Common cold is mostly occurs in children because they are often in close contact with each other in daycare centers and schools. Common cold is also known as a viral upper respiratory tract infection. It is a contagious illness that can be caused by a number of different types of viruses. On an average the following points has came out:
Seasonal changes in relative humidity also may affect the prevalence of colds. The most common cold-causing viruses survive better when humidity is low-the colder months of the year.
Causes of Common Cold
There is also no evidence that your chances of getting a cold are related to factors such as exercise, diet, or enlarged tonsils or adenoids. It is also not proven that a person can get a cold from exposure to cold weather or from getting chilled or overheated.
On the contrary, medical research have suggests that psychological stress and allergic diseases affecting your nose or throat may have an impact on getting infected by cold viruses.
Signs & Symptoms of Common Cold
Many people with a cold feel tired and achy. These symptoms typically last from three to 10 days. Symptoms of a common cold include
Cold symptoms can last from 3 to 10 days, but like most people recover in a week. Colds occasionally can lead to bacterial infections of middle ear or sinuses, requiring treatment with antibiotics.
Diagnosis of Common Cold
There is no specific test to diagnose common cold. The diagnosis is based on the symptoms reported and the physical examination made by your health care provider.
Preventions of Common Cold
There are several ways you can keep yourself from getting a cold or passing one on to others.
Treatments of Common Cold
Sometimes, an infection with bacteria can follow the cold virus. Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics. But antibiotics play no role in treating the common cold. Antibiotics only work against illnesses caused by bacteria and colds are caused by viruses.
There is no cure for the common cold, but you can get relief from your cold symptoms by
Vitamin C has been considered to reduce the duration of symptoms from a common cold. Medical research has not supported this. While there is news about treating the common cold with zinc, this is still not considered to be confirmed by adequate scientific research. Its benefits remain unproven.
Home remedies for Common Cold
The major home remedy that a person should have on the common cold is hand washing. Hand washing has clearly been shown to prevent the spread of common cold. This can be particularly effective in public places and is recommended before meals.
Several treatments that can ease the symptoms associated with a common cold also exist.
When to seek Medical Advice
Your doctor won't be able to identify the specific virus causing cold symptoms, but can examine your child's throat and ears and take a throat culture to make sure the symptoms aren't from another condition that may need specific treatment.