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Cystinuria is a condition passed down through families in which stones form in the kidney, ureter, and bladder.
Alternative Names of Cystinuria are: Cystine Stones.
Complications of Cystinuria
Causes of Cystinuria
Signs & Symptoms of Cystinuria
Blood in the urine
Flank pain or pain in the side or back
- Usually on one side; rarely felt on both sides
- Often severe
- May get increasingly worse over days
- Pain may also be felt in the pelvis, groin, genitals, or between the upper abdomen and the back.
Diagnosis of Cystinuria
The disorder is usually diagnosed after an episode of kidney stones. Analysis of the stones shows they are made of cystine.
Tests that may be done to detect stones and diagnose this condition include:
Treatments of Cystinuria
The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and prevent the development of more stones. A person with severe symptoms may need to be admitted to a hospital. Treatment involves drinking plenty of fluids, particularly water, so that large amounts of urine are produced. The patient should drink at least 6-8 glasses per day. In some cases, fluids may need to be given through a vein (by IV). Medications may be prescribed to help dissolve the cystine crystals. Eating less salt can also decrease cystine excretion and stone formation. Pain relievers may be needed to control pain in the kidney or bladder area associated with the passage of stones. The stones usually pass through the urine on their own. If they do not, surgery may be needed:
Prevention of Cystinuria
There is no known prevention for cystinuria. Any person with a known history of stones in the urinary tract should drink plenty of fluids to regularly produce a high amount of urine. This allows stones and crystals to leave the body before they become large enough to cause symptoms.
When to seek Medical Advice
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of urinary tract stones.
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