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Home » Medical » Contraception » Diaphragm

Diaphragm

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»  Female Condom »  Implants »  Male Condoms
»  Spermicidal »  The Vaginal Ring »  Injectable Contraceptive / The Shot
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Diaphragm is a soft, shallow rubber dome that fits in the vagina covers the cervix and stops sperm from entering the uterus. The diaphragm blocks a man's semen from entering the cervix. A spermicide placed onto the diaphragm kills sperm. Diaphragm and the spermicide keep sperm from getting to the egg. The diaphragm may be left in place for 24 hours, but more spermicide must be inserted every two hours, or every time sexual intercourse is repeated. The diaphragm must be left in place for six hours after sexual intercourse before taking it out.

If you decide to use a vaginal barrier method, you need to use it every time you have sexual intercourse so you should use one that best fits your needs. Women using a diaphragm should be aware of the very low risk of getting toxic shock syndrome.

The diaphragm protects against certain STIs, including gonorrhea and chlamydia, but does not protect against others STDs such as HIV and herpes. Use condoms as well as the diaphragm for the most effective protection.

Advantages of the Diaphragm

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After you have given birth you can use the diaphragm again.


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It can be inserted up to six hours prior to intercourse, which some find very convenient.


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The diaphragm is an effective barrier to the sperm.


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There are no hormones, therefore no side effects


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There is no need to pull the penis out after ejaculation


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Sponges are easy to use, relatively inexpensive, and available without prescription.


Disadvantages of the diaphragm

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After putting it in, a woman should check to be sure it is covering the opening of the cervix.


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If your body changes in any way, including childbirth you may need to get refitted.


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Inserting the diaphragm may interrupt sex.


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It may be difficult to insert the diaphragm correctly.


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It may slip out of place during sex. If you change who is on top, you may want to check to see that the diaphragm is still covering the cervix.


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The medical doctor must fit you with a diaphragm.


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Use of a diaphragm could increase the chances of a urinary tract infection.


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You cannot remove the diaphragm for at least six hours after intercourse.


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You must wash your hands with soap and water before putting a diaphragm in.


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It is not recommended that you use a diaphragm during menstruation.