|Essential Nutrients : Minerals | Vitamins | Carbohydrates | Proteins | Fats | Diets | Lab Test | Food|
Although the term "encephalitis" literally means "inflammation of the brain," it usually refers to brain inflammation resulting from a viral infection. The severe and potentially life-threatening form of this disease is rare. Experts suspect that the actual incidence of encephalitis is probably much higher — but because most people have such mild signs or symptoms, many cases go unrecognized. Encephalitis occurs in two forms - a primary form and a secondary form. Primary encephalitis involves direct viral infection of your brain and spinal cord. In secondary encephalitis, a viral infection first occurs elsewhere in your body and then travels to your brain. Seeing your doctor and receiving timely treatment is important because the course of the encephalitis is unpredictable.
Complications of Encephalitis
Severe viral encephalitis can cause:
In those who've had severe encephalitis, some problems may last for a year or more, including:
Some complications may be permanent, such as memory loss, the inability to speak coherently, lack of muscle coordination, paralysis, or hearing or vision defects.
Causes of Encephalitis
The cause of encephalitis is most often a viral infection. Some examples include:
Encephalitis takes two forms, categorized by the two ways that viruses can infect your brain:
Also, bacterial infections, such as Lyme disease, can sometimes lead to encephalitis, as can parasitic infections, such as toxoplasmosis, in people with weakened immune systems.
Signs & Symptoms of Encephalitis
Most people infected with viral encephalitis have only mild, often flu-like symptoms, and the illness usually doesn't last long. In some cases, people might not have any symptoms. Possible symptoms include:
More serious infections can cause:
Diagnosis of Encephalitis
Diagnosing encephalitis may involve:
Treatments of Encephalitis
Treatment for mild cases mainly consists of:
More serious cases of encephalitis can be difficult to treat because the viruses that cause the disease generally don't respond to medications. However, some viruses, particularly the herpes simplex virus and varicella-zoster virus, respond to antiviral drugs such as acyclovir (Zovirax). If you have one of these kinds of virus-induced encephalitis, your doctor will likely start treatment with acyclovir immediately. Another antiviral that's sometimes used is ganciclovir (Cytovene).
In addition to antiviral medications, your doctor may also treat you with:
After the illness, you may also need physical and speech therapy.
Prevention of Encephalitis
The best way to prevent viral encephalitis is to avoid the viruses that lead to this disease. That means taking steps to prevent genital herpes, for one. It also means making sure you and your children are immunized against viruses that can cause encephalitis, such as chickenpox, measles (rubeola), mumps and German measles (rubella).
To protect yourself and your family against mosquito-borne encephalitis during an outbreak of the disease:
A vaccine is available to protect horses from West Nile virus. No vaccine is available for humans, but researchers are working to develop one.
When to seek Medical Advice
See your doctor as soon as possible if you or your children experience signs and symptoms that suggest encephalitis, a disease that can be serious and life-threatening. Additionally, other potentially serious conditions can cause similar symptoms and also need to be considered.
Urgent signs and symptoms in children and adults may include:
|• Back And Neck||• Bone And Joints||• Cancer||• Child Health|
|• Eye And Vision||• Kidney And Liver||• Lungs And Chest||• Pregnancy|
|• Women Health|
|More on WhereInCity.com|
|Fun & Info.||:||Jokes | Shayari | Articles | Poems | Stories | Tongue Twisters | SMS | Quotations | Lyrics | Recipes | Personal Pages|
|City Pages||:||Ahmedabad | Bangalore | Chandigarh | Delhi | Hyderabad | Kolkatta | Mumbai | Lucknow | Ludhiana | Pune | More|
|India||:||History | Pincodes | STD Codes | ISD Codes | Lok Sabha | Indian Railways | Culture | | Freedom Fighters | Great Indians|
|Medical||:||Doctors | Hospitals | Articles | Contraception | Diseases | Vitamins | Minerals | Proteins | Fats | Carbohydrates|
|Astrology||:||Horoscopes | Vedic Astrology | Gem Therapy | Palmistry | Match Making | Life Predictions | Horoscope 2013|
|Kids||:||Kids Album | Rhymes | Baby Names | Articles | Learning Centre | Animals Gallery|
|Education||:||Study Abroad | GMAT | Standardized Tests | Schools | Universities|
|Photos||:||City Photos | Celebrity Special | Misc. Photos|
|Business||:||Yellow Pages | Classifieds | Business Pages|
|Movies||:||Bollywood | Hollywood | Tamil | Telugu | List|
|Immigration||:||Canada | Australia | New Zealand|
|Products||:||Cars | Bikes | Mobile Phones | Cameras | Televisions | Laptops | Books | AC | Refrigerator | Appliances|
|Other||:||Cricket | Locations | Star Screen Awards 2011 | Film Fare 2011 | Songs ||
All rights reserved to www.whereincity.com
|Site by : Glow Web Services Pvt. Ltd.|
This site does not provide medical or any other health care advice, diagnosis or treatment. The site and its services, including the information above, are for informational purposes only and are not a substitute for professional medical advice, examination, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional before starting any new treatment or making any changes to existing treatment. Do not delay seeking or disregard medical advice based on information on this site.