Raktha moksha in Ayurveda

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Dr. Sanand Ratnam

Posted By : Dr. Sanand Ratnam - B.A.M.S,PGDHM,Member,British society for rheumatology

Posted On : Aug 01, 2008 (Views : 5371)

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Rakta Mokshana is one of the pancha karmas. Rakta Mokshana is an unique contribution by Ayurveda. A number of diseases which are otherwise incurable can easily be cured through Rakta Mokshana (Blood letting). Susrutha has developed this as a specialized technique out of which Jaloukavacharna  has gained tremendous popularality even today, Rakta, the blood being the vehicle to carry & transport absorbed nutrients, Oxygen, metabolites etc.  From place to place. Correction of any abnormality in the blood by taking it out, Solves a number of problems.


Effect of Rakta Mokshana: -

Those who get Rakta Mokshana, regularly as a routine will never suffer from Twak Doshas. (Skin Problems), Grandhi ( Cysts & tumours), Sopha (inflammation), Rakta rogas ( Kusta, Nilika etc.,) Such is the miraculous effect of Rakta Mokshana.

How to Collect the Leeches:- 

1. Select a river/ stream with fresh flowing water.

2.Annoint your leg by applying flesh all around the calf or wrap a freshly sloughtered piece of leather to your leg with its inner aspect exposed for leeches & stand a while by keeping your leg in water. Leeches will automatically come to suck the blood from the leather & get stuck – up to the skin.

3.Come out of water & pick up the leeches & preserve them in pure water.


Another method of collection of leeches is to send one or two buffalos preferably having wounds or boils on their skin & make them wait in water for about 15 minutes. Now take the buffalos out and you will find the leeches sucking blood here & there on buffalo’s skin.

Another easier method is, leeches also are caught in fishermen’s net. Thus leeches can be obtained from fishermen.

There are professional leech collectors, Where ever there are Zoology sections in degree colleges. They will supply many leeches on request. Any how, it is very difficult to differentiate poisonous leech on the basis of color etc as described above. The only criteria of selection should be pure, flowing water.

Preservation of Jaloukas (Leeches):-


After collection of required number of leeches keep the individual leech – In separate glass bottles. Provide them food in the form of algae, fungi, small leaves like Bhumyamalaki, cooked rice or fine pieces of mutton. Change the water once in two days. The water must be cool and container must be highly transparent for light rays. The container should not be kept in hot weather / sun. The container must be sufficiently big to be filled up with only three fourths of water allowing enough space for movements of leeches. The lid of container must have holes for exchange of air. Generally, one litre horlicks bottle is used for preserving leeches. The individual leech which is meant for application must be starved for seven days both before and after its application. A belly full leech fails to suck blood at the time of Jaloukava charana. 

Stimulating Jaloukas:-

For the leeches to suck maximum amount of blood very quickly and swiftly without any problem, they must be stimulated and energized. For this, 1. Apply the paste of sarshapa + Rajani Kalka =Mustard and turmeric pastes to the leech. Take a rectangular tray and place turmeric powder & triphala churnam it. Drop the leeches in this water and you will find that an inactive leech becomes  highly active, and runs all around the tray which indicates its craving for food. Now , select the size of leech application on skin of the patient.

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