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Scarlet fever is caused by group A streptococcus bacteria which make a poison that can cause the scarlet-colored rash from which this illness gets its name. The incubation period of scarlet fever in children is usually 1 - 4 days. If a child has this scarlet rash and other symptoms of strep throat, it can be treated with antibiotics. So if your child has these symptoms, it's important to call your doctor.
Alternative Names of Scarlet Fever is: Scarlatina
Complications of Scarlet fever
If your child has impetigo, scarlet fever can also be spread by touch. People living in crowded conditions are more at risk of the condition. If left untreated Scarlet fever can cause which include:
Causes of Scarlet fever
Scarlet fever is caused by
If scarlet fever isn't treated, a person may be contagious for a few weeks even after the illness itself has passed.
Signs & Symptoms of Scarlet fever
The following are the common initial symptoms of scarlet fever. The rash begins one to two days after the initial infection. The red sandpaper-like rash is noted on the neck, forehead, cheeks, and chest and then may spread to the arms and back. The rash usually begins to fade after three to four days. The symptoms of scarlet fever may resemble other skin conditions or medical problems.
Diagnosis of Scarlet fever
Exams and Tests
Preventions of Scarlet fever
The bacterial infection that causes scarlet fever is contagious. In everyday life, there is no perfect way to avoid the infections that cause scarlet fever. A child who has scarlet fever can spread the bacteria to others through nasal and throat fluids by sneezing and coughing. When a child is sick at home, you should use following prevention methods:
Treatments of Scarlet fever
If the child has a rash and the doctor suspect scarlet fever, he or she will usually take a throat culture to see if the bacteria grow in the laboratory. Once a strep infection is confirmed, the doctor will likely prescribe an antibiotic for your child to be taken for about 10 days.
Caring for a Child with Scarlet Fever
When to Call the Doctor
Call the doctor whenever your child suddenly develops a rash, especially if it is accompanied by a fever, sore throat, or swollen glands. Talk to your doctor if your child has any one of the following signs or symptoms:
This is especially important if your child has any of the symptoms of strep throat, or if someone in your family or in your child's school has recently had a strep infection.
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