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Sepsis, also known as Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), is a serious medical condition caused by the body's response to a bacterial infection, which can lead to serious complications that affect the kidneys, lungs, brain, and hearing, and can even cause death. It is a condition in which the body is fighting a severe infection that has spread via the bloodstream.
If a patient becomes "septic," they will likely be in a state of low blood pressure termed "shock." This condition can develop either as a result of the body's own defense system or from toxic substances made by the infecting agent (such as a bacteria, virus, or fungus).
Sepsis is a serious infection usually caused by bacteria - which can originate in many body parts, such as the lungs, intestines, urinary tract, or skin - that make toxins that cause the immune system to attack the body's own organs and tissues.
Sepsis can affect people of any age, but is more common in:
Causes of Sepsis
Sepsis can lead to widespread inflammation and blood clotting. Inflammation may result in redness, heat, swelling, pain, and organ dysfunction or failure. Blood clotting during sepsis causes reduced blood flow to limbs and vital organs, and can lead to organ failure or gangrene.
The source of the infection can be any of a number of places throughout the body. Common sites and types of infection that can lead to sepsis include:
Signs & Symptoms of Sepsis
Symptoms of sepsis in newborns and young infants include:
Older children have might have following symptoms:
Diagnosis of Sepsis
Symptoms of sepsis can be vague in an infant that is why laboratory tests play a crucial role in confirming or ruling out sepsis:
A person may have sepsis if he or she has:
Treatments of Sepsis
When to seek Medical Advice
Symptoms of sepsis can be very difficult to identify in newborns and young infants, so it is always better to call your health care provider immediately. Emergency medical care is necessary if your baby shows any severe symptoms of sepsis.
The signs don't necessarily mean a child has sepsis, but it's very important that a doctor should know about symptoms to make sure that the infection is sepsis or something else, before it becomes more severe.
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