30 thousand
Main workers 332.55 thousand
Administrative Set up Tehsils (4) Dehradun
  Chakrata
  Vikasnagar
Rishikesh
Community Development blocks (6) Chakrata
  Kalsi
  Vikasnagar
  Sahaspur
  Raipur
  Doiwala
Towns 17
Villages
Total 764
Inhabited villages 746
Uninhabited villages 18
Some facts in Percentage :
Agriculture & allied activitie 35.29
Mining & quarrying 0.22
Mfg.(non-household) industries 11.34
Households industries 0.86
Forest area as % of reporting area 69.76
Net sown area as % of reporting area 17.45
Gross Irri.area as % of reporting area 38.78
Average size of operational holding 0.92
Fertiliser consumption per Hect. 46.00
Value of output of major crops/hecta 4282.00
Value of output of major crops/capit 357.00
Per capita food grains production 93.00
Road length per 100 sq.kms 40.12
Post offices per lakh population 23.40
Telegraph offices per lakh population 7.12
Bank branches per lakh population 13.36
Per capita bank deposits 10105.00
Per capita bank credit 1891.00
Per capita bank credit to agriculture 244.00
Per Capita Bank Credit to Industries 901.00
Per capita bank credit to SSI 124.00
Per hectare bank credit to agriculture 2923.00

Places of Interest

In Dehradoon

Tapkeshawar Temple
Sahastradhara
Laxman Siddh
Malsi Deer Park
Chandrabani
Sai Darbar
Tibetan Temple
Robber's Cave (Guchhupani)
Lachhiwala
Bhagirathi Resort
Santala Devi Temple
Tapowan
Asan Barrage Water Sports Resort
Rajaji National Park
Dakpathar

Tapkeshawar Temple

Tapkeshwar Shiv Temple is an ancient place of worship and is situated on the banks of a rivulet, in the Garhi Cantt. Area, 5.5 km away from the city bus stand, the temple is well connected by road. It is named Tapkeshwar as water droplets, originating from a rock, fall on the Shivling placed in the shrine. People in large numbers participate in the fair organized on the occasion of Shivratri and pay their obeisance to the deity.

Sahastradhara

Sahasratra Dhara, laterally meaning, the 'thousand fold spring' is situated at a distance of 11 km away from Dehra Dun. The place makes an ideal picnic spot and is of immense attraction to visitors. The Baldi river and the caves provide a breathtaking view. The water here has a fall of about 9 m and leaves an incrustation of lime of all its touches. Particles thus accumulating over the centuries have formed a projecting ledge, and a sort of cave, from the roof of which falls a perpetual shower. There is also a sulphur spring in which visitors often take bath. Its water is said to cure skin infections and possess other medicinal properties.

Laxman Siddh

12 km away from Dehradun towards Haridwar/Rishikesh is a famous temple known as the Laxman Siddh. Legend has it that a sage underwent penance over here. Due to easy accessibility the temple is visited by a large number of people especially on Sundays.

Malsi Deer Park

10 km away from Dehradun, enroute Mussoorie is situated a beautifully developed tourist spot lying at the foot hills of the Shivalik range. Malsi Deer Park is a mini-zoological park comprising of a children's park enveloped by beautiful, natural surroundings. Alongwith the attractive environs the availability of refreshments makes the place an ideal sight-seeing cum picnic spot.

Chandrabani

Situated 7 km from Dehradun on the Dehradun-Delhi road is the famous temple of Chandrabani(Gautam Kund). According to the mythological beliefs, this spot was inhabited by Maharishi Gautam, his wife and daughter Anjani who are widely worshipped by the people. It is believed that the daughter of heaven-Ganga had manifested herself on this spot which is now popularly known as the Gautam Kund. Every year devotees, in large numbers, take a dip in the holy Kund. 2 km away from the main road, located in the midst of Shivalik hills, the place is a beautiful tourist spot.

Sai Darbar

Situated 8 km along the Clock Tower on Rajpur Road, is the Sai Darbar Temple. This place holds a high cultural and spiritual value and is visited by tourists from across the country and foreigners as well.

Tibetan Temple

Situated on Rajpur Road near the Sai Darbar Temple is a huge and colourful temple of Lord Buddha.

Robber's Cave (Guchhupani)

An ideal place for a picnic, Robber's Cave is just 8 km away from the City Bus Stand. Local bus services are available upto Anarwala Village, from where it is just a Kilometre's trek to the spot.

Lachhiwala

3 km from Doiwala and 22 km from Dehradun, on the Haridwar/Rishikesh road is Lachhiwala. The serene and blissful spot is famous for its picnic spots. The place also provides accommodation to tourists in the Forest Rest House nestled in the greenery.

Bhagirathi Resort

An 18 km drive along the Chakrata road, Bhagirathi Resort at Selaqui, Dehradun lends a breath-taking spectacle of the Himalayan ranges. The resort lures the tourists with its tranquil swimming pool, water slides and fountains. Against the backdrop of the mountain ranges, the resort is an ideal tourist spot.

Santala Devi Temple

About 15 km from Dehradun to reach the famous temple of Santaula Devi, one can utilize the bus facilities till Jaitunwala, then it is a 2 km drive to Punjabiwala by a jeep or any light vehicle and further it is a 2 kms trek to the temple. The temple stands as a symbol of the faith people have in the temple and has a great cultural and religious significance. Santla Devi, alongwith her brother, on realizing that they would not be able to face the Mughal Army , abandoned their weapons and began to pray. A light flickered and within moments they both were transformed into stone images. It is within the fort that the shrine was built and Saturdays marks the transformation of the Goddess into stone.

Tapowan

Approximately, 5 km from the City Bus Stand on the Dehradun-Rajpur road, this place is situated in beautiful surroundings. Legend has it that Guru Dronacharya had done penance in this area.

Asan Barrage Water Sports Resort

A water sports resort has been developed at the Asan Barrage by Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam in the year 1994. Asan Barrage was created in 1967 and it is popularly known as Dhalipur Lake. Situated 43 kms from Dehradun on Chandigarh-Shimla highway, the resort offers facilities like water skiing, boating, rowing, kayaking, canoeing etc. Wildlife lovers have an added bonus during the winter season as migratory birds can be seen in the vicinity.

Dakpathar

45 kms from Dehradun, Dakpathar is a beautiful tourist spot in the western Doon Valley, amidst the Shivalik range. Dakpathar has emerged a wonderful tourist spot under the Yamuna Hydel Scheme. The place is connected by a regular bus service from the Parade Ground and Highway Bus Stand near the Railway Station, Dehradun. Accommodation is available in a Tourist Rest House with swimming pool facilities.

Rajaji National Park

Rajaji National Park was founded in 1966 and spreads over an area of 820 sq.kms, the park with it's magnificent ecosystem, is nestled in the lush valley of Shivalik ranges. It represents the flora of several zones of the forest, reverine, broad leaf mixed forest, chirpine forest, scrub land and grassy pasture lands. There are 23 species of mammals and 315 of avi-fauna here. The Rajaji National Park is named after Late Shri C.Rajgoplalachari, popularly known as Rajaji. Best Tourist season is between November to mid June.

Around Dehradoon

Mussoorie

38 kms from Dehradun is Mussoorie with its green hills and varied flora and fauna, is a fascinating hill station. It offers a wonderful view of the Himalayan snow ranges to the northeast and the Doon Valley, Roorkee, Saharanpur and Haridwar to the South, creating an almost serene atmosphere for the tourists. Mussoorie was discovered by Captain Young, an adventurous military officer in 1827. He was lured by the extraordinarily beautiful ridge and laid the foundation of it. Mussoorie is located in the Garhwal hills. The name, Mussoorie, is derived from plants of 'Mussoorie' which were found in abundance here. After its discovery, this hill station gradually developed as a center of education, business, tourism and beauty. It is located at a height of 2,500 meters in the green Himalayan range. Due to its location and beauty, it is considered as the best hill station in the northern region. It is very close to Delhi, its overnight journey and one can return in one day . So, some people come here to spend their week ends. Also, the major Hindu pilgrimages like Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Haridwar, Rishikesh are not far from this place.

Climate

It is pleasant in summer (April to June) and clouding in (July to Aug.) and cool and serene in autumn (Sept. to Nov.) and winter months of Dec. to Feb. is severely bitty cold a time of snow fall, Mussoorie is called "Queen Of Hills" today it is one of the most popular summer destination in the northern hills.

How to reach

By Air

The nearest Airport is Jollygrant, Bhania Wala, Dehradun (60kms). Vayudoot services from Delhi.

By Train

Nearest railway station is at Dehradun, 34 km. Taxi and buses are available outside the railway station for transit to Mussoorie from Shatabdi Express.

By Road

Mussoorie is connected to other parts of India with a wide network of road route. Cycle-Rickshaw & Taxi are available for local transport.

Mussoorie at a glance
Location Garhwal Hills
Population 1.2 Lacks
Area 75 sq.kms
Altitude 2500 m
Temperature
Summer Max. 32.5 °C Min. 7.0 °C
Winter Max. 7.0 °C Min. 1.0 °C
Clothing
Summer Light Woolen
Winter Heavy Woolen

Places of Interest

Tibetan Temple

This temple is located in Happy valley area of Mussoorie. Both Company gardens and Tibetan temple can be seen in one day. They are located one kilometer from Lal Bahadur Shastri National Administrative Academy. The Tibetan temple is evidence to rich Tibetan cultural heritage. This temple is sure to attract attention of tourists.

Surkanda Devi

Situated at an elevation of 3030 m above sea level near village Kaddukhal the temple of Surkanda Devi is 33 kms from Kaddukhal and one has to trek about 2 kms. The temple of Surkanda Devi is situated on the top of the mountain and is of great religious significance. A fair is held every year on "Ganga Dussehra" during May-June in which thousands of people participate.

Bhadraj Temple

About 15 kms from Mussoorie, it is an ideal spot for trekking via Park Toll-Clods end, Dudhi. Situated on the extreme western region of Mussoorie town, Bhadraj offers a commanding view of the Doon Valley. Chakrata ranges and Jaunsar Bawar areas can be viewed from here. Bhadraj Temple is dedicated to Lord Bal Bhadra, brother of Lord Krishna. Every year in the third week of August on Shravan Sankranti day a festival is celebrated here.

Lake Mist

This place is seven kilometers on way to Kempty. Lake mist offers a perfect resting place for tired and weary tourists. One has to pay Rs. 25 to enter Lake mist. There are good accommodation facilities here.

Mussoorie Lake

This lake is located some seven kilometers on the highway to Dehradun. The gateway of this lake appears to be welcoming tourists from Dehradun. The entry charge to this lake is Rs. 15. One can enjoy boating at this lake. One also gets a very good view of the Dun Valley from this lake. The villages surrounding Mussoorie can also be seen from here.

Lal Tibba

This place is highest point in Mussoorie. Lal Tibba is located in Landour area which is the oldest inhabited place in Mussoorie.

Gun Hill

One can enjoy a thrilling ropeway ride to Gun Hill, the second highest peak of Mussoorie(2122 mts). The peak offers a panoramic view of the Himalayan ranges. There are many shops on the hill top so one can have a small little picnic here.

Municipal Gardens

The municipal or the Company gardens was previously (before independence) was also known as Botanical gardens of Mussoorie. These gardens were laid by famous geologist Dr. H. Fackner in the last century.

Camel's Back Road

The place offers a picturesque view of the sunset and a life like resemblance of a sitting camel. This road starts from Link hall in Kulri Bazaar and ends at Library Bazaar. One can enjoy horse (pony) rides on this road or just walk down the path. The road is three kilometers long.

Nag Tibba

55 kms from Mussoorie is very good place for trekking. Nag Tibba, as it is called, is the highest place around Mussoorie. It is surrounded by thick dense forests. The actual trekking for Nag Tibba starts some 21 kms away from the place. The 34 kms journey from Mussoorie is done on Taxi or Bus and the rest is covered on foot. This trek has its own charm and fun. The trek starts at Thathyud. 7 kms from here there is the forest departments rest house. To stay in the rest house reservations have to be done with Divisional Forest officer, Mussoorie. Note that there is no accommodation at Nag Tibba.

Dhanaulti

Dhanoulti is located 25 kms from Mussoorie on Tehri-Mussoorie highway. Here one has got good accommodation facilities. While going towards Dhanoulti, there are lovely green forest of fur and pine trees. These forests cover the Himalayan ranges lending them an unparalleled beauty. The fresh air and lovely surroundings fills you with enthusiasm and energy.

Kempty Falls

Kempty Falls are located 13 kms from Mussoorie. This place was developed as a tourist destination by John Mekinan after 1835. It is the most fascinating and the biggest water fall, Kempty located in a beautiful valley of Mussoorie.

Sahastra Dhara

Located 14 km from Dehradun is the famous picnic spot called as the Sahastra Dhara. Noted for their astounding beauty the medicinal sulphur waterfalls are a great attraction.

Jhari Pani Falls

These falls are located some 8.5 kms on the Jharipani-Mussoorie road. Seven kilometers of the road to these falls is covered by taxi and rest 1.5 kilometers has to be covered on foot.

Yamuna Bridge

About 27 kms from Mussoorie on Chakrata-Barkot road, is an ideal spot for fishing.

Ven Chetna Kendra

2 kms from Mussoorie on Tehri bypass is a spectacular picnic spot called Ven Chetna Kendra. It also has park. The whole area is covered with Deodar forests and thick undergrowth. The main attraction of this place has been animals in the park. It can be accessed by taxi or bus.

Vinog Mountain Quail Sanctuary

11 Kms to the south of Library Point lies an old sanctuary established in 1993 and covering an area of 339 hactares. It is famous for the extinct bird species, Mountain Quail(Pahari Bater), which was last spotted in 1876.

Chakrata

Chakrata known for its serene environs and pollution-free atmosphere, is situated at a distance of 98 kms from Dehradun at an elevation of about 7000 ft ( 2118 m ). It is having a cantonement township and the northern part of Chakrata sub-division provides a fascinating landscape for trekkers and nature lovers. Virgin forests of conifers, rhododendrons and oaks are best suited for long walks. A vast dense forest, dotted with attractive villages of the Jaunsari tribe, the area has the 10,000 ft ( 3084 m ) high peak of Kharamba. On its northern slopes is situated Mundali 9000 ft ( 2776 m ) where in the months of November to April skiers can enjoy skiing.

Tiger Fall

5 kms from Chakrata by foot, is a beautiful water fall, falling from a height of 50 m converging into a small pond which creates an enchanting effect in the scenic surroundings. It is in the north east of Chakrata and is at a height of 1395 m above sea level. Roaring, gushing water, thickly forest and a beautiful view makes it an ideal place for enchanting outing.

Lakhamandal

Past Kempty falls, 75 kms on the Mussoorie-Yamnotri road lies Lakhamandal, having a historical as well as mythological significance. It figures prominently in the annals of Mahabharata. Legend has it that the Kaurvas made a shelter house and conspired to burn the Pandavas alive here. Lakhmandal is situated on the bank of Yamuna at a distance of 35 kms. From Chakrata and 128 kms. from Dehra Dun. To the antiquarian it provides considerable material of interest. It contains temples dedicated to Diva, The five pandava brothers, Parasuram and Kedar. In order to burn the Pandavas, the Kauravas had built their 'Laksha Grah' (house of lac). The two remarkable well executed figures in stone of Arjuna and the other of Bhima are available in the village.

Moigad Fall

69 kms from Dehradun on Delhi-Yamunotri road via Dehradun-Vikasnagar, is the serene and tranquil Moigad Fall. On the way to Yamunotri, one can bathe at the foot of the fall, which is a refreshing experience for all.

Ram Tal Garden

9 kms from Chakrata on Chakrata-Mussoorie route is the Ramtal Garden. It is a 30 m long and a 20 m wide garden enveloped by greenery, making it an ideal picnic spot.

Kanasar

At a distance of 26 kms situated near Chakrata and 105 kms from Dehradun on Chakrata-Tyuni motorable road, surrounded by high peaks and dense rain forests the place is ideal for tourists. A forest Rest House in the picturesque surroundings is available for accommodation.

Devban

16 Kms away from Chakrata, this place is surrounded by dense forests and lies at an altitude of 9,500 ft. It provides a panoramic view of the majestic Himalayan ranges.

Hanol

Lord 'Mahasu' is worshipped in the village of Hanol, lying on the eastern bank of the Tons. The temple of the deity constructed in the 'Huna' architectural style elevated at 1429 m above sea level is 186 kms from Dehradun. It is believed that a demon lived here and devoured atleast one man a day. In mandrath, a devotee of Lord Shiva defied the custom and prayed to Lord Shiva for help. Deolari Devi another devotee of Shiva and a resident of Hanol on being directed by God sent her four sons to Mandrath and asked the man to plough his field. After a long fight lasting a couple of days the demon was killed and the man while ploughing his field discovered four Shivlings-Maasu, Pavasi, Vasik and Chalda named after the four sons of Deolari Devi. The villagers thereafter started worshipping Shiva as 'Mahasu'.

Kalsi

Approximately 5 kms from Dakpathar, is an Ashoka Pillar Rock Edict, built in 450 B.C., which represents the post-warfare era when king Ashoka converted himself to the Buddhist faith. The edicts ever aimed at the moral elevation of his people. One such edict at Kalsi is made of quartz which is 10ft long and 8ft broad. 'Gajottam' meaning 'the most excellent elephant' is inscribed on the right side of the rock and is engraved in Brahmi script in the eatern dialect of Magadhi, the then official language. The National Archaeological Department has taken the responsibility of preserving the edict having a high historical significance. The scenic beauty around Kalsi is picturesque. From the Yamuna upto Kalsi the land on the western bank of the river is formed in two successive ledges, each about 30 m high. Near the foot of the upper ledge is the Kalso stone containing one of Ashoka's Edicts.

Koti Power House

83 kms from Dehradun, this is one of the biggest power generating units in India.

Balani Devi Temple

Temple is situated on Dehradun-Tyuni motorable road via Chakrata 26 kms short of Tyuni and 60 kms from Chakrata.

Rishikesh

It is associated with Ram. According to legend, here he came on the advice of sage Vasishtha to do penance for killing Ravana. the king of Lanka. There are scores of ancient temples and ashrams affording spiritual solace to pilgrims. It is a spiritual town situated 24 kms upstream from Haridwar, at the confluence of the Chandrabhaga and Ganga. It is believed that God by the name of "Hrishikesh" had appeared as an answer to the hard penances by Rabhiya Rishi and henceforth the place derived its name. It is the starting point for the Char Dham pilgrimage and an ideal destination not only for pilgrims but also for the people who are interested in meditation, yoga and other aspects of Hinduism. For the adventure seekers, Rishikesh is the suggested place for starting their trekking expeditions to the Himalayan peaks and for rafting. Also, International Yoga week which attracts participation from across the world, is held here, every year, in February on the banks of the Ganga.

Places of Interest

Triveni Ghat

A bathing Ghat which resounds with the 'Arti' performed every evening to river Ganga.

Laxman Jhoola

A suspension bridge across river Ganga, on the old route to the shrines of Badrinath and Kedarnath is worth visiting spot.

Shivanand Jhoola

Also known as Ram Jhoola, the bridge runs across the river near Swarg Ashram.

Temples

Some premier temples in Rishikesh are Raghunath Temple, Pushkar Temple, Venkateshwar Temple, Chandra Mauleshwaran Temple, Shatrughan Temple, Bharat Mandir and Lakshman Temple.

Ashrams and Yoga Centres

Some of the main Ashrams are Shivanand Ashram, Muni Ki Reti, Mahesh Yogi Ashram, Shankaracharya Nagar, Swarg Ashram, Gita Bhawan, Ved Niketan and Yoga Study Centre.