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Home » Medical » Contraception » Cervicle Cap

Cervicle Cap

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Cervical Cap is a soft, rubber dome-shaped cap with a flexible rim that fits over the cervix and prevents sperm coming in contact with an egg. It fits snugly over the cervix, the entrance of the uterus, and blocks sperm from entering the female reproductive tract. Cervical caps may be made out of latex or silicone. The cervical cap blocks most sperm from entering the uterus. Spermicide is added to the cervical cap to kill any sperm that may get outside of the protection of the cap. A cervical cap does not have any effects on either the male's or the females reproductive function. It is possible to get pregnant immediately when cervical caps are no longer used.

The most common side effect from using a cervical cap is vaginal irritation. Some women also experience an increase in the number of bladder infections they have.

The cervical cap is not a method of birth control that is widely used, and very few health care providers recommend this type of contraception. If you are interested in the cervical cap, be sure to check with your health care provider to see if this method is available.

Advantages of Cervical Caps

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May be used for repeated intercourse within a 48 hour period


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Rarely hinders the sexual experience


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Requires less spermicide than a diaphragm


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Reusable and relatively inexpensive


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Small and easy to carry


Disadvantages of Cervical Caps

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A woman should have a new cap each year.


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A woman should have a new cap each year.


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After putting it in, a woman must check to be sure it is covering the opening of the uterus, called the cervix.


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If left in too long, increases slightly a woman's risk for a very serious infection called toxic shock syndrome. Don't leave your cervical cap in for more than 48 hours.


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It increases a woman's risk for inflammation of the surface of the cervix.


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It is difficult for some women to insert a cervical cap properly even after being taught.


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It may accidentally be placed onto the cervix improperly or may slip out of place during sex.


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It may interrupt sex.


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Latex may cause irritation or a woman may be allergic to it.


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New fitting may be necessary after a baby, abortion, miscarriage, or gaining 15 pounds.


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Some women may not be able to wear a particular cap because it is not made in their size.


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The cervical cap must be fitted by a clinician.


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You must wash your hands with soap and water before putting in the cap.


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You need fresh spermicidal cream or jelly each time you use your cap.