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Salmonella food poisoning is a bacterial food poisoning caused by the Salmonella bacterium. Salmonella is very common and is found on meat, poultry and rarely, seafood. Normal cooking destroys salmonella. Salmonella is a genus of rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria that causes typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, and foodborne illness. Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most persons recover without treatment.
Salmonella infection can cause death unless the person is treated promptly with antibiotics. Children and persons with impaired immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness.
Complication of Salmonella:
Causes of Salmonella
Signs & Symptoms of Salmonella
Symptoms appear about one-two days after infection, and include
Serious complications are rare, occurring most often in individuals with other medical illnesses. Other infections which can be caused by Salmonella include:
Diagnosis of Salmonella
Determining that Salmonella is the cause of the illness a doctor needs support of laboratory tests that identify Salmonella in the stool of an infected person. Once Salmonella has been identified, further testing can determine its specific type.
Preventions of Salmonella
There is no vaccine to prevent salmonella; the following prevention measures can be taken:
Treatments of Salmonella
Treatment for enteritis or food poisoning is controversial. Some doctors recommend no antibiotics since the disease is self-limited, while others suggest using antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin for 10-14 days :
If you or a member of your family appears to have a case of Salmonellosis and has difficulty drinking or keeping down fluids, you may want to contact your family physician.
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