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The lumbar spine is made up of five vertebral bodies in the lower back. Nerves coming off the spinal cord travel though the spinal canal and exit the canal through small openings on the sides of the vertebral called foramen. Lumbar stenosis is a condition in which either the spinal canal (central stenosis) or vertebral foramen (foraminal stenosis) becomes narrowed. If the narrowing is substantial, it causes compression of the nerves which cause the painful symptoms.
Alternative Names of Lumbar Stenosis : Spinal stenosis
Complications of Lumbar Stenosis
Causes of Lumbar Stenosis
The main causes of lumbar spinal stenosis are :
a) Hypertrophy or enlargement of the facet joints (joints that connect adjacent vertebrae).
b) Hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum (yellow ligament that connects adjacent vertebrae).
c) Disc protrusion.
Signs & Symptoms of Lumbar Stenosis
Diagnosis of Lumbar Stenosis
Treatments of Lumbar Stenosis
Prevention of Lumbar Stenosis
The degenerative changes responsible for lumbar spinal stenosis can occur as part of the normal ageing process. There is little that can be done to prevent lumbar spinal stenosis.
When to seek Medical Advice
Pain in lower back, buttocks, thighs and lower legs.
Increase in pain while walking or prolonged sitting.
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