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Home » Medical » Contraception » Contraceptive Spermicide

Contraceptive Spermicide

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Spermicidal is a chemical called nonoxynol-9 comes in many forms and can destroy sperm on contact. Spermicides are composed of a spermicidal agent in a carrier that allows dispersion and retention of the agent in the vagina. Spermicidal contraceptives are useful additional safeguards but do not give adequate protection if used alone except where fertility is already significantly diminished. They are suitable for use with barrier methods such as the cap and diaphragm.

There are several different types of spermicides. Most are similar in terms of cost and how well they work. Put the spermicide in before every act of sex. Always read the directions that come with every spermicide. If you have sex again, insert more spermicide. Do not douche for at least 6 hours after intercourse, or you could wash away the protection. They come as jellies, creams, suppositories and foam.

Avoid spermicides in men and women who might be at high risk of infection, as multiple use of spermicide may cause irritation to the vagina and rectum, increasing the chance of infection.

Spermicides are available as

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Aerosol foam


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Cream1


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Film


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Jelly


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Pessary


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Sponge


Advantages of Contraceptive Spermicide

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Can be put in ahead of time.


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No prescription is needed; vaginal spermicides are available over the counter without a prescription.


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Providing lubrication.


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Spermicides are thought to increase the effectiveness of the diaphragm, and it remains common practice to use a spermicide with a diaphragm.


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Spermicides may help protect against certain sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea and chlamydia.


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The man's penis can remain inside the vagina after ejaculation.


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Use condoms if you feel you are at risk.


Disadvantages of Contraceptive Spermicide

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If sex last longer than one hour, you must insert more Spermicides.


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Must be used correctly every time.


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Some women get irritated from some brands; this will go away once you stop using the product.


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Spermicides are too large to carry around in purse.


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They can be perceived as messy.


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They may have an unpleasant odour or taste.