In the vicinity of the spectacular Kumaon lies the district of Udham Singh Nagar which was a part of district Nainital before it gained the identity of a separate district in October 1995. The district was named in memory of Late Shri Udham Singh who has a great freedom fighter and who killed General Dyre after the brutal Jaliyanwala Bagh massacre. The district comprises of three main sub divisions Rudrapur, Kashipur and Khatima and is surrounded by the exotic Himalayan ranges. The district is situated at 28 degree south east, 30 degree north latitude, 78 degree and 81 degree east longitude of Kumaon. Nainital is to the north, Bijnour, Moradabad, Rampur to west, Bareilly, Pilibhit to south and district Champawat is in the east of this district. South east lies the border of Nepal. Reserved forest area lies at the borders of district Nainital and Champawat. The total district is Tarai. Water is available at the depth of 10 to 20 meters. Due to its special geographical structure the district is leader in agriculture in the country
Udham Singh Nagar is basically an industrial district and many industry related professions are prevalant here. The fertile land lends itself to different forms of agriculture giving rise to agriculture related activities and industry making this land a green place which has resulted into prosperity all around. Pantnagar university is a leading temple of learning in the fields of agriculture and technology with one of the finest built university all around the world. Industry contributes to give rise to economical development. There is abundance of industry in this land. There are fifty medium sized/large industry in the district. There are 6 sugar mills, 2 cloth mills, 8 paper mills, 2 flour mills, 3 polyster film and chips units. There are 2927 small and medium sized registered units in the district. 225 rice mills, 5 solvent plants, 11 flour mills, 20 processing units, 3 cement producing units and 85 agriculture related instruments are included in it. Apart from this copy making, wooden furniture marble tiles, tyres, printing press, aluminums industry, chips development, stone rolling mills, PVC pipe development units, mentha oil, pharmaceuticals, dal mills etc. are also there. All the villages are electrified in this district.
Nearest Airport is at Pant Nagar which is 11km away. This airport is 14 Kms from Rudrapur and about 40 Kms from Haldwani.By Train
Udham Singh Nagar ( Rudrapur) is well connected to Delhi, Lucknow and Calcutta by direct broad gauge line.By Road
Udham Singh Nagar ( Rudrapur) is well connected to important towns & cities of the country and nearby area.
|Udham Singh Nagar District at a glance|
|Area of the district||3055 sq km|
|Blocks ( 7 )||Jaspur|
|Palika Parishad ( 8 )||Jaspur|
|Nagar Panchayat ( 7 )||MahuaDabra|
|Population ( Census 1991 )|
|Schedule caste||1.21 lakhs|
|Schedule tribe population||.86 lakhs|
|Population density||299 per sq km|
|Season||Through out the year|
|Clothing||Summer -Light cotton & in Winter - Woollen|
|Languages||Punjabi, Hindi & English|
According to Historians, hundreds of years ago village Rudrapur was established by a devotee of lord Rudra or by Hindu tribal chief called Rudra, which has passed through phases of development to take the shape of city Rudrapur. The importance of Rudrapur has increased as it is the head quarter of district Udham Singh Nagar. During the reigns of mughal emperor Akbar this land was handed over to king Rudra Chandra in 1588. The king established a permanent millitary camp to free tarai from day to day invasions. Totaly neglected village Rudrapur was filled with new colours and human activities.
At a distance of 2 Kms. from the bus stand and half a kilometer away from the Rudrapur - Haldwani motor route, is situated the famous temple of Atariya. Every year during the occasion on 'Navratras' a large fair is held here and thousands of devotees come to seek the blessings of Goddess Atariya. The fair is held for 10 days. According to a folktale when king Rudra was passing through, his chariot got stuck into marshy land, so he decided to build a temple and well at that place. The present Atariya temple is the same.
Kashipur was known as Govishan during the time of Harsha (606-647 AD), when Yuan-Chwang (631-641AD) visited this region. The ruins of the large settlement of those days are still to be seen near the city. Kashipur is name after Kashinath Adhikari, the founder of the township and one of the officer of the Chand Rulers of Kumaon in the middle age. Girital and Drona Sagar are well known spots and are associated with the story of the Pandavas. The Chaiti Mela is the best known fair of Kashipur. Today Kashipur is an important industrial township. In autumn (after monsoon) one can see the snow clad peaks of Trishul and its surrounding. At a distance of 2.5 Kms from Kashipur bus stand on the Kashipur-Bazpur route, is situated the widely known temple of Chaiti Devi. Every year in the month of March during 'Navratras' a grand fair is held here and lakhs of pilgrims come here to worship the Goddess from various places. The enchanting Lake is situated at a distance of 2 Kms from Kashipur bus stand on the Kashipur-RamNagar route and is ideal picnic spot. A tourist rest house and private hotels are available for night stay. The new Collectorate is built on the Rudrapur Haldwani road is known for its grandeurs and is one of the very big structures in the state of Uttaranchal.
Govind Ballabh Pant University Of Agriculture And Technology is one of the finest temple of learning around the world. This university has huge contribution to Human Resource Development through its 13 Graduate, 73 Post Graduate and 52 PHD programs. More than 22000 students have passed through the above programs. The University has laid stress on horticulture, Agriculture Management, Animal Husbandry. A degree college is being established at Bharsar in Pauri so that horticulture can be used as a medium for development in the state. This place has rare sight seeing as it is surrounded by Kumaon Himalayas on one side and Nepal on the other (Tanakpur touches the Khatima border which is in Champawat district). Nanak Matta dam, Dronasagar and many other places are worth visiting. Atariya mandir mela and Chaiti mandir mela is famous where one can find local folk activities and mingle with local culture and traditions.