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Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve. It may cause sudden, reduced vision in the affected eye.
Alternative Names of Optic Neuritis are: Retro-orbital neuritis.
Complications of Optic Neuritis
About 20% of patients with a first episode of optic neuritis will develop myelin sheath inflammation at other sites or will develop multiple sclerosis.
Causes of Optic Neuritis
The cause of optic neuritis is unknown.
Sudden inflammation of the nerve connecting the eye and the brain (optic nerve) can injure the insulation (myelin sheath) surrounding each nerve fiber, causing the nerve to swell.
Causes of the inflammation can include:
Risk factors are related to the particular cause.
Signs & Symptoms of Optic Neuritis
Diagnosis of Optic Neuritis
A complete medical examination can help rule out related diseases. Tests may include the following:
Treatments of Optic Neuritis
When to seek Medical Advice
Call your health care provider immediately if you have a sudden loss of vision in one eye.
If you have optic neuritis, call your health care provider if:
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