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Tuberculosis is a common and an infectious disease which is caused by bacteria called "Mycobacterium tuberculosis". It was first isolated in 1882 by a German physician named "Robert Koch" who received the Nobel Prize for this discovery. Tuberculosis most commonly attacks the lungs but can also affect the central nervous system, the lymphatic system, the circulatory system, the genitourinary system, bones, joints and even the skin.
Types of Tuberculosis:
In the People who have HIV, the inactive TB may become active TB if their immune system becomes weakened.
A person can become infected with tuberculosis bacteria when he or she inhales minute particles of infected sputum from the air. The bacteria get into the air when someone who has a tuberculosis lung infection coughs, sneezes, shouts, or spits (which is common in some cultures).
Tuberculosis is a serious health problem in its own right but it is also the most likely cause of death for HIV positive people. Like HIV, tuberculosis has had an uneven impact around the world.
Risk factors of Tuberculosis are:
Signs & Symptoms
The primary stage of the tuberculosis may be symptom-free, or the individual may experience a flu-like illness. TB mainly affects lungs and coughing is often the only indication of infection initially. Signs and symptoms of Tuberculosis include:
A complete medical diagnosis for TB includes a review of complete medical history, physical examination of patient, a tuberculin skin test, a chest X-ray, and microbiologic smears and cultures. Tuberculosis can be diagnosed by many ways:
Preventive measures include strict standards for ventilation, air filtration etc.
The resulting drug-resistant strains are much more deadly and difficult to treat.
If the patient develops any side effects from medications such as itching, change in color of skin, tiredness, or excessive fatigue and you must call your doctor immediately.
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