Iritis is the inflammation of the iris (the ring of coloured tissue surrounding the pupil of the eye). Iritis is the most common form of a family of conditions called uveitis. The uvea extends from the front to the back of the eye and comprises the iris, the ciliary body which is next to the iris and the choroid body which is at the back of the eye surface. Anterior uveitis predominantly involves the iris, but the ciliary body can be involved as well. In this case it is called iridocyclitis.
Alternative Names of Iritis are: Pars planitis; Choroiditis; Chorioretinitis; Anterior uveitis; Posterior uveitis.
Complications of Iritis
Causes of Iritis
Signs & Symptoms of Iritis
Generally, the eye is not sticky or crusty. These symptoms are more suggestive of conjunctivitis.
Diagnosis of Iritis
An ophthalmologist will use an instrument called a slit lamp to examine the inside of the eye and can usually make the diagnosis on the basis of this examination.
Since iritis may be associated with disease elsewhere in the body, the ophthalmologist will require a thorough understanding of your overall health. This may involve consultation with other medical specialists.
The ophthalmologist may also request blood tests, X-rays and other specialized tests to establish the cause of iritis.
Treatments of Iritis
Prevention of Iritis
Prevention of Iritis is impossible to pinpoint as no one knows why people have recurrent attacks at particular times. However there is scientific evidence that stress may be a key factor.
When to seek Medical Advice
Contact your ophthalmologist (a medical doctor who specializes in eye care and surgery) if any of the following signs or symptoms are present:
If you cannot reach your ophthalmologist, then seek medical attention at a hospital's emergency department.