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A sty (sometimes spelled stye) is a tender, painful red bump located at the base of an eyelash or under or inside the eyelid. The medical term for a sty is hordeolum (plural, hordeola).A sty results from an acute infection of the oil glands of the eyelid (meibomian glands) that occurs after these glands have become clogged. A sty also may arise from an infected hair follicle at the base of an eyelash. The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for 90%-95% of cases of styes. Staph aureus is frequently found on the skin. A sty can develop as a complication of blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid).The term external hordeolum has been used to refer to a sty that develops at the base of an eyelash involving a hair follicle of the eyelid, whereas the term internal hordeolum refers to a sty arising due to an inflamed meibomian gland under the eyelid. A sty is sometimes confused with a chalazion, which is a cyst or a specific type of scarring (due to chronic inflammation) arising in the meibomian glands of the eyelid. In contrast to a sty, a chalazion is usually painless.
Alternative Names of Sty are: stye, hordeolum, sties, styes, chalazion, lump on eyelid, blocked gland, oil gland.
Complications of Sty
Complications of a sty are rare.
Causes of Sty
Signs & Symptoms of Sty
Diagnosis of Sty
The doctor determines whether a child has a sty by visually examining the appearance of the eyelid. If the bump is hard and is located deep within the eyelid, it probably is a chalazion. For a patient whose sty has not healed with home treatment, the doctor may test the fluid in the eye to determine the type of bacteria present and prescribe the treatment accordingly.
Treatments of Sty
Treatments depend on the cause.
Common treatments for sties are:
If sties recur, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic ointment or solution. Apply it to the eyelid (with your eye closed) as directed.
Prevention of Sty
There are some important tips to prevent eye sty. To prevent eye sty :
When to seek Medical Advice
Sometimes, complications may occur from a seemingly innocent problem. Immediately contact your ophthalmologist (a medical doctor who specializes in eye care and surgery) if any of the following problems occur:
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