|Essential Nutrients : Minerals | Vitamins | Carbohydrates | Proteins | Fats | Diets | Lab Test | Food|
Dry eyes occur when your tears aren't able to provide adequate moisture for your eyes. Tears can be inadequate for many reasons. For example, dry eyes may occur if you don't produce enough tears or if you produce poor-quality tears. Dry eyes feel uncomfortable. If you have dry eyes, your eyes may sting or burn. You may experience dry eyes in certain situations, such as on an airplane, in an air-conditioned room or after looking at a computer screen for a few hours. Dry eyes treatments may make you more comfortable. Dry eyes treatments can include lifestyle changes and eyedrops. For more serious cases of dry eyes, surgery may be an option.
Complications of Dry Eyes
Most people don't experience complications caused by dry eyes. Complications that can occur include:
Causes of Dry Eyes
Dry eyes are caused by a lack of adequate tears. Your tears are a complex mixture of water, fatty oils, proteins and electrolytes. This mixture helps make the surface of your eyes smooth and clear, and it helps protect your eyes from infection. For some people, the cause of dry eyes is an imbalance in the composition of their tears. Other people don't produce enough tears to keep their eyes comfortably lubricated. Eyelid problems, medications and other causes, such as environmental factors, also can lead to dry eyes.
Poor tear quality
The tear film has three basic layers: oil, water and mucus. Problems with any of these layers can cause dry eyes symptoms.
Decreased tear production
Dry eyes can occur when you're unable to produce enough tears. The medical term for this condition is keratoconjunctivitis sicca (ker-uh-to-kun-junk-ti-VIE-tis sik-uh).
You may not produce enough tears if you:
Blinking spreads a continuous thin film of tears across the surface of your eyes. If you have an eyelid problem that makes it difficult to blink, tears may not be spread across your eye adequately or your tears may evaporate too quickly, causing dry eyes. Eyelid problems can include an out-turning of the lids (ectropion) or an in-turning of the lids (entropion).
Medications that cause dry eyes
Medications that can cause dry eyes include:
Other dry eyes causes
Other causes of dry eyes include:
Signs & Symptoms of Dry Eyes
Signs and symptoms of dry eyes, which usually affect both eyes, may include:
Diagnosis of Dry Eyes
Tests and procedures used to determine the cause of your dry eyes may include:
Treatments of Dry Eyes
For most people with occasional or mild dry eyes symptoms, treatment involves over-the-counter eyedrops and other home remedies. If your dry eyes symptoms are persistent and more serious, your treatment options will depend on what's causing your dry eyes. Some conditions that cause dry eyes can be reversed or managed. Other treatments can improve your tear quality or stop your tears from quickly draining away from your eyes.
Treating the underlying cause of dry eyes
Your doctor will work to determine what's causing your dry eyes. In some cases these situations can be reversed. For instance, if a medication is causing your dry eyes, your doctor may recommend a different medication that doesn't cause that side effect. If you have an eyelid condition, such as an anatomic abnormality or a condition that makes it difficult to close your eye completely when you blink, your doctor may refer you to an eye surgeon who specializes in plastic surgery of the eyelids (oculoplastic surgeon). If your signs and symptoms suggest an autoimmune condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis or Sjogren's syndrome, your doctor may refer you to a rheumatologist for evaluation.
Prescriptions used to treat dry eyes include:
Closing your tear ducts to reduce tear loss
Your doctor may suggest treatment to keep your tears from leaving your eye too quickly. This can be done by partially or completely closing your tear ducts, which normally serve to drain tears away. Tear ducts can be plugged by:
Covering your eyes with a special contact lens
People with severe dry eyes may opt for special contact lenses. These contact lenses help protect or shield the surface of your eye, trapping moisture close to your eye in order to relieve your dry eyes symptoms. Ask your eye doctor whether these special lenses, called bandage lenses or corneal shields, are an option for you.
Prevention of Dry Eyes
If you experience dry eyes, pay attention to the situations that are most likely to cause your symptoms. Then find ways to avoid those situations in order to prevent your dry eyes symptoms. For instance:
When to seek Medical Advice
See your doctor if you've had prolonged signs and symptoms of dry eyes, including red, irritated, tired or painful eyes. Your doctor can take steps to determine what's bothering your eyes or refer you to a specialist.
|• Back And Neck||• Bone And Joints||• Cancer||• Child Health|
|• Eye And Vision||• Kidney And Liver||• Lungs And Chest||• Pregnancy|
|• Women Health|
|More on WhereInCity.com|
|Fun & Info.||:||Jokes | Shayari | Articles | Poems | Stories | Tongue Twisters | SMS | Quotations | Lyrics | Recipes | Personal Pages|
|City Pages||:||Ahmedabad | Bangalore | Chandigarh | Delhi | Hyderabad | Kolkatta | Mumbai | Lucknow | Ludhiana | Pune | More|
|India||:||History | Pincodes | STD Codes | ISD Codes | Lok Sabha | Indian Railways | Culture | | Freedom Fighters | Great Indians|
|Medical||:||Doctors | Hospitals | Articles | Contraception | Diseases | Vitamins | Minerals | Proteins | Fats | Carbohydrates|
|Astrology||:||Horoscopes | Vedic Astrology | Gem Therapy | Palmistry | Match Making | Life Predictions | Horoscope 2013|
|Kids||:||Kids Album | Rhymes | Baby Names | Articles | Learning Centre | Animals Gallery|
|Education||:||Study Abroad | GMAT | Standardized Tests | Schools | Universities|
|Photos||:||City Photos | Celebrity Special | Misc. Photos|
|Business||:||Yellow Pages | Classifieds | Business Pages|
|Movies||:||Bollywood | Hollywood | Tamil | Telugu | List|
|Immigration||:||Canada | Australia | New Zealand|
|Products||:||Cars | Bikes | Mobile Phones | Cameras | Televisions | Laptops | Books | AC | Refrigerator | Appliances|
|Other||:||Cricket | Locations | Star Screen Awards 2011 | Film Fare 2011 | Songs ||
All rights reserved to www.whereincity.com
|Site by : Glow Web Services Pvt. Ltd.|
This site does not provide medical or any other health care advice, diagnosis or treatment. The site and its services, including the information above, are for informational purposes only and are not a substitute for professional medical advice, examination, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional before starting any new treatment or making any changes to existing treatment. Do not delay seeking or disregard medical advice based on information on this site.