Trichomoniasis is an infection caused by a one-celled protozoan called trichomonas. This is an extremely common cause of vaginal infections. Trichomoniasis is also known as trichomonas vaginitis, trichomonas vaginalis or sometimes trich (pronounced "trick").
Alternative Names of Trichomoniasis are: sexually transmitted disease, STD, protozoal infection, vaginal infection, trichomonads, syphilis, HIV, gonorrhea, Chlamydia.
Complications of Trichomoniasis
The list of complications that have been mentioned in various sources for Trichomoniasis includes:
Causes of Trichomoniasis
Trichomonis can be transmitted through sexual intercourse. In many instances, however, a history compatible with sexual transmission cannot be documented.
Signs & Symptoms of Trichomoniasis
Smelly, itchy, and typically frothy or foamy discharge
Yellow or gray-green discharge
Pain with urination possible
Up to one-third of infected women have no symptoms
The majority of infected men have no symptoms
Pain with urination
Pain and swelling in the scrotum (from epididymitis)
Diagnosis of Trichomoniasis
The diagnosis is made by directly observing the trichomonads through a microscope (they are too small to be seen by the naked eye).
A diagnosis of trichomoniasis usually prompts a search for other sexually transmitted diseases, such as syphilis, HIV, gonorrhea, or chlamydia.
Treatments of Trichomoniasis
Prevention of Trichomoniasis
All sexually active persons should consider using latex condoms to prevent STDs and HIV infection, even if they are using another form of contraception. Latex condoms used consistently and correctly are an effective means for preventing disease (and pregnancy). Talk openly with your partner about STDs, HIV, hepatitis B infection and the use of contraception.
When to seek Medical Advice